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 Ocean Circulation And Air Sea Interaction: People
Yuhe Tony Song's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 300-323
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Curriculum Vitae:

Yuhe Tony Song

  • B.S., Mathematics, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou (1981)
  • M.S., Applied Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (1984)
  • Ph.D., Applied Mathematics, Simon Fraser University, Canada (1990)

Research Interests
  • Innovative remote sensing: Using GPS to detect tsunami scale and genesis; using GRACE Ocean-bottom-pressure to study ocean circulation
  • Advanced ocean modeling: Developing S-coordinate system and pressure gradient schemes for community-user models, non-Boussinesq ROMS, and multi-scale fluid dynamics
  • Coastal oceanography: Focusing on Asia Marginal Seas, flow interactions with topography, cross-shelf exchange, and coastal upwelling


Aquarius Icon Aquarius
Aquarius has been providing global measurements of sea surface salinity that are important to study ocean circulation and global water cycle since August 2011.

GRACE, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, twin satellites launched in March 2002, are making detailed measurements of Earth's gravity field which will lead to discoveries about gravity and Earth's natural systems.

The "GPS-aided Real-Time Earthquake And Tsunami (GREAT) Alert System" project exploits GPS data to enable more accurate and timely assessment of the magnitude and structure of earthquakes, as well as the magnitude and direction of resulting tsunamis.

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory (1998-present):
    • Research Scientist, Earth Science Section (2001-present)
    • Senior Technical Staff, Ocean Science Element (1998-2001)
  • Bedford Institute of Oceanography: Research Associate (1996-1997)
  • Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, New Jersey:
    • Research Assistant Professor (1993-1996)
    • Postdoctorial Fellow (1991-1993)

Selected Awards
  • NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (2011) (for pioneering work in tsunami research, resulting in new insight into tsunami genesis and in advance a new approach to tsunami mitigation).
  • The year in science, Discover 100 Top Stories of 2010, "Yardstick for Killer Waves (2011)"
  • JPL Ed Stone Award for Outstanding Research Publication - "Detecting tsunami genesis and scales directly from coastal GPS stations" (2008)
  • JPL/NASA software copyright of Invention # NPO44443-CN: Parallelization of the Coupled Earthquake-Tsunami Model (2006)
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory Outstanding Accomplishment Award for Successful Utilizing Jason Sea Level Observations and Advanced Numerical Models to Study the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami (2005)
  • Original Author of the S-Coordinate Rutgers University Model (SCRUM), United State Copyright Office 1996-2096 TXu 715-315 see (1996)

Selected Publications
  1. Song, Y. T., T. Lee, J.-H. Moon, T. Qu, and S. Yueh (2015), Modeling skin-layer salinity with an extended surface-salinity layer, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 120, doi:10.1002/2014JC010346.
  2. Susanto, D. W, and Y. T. Song (2015), Indonesian throughflow proxy from satellite altimeters and gravimeters, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 10.1002/2014JC010382.
  3. Moon, J.-H., and Y. T. Song (2014), Seasonal salinity stratifications in the near-surface layer from Aquarius, Argo, and an ocean model: Focusing on the tropical Atlantic/Indian Oceans, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, doi:10.1002/ 2014JC009969.
  4. Yueh, S., W. Tang, A. Fore, A. Hayashi, Y. T. Song, and G. Lagerloef (2014), Aquarius geophysical model function and combined active passive algorithm for ocean surface salinity and wind retrieval, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119(8), 5360–5379, doi:10.1002/2014JC009939.
  5. Qu, T., Y. T. Song, and C. Maes (2014), Sea surface salinity and barrier layer variability in the equatorial Pacific as seen from Aquarius and Argo, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, DOI: 10.1002/2013JC009375.
  6. Xu, Z. and Y. T. Song (2013), Combining the all-source Green’s functions and the GPS-derived source for fast tsunami prediction – illustrated by the March 2011 Japan tsunami, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech.,
  7. Ford, M., J. M. Becker, M. A. Merrifield, Y. T. Song (2013), Marshall Islands fringing reef and atoll lagoon observations of the Tohoku tsunami, Pur Appl. Geophs., doi:10.1007/s00024-013-0757-8.
  8. Moon, J.-H., Y. T. Song, P. D. Bromirski, and A. J. Miller (2013), Multidecadal regional sea level shifts in the Pacific over 1958–2008, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, doi:10.1002/2013JC009297.
  9. Moon, J.-H. and Y. T. Song (2013), Sea level and heat content changes in the western North Pacific. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 2014-2022, doi:10.1002/jgrc.200.
  10. Song, Y. T., I. Fukumori, C. K. Shum, and Y. Yi (2012), Merging tsunamis of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake detected over the open ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2011GL050767 (Nature Highlights, March 8, 2012).
  11. Galvan, D. A., A. Komjathy, M. P. Hickey, P. Stephens, J. Snively, Y. T. Song, M. D. Butala, and A. J. Mannucci (2012), Ionospheric signatures of Tohoku-Oki tsunami of March 11, 2011: Model comparisons near the epicenter, Radio Sci., 47, RS4003, doi:10.1029/2012RS005023.
  12. Song, Y. T. and T. Qu (2011), Multiple satellite missions confirming the theory of seasonal oceanic variability in the northern Pacific, Marine Geodesy, DOI: 10.1080/01490419.2011.590110.
  13. Song, Y. T. and F. Colberg (2011), Deep ocean warming assessed from altimeters, Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, in situ measurements, and a non-Boussinesq ocean general circulation model, J. Geophys. Res., 116, C02020, doi:10.1029/2010JC006601.
  14. Song, Y. T. and S.C. Han (2011), Satellite observations defying the long-held tsunami genesis theory, D.L. Tang (ed.), Remote Sensing of the Changing Oceans, DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-16541-2, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
  15. Song, Y. T., R. Gross, X. Wang, and V. Zlotnicki (2010), A non-Boussinesq terrain-following OGCM for oceanographic and geodetic applications, Advances in Geosciences, 18 (Ocean Science 2008, Eds. Gan et al.), 63-86.
  16. Fok, H.S., H.B. Iz, C.K. Shum, Y. Yi, O. Andersen, A. Braun, Y. Chao, G. Han, C.Y. Kuo, K. Matsumoto, and Y. T. Song (2010), Evaluation of ocean tide models used for Jason-2 altimetry corrections, Marine Geodesy, 33, 285-303, doi:10.1080/01490419.2010.491027.
  17. Qu, T. and Y. T. Song (2009), Mindoro Strait and Sibutu Passage transports estimated from satellite data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L09601, doi:10.1029/2009GL037314.
  18. Qu, T., Y. T. Song, and T. Yamagata (2009), An Introduction to the South China Sea Throughflow: Its dynamics, variability, and application for climate, Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 47, 3-14.
  19. Song, Y. T. and V. Zlotnicki (2008), The subpolar ocean-bottom-pressure oscillation and its links to ENSO, Int. J. Remote Sensing, Vol. 29 (21), 6091-6107.
  20. Zheng, Q., Y. T. Song, L. H. Lin, X. Hu, J. Meng, and D. Wang (2008), On generation source sites of internal waves in the Luzon Strait, Act Oceanologica Sinica, 27 (3), 38-50.
  21. Xu, Q., Q. Zheng, H. Lin, Y. Liu, Y. T Song, and Y. Yuan (2008), Dynamical analysis of mesiscale eddy-induced ocean internal waves using linear theories, Act Oceanologica Sinica, 27 (3), 60-69.
  22. Zheng, Q., Y. T. Song, C.-R. Ho, and H. Lin (2008), Statistics of internal waves in the South China Sea, Satellite Remote Sensing of South China Sea (ed. A. K. Liu et al), Chapter 4, 67-80.
  23. Song, Y. T., L.-L. Fu, V. Zlotnicki, C. Ji, V. Hjorleifsdottir, C.K. Shum, and Y. Yi (2008): The role of horizontal impulses of the faulting continental slope in generating the 26 December 2004 Tsunami, Ocean Modelling, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2007.10.007.
  24. Song, Y. T. (2007), Detecting tsunami genesis and scales directly from coastal GPS stations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L19602, doi:10.1029/2007GL031681.
  25. Zheng, Q., H. Lin, J. Meng, X. Hu, and Y. T. Song (2007), Sub-mesoscale Ocean Vortex Trains in the Luzon Strait, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C03021, doi:10.1029/2006JC003551.
  26. Zlotnicki, V., J. Wahr, I. Fukumori, and Y. T. Song (2006), The Antarctic Circumpolar Current: seasonal transport variability during 2002-2005, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, doi:10.1175/JPO3009.1.
  27. Song, Y. T. (2006), Estimation of interbasin transport using ocean bottom pressure: Theory and model for Asian marginal seas, J. Geophys. Res., 111, C11S19, doi:10.1029/2005JC003189.
  28. Zheng, Q., R. Dwi Susanto, Chung-Ru Ho, Y. T. Song, and Qing Xu (2006), Statistical and dynamical analyses of generation mechanisms of solitary internal waves in the northern South China Sea, JGR-Oceans, 112,
    C03021, doi:10.1029/2006JC003551.
  29. Zheng, Q., G. Fang, and Y. T. Song (2006), Introduction to special section: Dynamics and circulation of the Yellow, East, and South China Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 111, C11S01, doi:10.1029/2005JC003261.
  30. Song, Y. T. and T. Y. Hou (2006), Parametric vertical coordinate formulation for multiscale, Boussinesq, and non-Boussinesq ocean modeling, Ocean Modelling. Doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2005.01.001.
  31. Song, Y. T., C. Ji, L.-L. Fu, V. Zlotnicki, C.K. Shum, Y. Yi, and V. Hjorleifsdottir (2005), The 26 December 2004 Tsunami Source Estimated from Satellite Radar Altimetry and Seismic Waves, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, doi:10.1029/2005GL023683.
  32. Wang, P., Y. T. Song, Y. Chao, and H. Zhang (2005), Parallel
    computation of the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS), International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, Volume 19, No. 4, 375-385, UCRL-JRNL-211096.
  33. Song, Y. T. and V. Zlotnicki (2004), Ocean bottom pressure waves predicted in the tropical Pacific, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 31, No. 5, L05306, 10.1029/2003GL018980.
  34. Glenn, S. M., Arnone, R., Bergmann, T., Bissett, W. P., Crowley, M., Cullen, J., Gryzmski, J., Haidvogel. D., Kohut, J., Moline, M. A., Oliver, M., Orrico, C., Sherrell, R., Song, Y. T., Weidemann, A., Chant, R., Schofield (2004), The Biogeochemical impact of summertime coastal upwelling in the Mid-Atlantic Bight. J. Geophys. Res., 109 (C12S02), DOI:10.1029/2003JC002265.
  35. Song, Y. T. and Y. Chao (2004), The role of topography in coastal upwelling and cross-shore exchange: A theoretical study, Ocean Modelling, 6(2), 151-176.

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