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 Planetary Chemistry and Astrobiology: People
Michael Russell's Picture
Address:
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 183-601
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Phone:
818 354-4985
Fax:
818 393-3037
Email:
Curriculum Vitae:

Michael Russell
Group Supervisor

Education
  • B.Sc. Honours, Geology with Chemistry, University of London (1963)
  • Ph.D. Mineral Deposit Geochemistry, University of Durham (1974)

Research Interests
  • The emergence of life and oxygenic photosynthesis in the context of hydrothermal systems on wet, rocky, sunlit planets

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory (2006 - present)
    • Supervisor, Planetary Chemistry and Astrobiology Group (2013 - Present)
    • Research Scientist, Planetary Chemistry and Astrobiology Group (2011 - 2013)
    • Distinguished Visiting Scientist (2005 - 2011)
    • NASA Senior Research Fellow (2005 - 2010)
  • CNRS Professor, University of Grenoble, (2004-2005)
  • Dixon Research Professor, Glasgow University, Scotland (1989-2004)

Selected Awards
  • William Smith Medal, 2009, Geological Society of London
  • Nature 2009, feature in 459, 316-319 (Whitfield; Nascence Man)

Selected Publications
  1. Russell, M.J., Nitschke, W. & Branscomb, E. 2013, The inevitable journey to being. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 368: 20120254. Link.
  2. Nitschke, W. & Russell, M.J. (2013) Beating the acetyl coenzyme-A pathway to the origin of life. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 368: 20120258. Link.
  3. Nitschke, W., McGlynn, S.E., Milner-White, E.J., Russell, M.J., 2013, On the antiquity of metalloenzymes and their substrates in bioenergetics. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, Bioenergetics, Link.
  4. Branscomb, E. & Russell, M.J. 2013, Turnstiles and bifurcators: the disequilibrium converting engines that put metabolism on the road. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, Bioenergetics 1827, 62-78.
  5. Schoepp-Cothenet, B., van Lis, R., Atteia, A., Baymann, F., Capowiez, L., Ducluzeau, A-L., Duval, S., ten Brink, F., Russell, M.J. & Nitschke, W. 2013 On the universal core of bioenergetics. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, Bioenergetics, 1827, 79-93.
  6. Barge, L.M., Doloboff, I.J., White, L.M., Russell, M.J., Kanik, I. 2012, Characterization of Iron-Phosphate-Silicate Chemical Garden Structures. Langmuir, 28, 3714-3721.
  7. McGlynn, S.E., Kanik, I., Russell, M.J. 2012, Modification of simulated hydrothermal iron sulfide chimneys by RNA and peptides. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A Phys. Sci. 370, 3007-3022.
  8. Schoepp-Cothenet, B., van Lis, R., Philippot, P., Magalon. A., Russell, M.J. and Nitschke, W. (2012). The ineluctable requirement for the trans-iron elements molybdenum and/or tungsten in the origin of life. Nature Scientific Reports, 2 :263 DOI :10.1038.
  9. Nitschke, W., Russell, M.J. 2011, Redox bifurcations; how they work and what they mean to extant life and (potentially) to its inorganic roots. BioEssays, 34, 106-109.
  10. Milner-White, E.J., Russell, M.J. 2011, A peptide era heralding the emergence of life. Genes 2, 671-688.
  11. Mielke, R.E., Robinson, K.J., White, L.M., McGlynn, S.E., McEachern, K., Bhartia, R., Kanik, I., Russell, M.J. 2011, Iron-sulfide-bearing chimneys as potential catalytic energy traps at life's emergence. Astrobiology, 11, 933-950.
  12. Russell, M.J. (editor) 2011, Origins, Abiogenesis and the search for Life. Cosmology Science Publishers, Cambridge, MA, pp. 487.
  13. Mielke, R.E., Russell, M.J., Wilson, P.R., McGlynn, S., Coleman, M., Kidd, R. & Kanik, I. 2010, Design, Fabrication and Test of a Hydrothermal Reactor for Origin‐Of‐Life Experiments, Astrobiology, 10, 799-810.
  14. Russell, M.J., Hall, A.J. and Martin, W. 2010, Serpentinization and its contribution to the energy for the emergence of life. Geobiology, 8, 355-371.
  15. Nitschke, W. and Russell, M.J. (2010). Just Like the Universe the Emergence of Life had High Enthalpy and Low Entropy Beginnings. Journal of Cosmology, 10, 3200-3216.
  16. Yung, Y.L., Russell M.J., Parkinson, C.D. 2010, The search for life on Mars. Journal of Cosmology, 5, 1121-1130.
  17. Russell, M.J., Kanik, I. 2010, Why Does Life Start, What Does It Do, Where Will It Be, And How Might We Find It? Journal of Cosmology, 5, 1008-1039.
  18. Russell, M.J. and Hall, A.J. 2009, A hydrothermal source of energy and materials at the origin of life. In "Chemical Evolution II: From Origins of Life to Modern Society". American Chemical Society, pp. 45-62.
  19. Nitschke, W. and Russell, M.J. 2009, Hydrothermal focusing of chemical and chemiosmotic energy, supported by delivery of catalytic Fe, Ni, Mo/W, Co, S and Se, forced life to emerge. Journal Molecular Evolution 69, 481-496.
  20. Ducluzeau, A-L, van Lis R., Duval S., Schoepp-Cothenet B., Russell, M.J., Nitschke W. 2009, Was nitric oxide the first strongly oxidizing terminal electron sink. Trends in Biochemical Sciences 34, 9-15.
  21. Martin, W., Baross, J., Kelley, D., Russell M.J. 2008, Hydrothermal vents and the origin of life. Nature Reviews, Microbiology 6, 806-814.
  22. Russell, M.J. 2008, On the emergence and early evolution of life. In Life strategies of microorganisms in the environment and in host organisms. Nova Acta Leopoldina, 96, 45-52.
  23. Russell, M.J., Allen, J.F., Milner-White, E.J. 2008, Inorganic complexes enabled the onset of life and oxygenic photosynthesis. In Energy from the Sun: 14th International Congress on Photosynthesis, J.F. Allen, E. Gantt, J.H. Golbeck, B. Osmond (editors). Springer. 1193-1198.
  24. Milner-White, E.J., Russell, M.J. 2008, Predicting peptide and protein conformations in early evolution. Biology Direct 3, 3: doi:10.1186/1745-6150-3-3.

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