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 Tropospheric Composition: Projects

Aura Icon Aura
Aura (Latin for breeze) was launched July 15, 2004. Aura is part of the Earth Science Projects Division.

AIRS Icon AIRS
The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder, AIRS, is an instrument whose goal is to support climate research and improved weather forecasting.

CARVE (Carbon in Arctic Reservoirs Vulnerability Experiment) Icon CARVE (Carbon in Arctic Reservoirs Vulnerability Experiment)
CARVE is an airborne mission to measure CO2 and CH4 fluxes from Alaska.

CFIS (Chlorophyll Fluorescence Imaging Spectrometer) Icon CFIS (Chlorophyll Fluorescence Imaging Spectrometer)
The airborne Chlorophyll Fluorescence Imaging Spectrometer (CFIS) was built at JPL for OCO-2 validation purposes. It is a high-resolution imaging spectrometer, optimized for remote sensing of chlorophyll fluorescence.

CMS Flux (Carbon Monitoring System Flux) Icon CMS Flux (Carbon Monitoring System Flux)
Carbon Monitoring System Flux (CMS Flux) incorporates the full suite of NASA observational, modeling, and assimilation capabilities to attribute CO2 climate forcing to spatially resolved emissions.

Geo-Cape Icon Geo-Cape
Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events

JIFRESSE Icon JIFRESSE
JIFRESSE is a scientific collaboration between UCLA and JPL to improve understanding and to develop future projections about global climate change.

JPL Laser Hygrometer Icon JPL Laser Hygrometer

The JPL Laser Hygrometer measures in-situ water vapor from NASA aircraft platforms in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere, including the NASA ER-2, WB-57, DC-8, and Global Hawk.


Megacities Carbon Project Icon Megacities Carbon Project
The Megacities Carbon Project is being established for the megacities of Los Angeles and Paris.

MLS - Microwave Limb Sounder Icon MLS - Microwave Limb Sounder
The Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) experiments measure naturally-occurring microwave thermal emission from the limb (edge) of Earth's atmosphere to remotely sense vertical profiles of atmospheric gases, temperature, pressure, and cloud ice.

NPP Icon NPP
The National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Preparatory Project (NPP) mission collects and distributes remotely-sensed land, ocean, and atmospheric data to the meteorological and global climate change communities.

OCO-2 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory Icon OCO-2 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) is a mission designed to make precise, time-dependent global measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) from an Earth orbiting satellite.

TES Icon TES
TES (Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer) is one of four science instruments aboard NASA's Aura satellite, which was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California on July 15, 2004.

CliMA Icon CliMA
The Climate Modeling Alliance (CliMA) is a coalition of scientists and engineers, who are building an Earth system model that leverages advances in the computational and data sciences to learn from Earth observations from space and the ground.


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