NASA Logo Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology View the NASA Portal
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
JPL Science
JPL Science Division Home
Planetary Science Planetary Science
Climate, Oceans and Solid Earth Sciences Climate, Oceans and Solid Earth Sciences
Astrophysics & Space Sciences Astrophysics & Space Sciences
Earth Science Earth Science
Center for Climate Sciences
Solid Earth
Earth Surface Science
Water and Carbon Cycles
Oceans and Ice
Ocean Circulation
Climate Physics
Atmospheric Observations
Table Mountain Research
Laboratory Studies and Modeling
Microwave Atmospheric Science
Tropospheric Sounding, Assimilation, and Modeling (TSAM)
AIRS Atmospheric Science
Aerosol and Cloud Science
Orbiting Carbon Observatory Science
Directorate Science Affiliates Directorate Science Affiliates
Open Postdoc Positions Open Postdoc Positions
Brochures Brochures
 Ocean Circulation: People
Yuhe Tony Song's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 300-323
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Curriculum Vitae:

Yuhe Tony Song

  • B.S., Mathematics, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou (1981)
  • M.S., Applied Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (1984)
  • Ph.D., Applied Mathematics, Simon Fraser University, Canada (1990)

Research Interests
  • Innovative remote sensing: Using GPS to detect tsunami scale and genesis; using GRACE Ocean-bottom-pressure to study ocean circulation
  • Advanced ocean modeling: Developing S-coordinate system and pressure gradient schemes for community-user models, non-Boussinesq ROMS, and multi-scale fluid dynamics
  • Coastal oceanography: Focusing on Asia Marginal Seas, flow interactions with topography, cross-shelf exchange, and coastal upwelling


OSTM/Jason 2 Icon OSTM/Jason 2
This satellite mission is a follow-on to Jason-1 to continue the climate data record of global ocean surface topography for monitoring the changes in ocean circulation and sea level.

The "GPS-aided Real-Time Earthquake And Tsunami (GREAT) Alert System" project exploits GPS data to enable more accurate and timely assessment of the magnitude and structure of earthquakes, as well as the magnitude and direction of resulting tsunamis.

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory (1998-present):
    • Research Scientist, Earth Science Section (2001-present)
    • Senior Technical Staff, Ocean Science Element (1998-2001)
  • Bedford Institute of Oceanography: Research Associate (1996-1997)
  • Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Jersey:
    • Research Assistant Professor (1993-1996)
    • Postdoctorial Fellow (1991-1993)

Selected Awards
  • NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (2011) (for pioneering work in tsunami research, resulting in new insight into tsunami genesis and in advance a new approach to tsunami mitigation).
  • The year in science, Discover 100 Top Stories of 2010, "Yardstick for Killer Waves (2011)"
  • JPL Ed Stone Award for Outstanding Research Publication - "Detecting tsunami genesis and scales directly from coastal GPS stations" (2008)
  • JPL/NASA software copyright of Invention # NPO44443-CN: Parallelization of the Coupled Earthquake-Tsunami Model (2006)
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory Outstanding Accomplishment Award for Successful Utilizing Jason Sea Level Observations and Advanced Numerical Models to Study the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami (2005)
  • Original Author of the S-Coordinate Rutgers University Model (SCRUM), United State Copyright Office 1996-2096 TXu 715-315 see (1996)

Selected Publications
  1. Song, Y. T., I. Fukumori, C. K. Shum, and Y. Yi, 2012: Merging tsunamis of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake detected over the open ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2011GL050767. (Nature Highlights on March 8, 2012).
  2. Song, Y. T. and T. Qu, 2011: Multiple satellite missions confirming the theory of seasonal oceanic variability in the northern Pacific, Marine Geodesy, DOI: 10.1080/01490419.2011.590110.
  3. Song, Y.T. and F. Colberg, 2011: Deep ocean warming assessed from altimeters, Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, in situ measurements, and a non-Boussinesq ocean general circulation model, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C02020, doi:10.1029/2010JC006601.
  4. Song, Y.T. and S.C. Han, 2011: Satellite observations defying the long-held tsunami genesis theory, D.L. Tang (ed.), Remote Sensing of the Changing Oceans, DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-16541-2, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, in press.
  5. Song, Y.T., R. Gross, X. Wang, and V. Zlotnicki, 2010: A non-Boussinesq terrain-following OGCM for oceanographic and geodetic applications, Advances in Geosciences, 18 (Ocean Science, Eds. Gan et al.), 63-86.
  6. Fok, H.S., H.B. Iz, C.K. Shum, Y. Yi, O. Andersen, A. Braun, Y. Chao, G. Han, C.Y. Kuo, K. Matsumoto, and Y. T. Song, 2010: Evaluation of ocean tide models used for Jason-2 altimetry corrections, Marine Geodesy, 33, 285-303, doi:10.1080/01490419.2010.491027.
  7. Qu, T. and Y.T. Song, 2009: Midoro Strait and Sibutu Passage transports estimated from satellite data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L09601, doi:10.1029/2009GL037314.
  8. Qu, T., Y. T. Song, and T. Yamagata, 2009: An Introduction to the South China Sea Throughflow: Its dynamics, variability, and application for climate, Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 47, 3-14.
  9. Song, Y. T. and V. Zlotnicki, 2008: The subpolar ocean-bottom-pressure oscillation and its links to ENSO, Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol. 29 (21), 6091-6107.
  10. Zheng, Q., Y. T. Song, L. H. Lin, X. Hu, J. Meng, and D. Wang, 2008: On generation source sites of internal waves in the Luzon Strait, Act Oceanologica Sinica, 27 (3), 38-50.
  11. Xu, Q., Q. Zheng, H. Lin, Y. Liu, Y. T Song, and Y. Yuan, 2008: Dynamical analysis of mesiscale eddy-induced ocean internal waves using linear theories, Act Oceanologica Sinica, 27 (3), 60-69.
  12. Zheng, Q., Y. T. Song, C.-R. Ho, and H. Lin, 2008: Statistics of internal waves in the South China Sea, Satellite Remote Sensing of South China Sea (ed. A. K. Liu et al), Chapter 4, 67-80.
  13. Song, Y. T., L.-L. Fu, V. Zlotnicki, C. Ji, V. Hjorleifsdottir, C.K. Shum, and Y. Yi, 2008: The role of horizontal impulses of the faulting continental slope in generating the 26 December 2004 Tsunami, Ocean Modelling, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2007.10.007.
  14. Zheng, Q., H. Lin, J. Meng, X. Hu, Y. T. Song, Y. Zhang, and C. Li, 2008: Sub-mesoscale ocean vortex trains in the Luzon Strait, J. Geophys. Res. , 113, C04032, doi:10.1029/2007JC004362.
  15. Song, Y. T., 2007: Detecting tsunami genesis and scales directly from coastal GPS stations, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 34, L19602, doi:10.1029/2007GL031681.
  16. Zheng, Q., R. Dwi Susanto, Chung-Ru Ho, Y. T. Song, and Qing Xu, 2007: Statistical and dynamical analyses of generation mechanisms of solitary internal waves in the northern South China Sea, J. Geophys. Res. , 112, C03021, doi:10.1029/2006JC003551.
  17. Zlotnicki, V., J. Wahr, I. Fukumori, and Y. T. Song, 2006: The Antarctic Circumpolar Current: seasonal transport variablity during 2002-2005, J. Phys. Oceanogr. , 37, doi:10.1175/JPO3009.1.
  18. Song, Y. T., 2006: Estimation of interbasin transport using ocean bottom pressure: Theory and model for Asian marginal seas, J. Geophys. Res. , 111, C11S19, doi:10.1029/2005JC003189.
  19. Zheng, Q., G. Fang, and Y. T. Song, 2006: Introduction to special section: Dynamics and circulation of the Yellow, East, and South China Sea, J. Geophys. Res. , 111, C11S01, doi:10.1029/2005JC003261.
  20. Song, Y. T. and T. Y. Hou, 2006: Parametric vertical coordinate formulation for multiscale, Boussinesq, and non-Boussinesq ocean modeling, Ocean Modelling. Doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2005.01.001.
  21. Song, Y. T., C. Ji, L.-L. Fu, V. Zlotnicki, C.K. Shum, Y. Yi, and V. Hjorleifsdottir, 2005: The 26 December 2004 Tsunami Source Estimated from Satellite Radar Altimetry and Seismic Waves, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 23, doi:10.1029/2005GL023683.
  22. Wang, P., Y. T. Song, Y. Chao, and H. Zhang, 2005: Parallel computation of the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS), International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, Volume 19, No. 4, 375-385, UCRL-JRNL-211096.
  23. Song, Y. T. and V. Zlotnicki, 2004: Ocean bottom pressure waves predicted in the tropical Pacific, Geophys. Res. Lett. , Vol. 31, No. 5, L05306, 10.1029/2003GL018980.
  24. Glenn, S. M., Arnone, R., Bergmann, T., Bissett, W. P., Crowley, M., Cullen, J., Gryzmski, J., Haidvogel. D., Kohut, J., Moline, M. A., Oliver, M., Orrico, C., Sherrell, R., Song, Y. T., Weidemann, A., Chant, R., Schofield, 2004: The Biogeochemical impact of summertime coastal upwelling in the Mid-Atlantic Bight. J. Geophys. Res. , 109 (C12S02), DOI:10.1029/2003JC002265.
  25. Song, Y. T. and Y. Chao, 2004: The role of topography in coastal upwelling and cross-shore exchange: A theoretical study, Ocean Modelling, 6(2), 151-176.
  26. Song, Y. T. and T. Tang, 2002: Eddy-resolving simulations for the Asian marginal seas and Kuroshio using the nonlinear-terrain following coordinate system, J. Korean Oceanogr. , 37(3), 167-177.
  27. Song, Y. T., D. Haidvogel, and S. Glenn, 2001: The effects of topographic variability on the formation of upwelling centers off New Jersey: A theoretical model, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 9223-9240.
  28. Song, Y. T. and Y. Chao, 2000: An embedded bottom boundary layer formulation for z-coordinate ocean models, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech. , 17, 546-560.
  29. Song, Y. T. 1998: A general pressure gradient formulation for ocean models. Part I: Scheme design and diagnostic analysis, Mon. Weath. Rev. , 126, 3213-3230.
  30. Song, Y. T. and D. Wright, 1998: A general pressure gradient formulation for ocean models. Part II: Energy, momentum, and bottom torque consistency, Mon. Weath. Rev., 126, 3231-3247.
  31. Glenn, S., M. Crowley, D. Haidvogel, and Y. T. Song, 1996: Underwater observatory captures coastal upwelling events off New Jersey, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 77, 233, 236.
  32. Lardner, R. W. and Y. Song, 1995: Optimal estimation of eddy viscosity and friction coefficients for a quasi-three-dimensional numerical tidal model, Atmosphere-Ocean, 33, 581-611.
  33. Song, Y. and T. Tang, 1994: On staggered Turkel-Zwas type schemes for the two-dimensional shallow water equations. Monthly Weather Review, 122 (1), 223-234.
  34. Song, Y. and D. Haidvogel, 1994: A semi-implicit primitive equation ocean circulation model using a generalized topography-following coordinate system. J. Comput. Phys. , 115, 228-244.
  35. Song, Y., S. L. Das, and R. W. Lardner, 1994: Computation of density driven flows using the spectral method: Application to the Arabian Gulf. Cont. Shelf Res. , 14, 1039-1052.
  36. Song, Y. and D. Haidvogel, 1993: Numerical simulations of California Current System under the joint effect of coastal geometry and surface forcing, in M.L.Spaulding et al. (eds). Estuarine and Coastal Modeling, 3, 216-234.
  37. Song, Y. and T. Tang, 1993: Dispersion and group velocity in numerical schemes for three-dimensional hydrodynamic equations. J. Comput. Phys. , 105, 72-82.
  38. Lardner, R. W. and Y. Song, 1992: A comparison of spatial grids for numerical modeling of lows in near-coast seas, Int. J. Numer. Methods. Fluids, 14, 109-124.
  39. Lardner, R. W. and Y. Song, 1992: A hybrid spectal method for the three-dimensional numerical modeling of nonlinear flows in shallow seas, J. Comput. Phys. , 100, 322-334.
  40. Lardner, R. W. and Y. Song, 1991: An Algorithm for three-dimensional convection and diffusion with very different horizontal and vertical length scales, Int. J. Numer. Methods Engineering. , 32, 1303-1319.
  41. Song, Y. and M. Yang, 1986: Spectral approximation theory for multigroup neutron transport operators, Acta Mathematica Scientia, 6 (3), 339-352.
  42. Zheng, S. and Y. Song, 1985: Characteristics of p>1-order quasi-collectively compact operator and its applications, Science bulletin (in Chinese), 12, 896-900.
  43. Song, Y., 1983: A non-linear singular Sturm-Liouville problem, Journal of Zhengzhou University, 1, 35-39.

Group Home Page
People in this Group
Group Projects

JPL Privacy Statement Sitemap Email Contact Form