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 Ocean Circulation And Air Sea Interaction (329B): People
Tong (Tony) Lee's Picture
Address:
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 300-323
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Phone:
818.354.1401
Fax:
818.354.0966
Email Contact:
Curriculum Vitae:

Tong (Tony) Lee
Group Supervisor

Education
  • B.S., Mechanics, Sun Yat-Sen University, China (1984)
  • M.S., Marine Studies, University of Delaware (1989)
  • Ph.D., Oceanography, University of Rhode Island (1994)

Research Interests

Physical oceanography and climate variability: intraseasonal-to-decadal variability in the ocean and the relationships with climate variability, in particular, upper-ocean heat and salt budgets, meridional circulation and heat transport, inter-basin linkages, tropical-extratropical connections, El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) diversity and teleconnections/impacts. Ocean and coupled ocean-atmosphere data assimilation.


Projects

Aquarius Icon Aquarius
Aquarius measures global sea surface salinity to improve the understanding of ocean circulation and the linkage with climate and water cycle.

ISS-RapidScat Icon ISS-RapidScat
The RapidScat on board of the International Space Station measures ocean surface wind speed and direction for weather and climate applications.

SMAP - Soil Moisture Active Passive Icon SMAP - Soil Moisture Active Passive
The Soil Moisture Active Passive Mission provides measurements of soil moisture and its freeze/thaw state as well as sea surface salinity.


Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory
    • Project Scientist for Aquarius satellite mission (2013-present)
    • Supervisor, Ocean Circulation & Air-Sea Interaction Group (2015-present)
    • Supervisor, Oceans and Ice Group (2011- 2015)
    • Principal Scientist (2006-present)
    • Scientist/Research Scientist (1996-2006)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    • Postdoctoral Research Associate (1994-1996)

Selected Awards
  • 2010 NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal
  • 2012 NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal

Selected Publications
  1. Lee, T. 2016: Consistency of Aquarius sea surface salinity with Argo products on various spatial and temporal scales. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 10.1002/2016GL068822. April 2016.
  2. Kidwell, A., T. Lee, Y.-H. Jo, and X.-H. Yan, 2016: Characterization of the variability of the South Pacific Convergence Zone using satellite and reanalysis wind products. J. Clim. 29, 1717-1732. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0536.1.
  3. Durack, P.J., T. Lee, N. Vinogradova, D. Stammer, 2016: Keeping the lights on for global ocean salinity observations. Nature Climate Change. 3, 2228-231. Mar. 2016.
  4. Fournier, S., T. Lee, and M. Gierach, 2016: Seasonal and interannual variations of sea surface salinity associated with the Mississippi River plume observed by SMOS and Aquarius. Remote Sensing. Environ. 180, 431-439.
  5. Llovel, W., and T. Lee, 2015: Importance and origin of halosteric contribution to sea level change in the southeast Indian Ocean during 2005-2013. 42, 1148-1157, Geophys. Res. Lett., DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062611.
  6. Song, Y.T., T. Lee, J.-H. Moon, et al., 2015: Modeling skin-layer salinity: focus on seasonal variability and global means. J. Geophys. Res., 120, 1079–1095. DOI:10.1002/2014JC010346.
  7. Lee, T., G. Lagerloef, H.-Y. Kao, M.J. McPhaden, J. Willis, M. Gierach, 2014: The influence of salinity on tropical Atlantic instability waves. J. Geophys. Res., 119, DOI:10.1002/2014JC010100.
  8. Guan, B, T. Lee, D. Waliser, and D. Halkides, 2014: Aquarius Surface Salinity and the Madden-Julian Oscillation: the Role of Salinity in Surface Layer Density and Potential Energy. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL059704.
  9. Gierach, M.M., J. Vazquez, T. Lee, and V. Tsontos, 2013: Aquarius and SMOS detect effects of an extreme Mississippi River flooding event in the Gulf of Mexico. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50995.
  10. Lee, T., D.E. Waliser, J.-L. Li, F.W. Landerer, and M.M. Gierach, 2013: Evaluation of CMIP3 and CMIP5 wind stress climatology using satellite measurements and atmospheric reanalysis products. J. Clim., 26, 5810-5826, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00591.1.
  11. Lee, T., G. Lagerloef, M.M. Gierach, H.-Y. Kao, SS. Yueh, and K. Dohan, 2012: Aquarius reveals salinity structure of tropical instability waves. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L12610, doi:10.1029/2012GL052232.
  12. Gierach, M.M., T. Lee, DD. Turk, M. McPhadden, 2012: Biological response to the 1997-98 and 2009-10 El Nino events in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L10602, doi:10.1029/2012GL051103.
  13. McPhaden, M., T. Lee, and D. McClurg, 2011: El Niño and its Relationship to Changing Background Conditions in the Tropical Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L15709, doi:10.1029/2011GL048275.
  14. Boening, C., T. Lee, and V. Zlotnicki, 2011: A record-high ocean bottom pressure in the South Pacific observed by GRACE. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L04602, doi:10.1029/2010GL046013.
  15. Lee, T., B. Qiu, S. Hakkinen, et al., 2010: Satellite observations of ocean circulation changes associated with climate variability. TOS, Oceanography. Vol.23, No.4, 70-81.
  16. Lee, T., W. Hobbs, and J. Willis, et al., 2010: Record warming in the South Pacific and western Antarctica associated with the strong central-Pacific El Niño in 2009-10. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L19704, doi:10.1029/2010GL044865.
  17. Lee, T., and M. McPhaden, 2010: Increasing intensity of El Nino in the central-equatorial Pacific. Geophys. Res. Lett., L14603, doi:10.1029/2010GL044007.
  18. Lee, T., T. Awaji, M. Balmaseda, et al., 2010: Consistency and fidelity of Indonesian-throughflow total volume transport estimated by 14 ocean data assimilation products. Dyn. Atmos. Oceans. Doi:10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2009.12.004.
  19. Lee, T., M. Balmaseda, E. Greiner, and D. Stammer, 2009: Ocean state estimation for climate research, TOS, Oceanography, 22, 160-167.
  20. Halkides, D., and T. Lee, 2009: Mechanisms controlling seasonal-to-interannual mixed-layer temperature variability in the southeastern tropical Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 114, C02012, doi:10.1029/2008JC004949.
  21. Lee, T., O. Wang, W.-Q. Tang, and W.T. Liu, 2008: Wind stress measurements from the QuikSCAT-SeaWinds scatterometer tandem mission and the impact on an ocean model. J. Geophys. Res., 113, C12019, doi:10.1029/2008JC004855.
  22. Volkov, D. L., T. Lee, and L.-L. Fu, 2008: Eddy-induced meridional heat transport in the ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2008GL035490.
  23. Lee, T., and M.J. McPhaden 2008: Decadal phase change in large-scale sea level and winds in the Indo-Pacific region at the end of the 20th century. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L01605, doi:10.1029/2007GL032419.
  24. Cabanes, C., T. Lee, and L.-L. Fu, 2008: Mechanisms of Interannual Variations of the Meridional Overturning Circulation of the North Atlantic Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 467-480.
  25. Kim, S.-B., T. Lee, I. Fukumori, 2007: Mechanisms controlling the interannual variation of mixed layer temperature averaged over the NINO3 region. J. Clim., 20, 3822-3843.
  26. Lee, T., and W. T. Liu, 2005: Effects of high-frequency wind sampling on simulated mixed-layer depth and upper-ocean temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 110, C05002, doi: 10.1029/2004JC002746.
  27. Lee, T., 2004: Decadal weakening of the shallow overturning circulation in the South Indian Ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L18305, doi:10.1029/2004GL020884.
  28. Lee, T., I. Fukumori, and B. Tang, 2004: Temperature advection: internal versus external processes. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 1936-1944.
  29. Fukumori, I., T. Lee, B. Cheng, and D. Menemenlis, 2004: The origin, pathway, and destination of NINO3 water estimated by a simulated passive tracer and its adjoint. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 582-604.
  30. Lee, T., and I. Fukumori, 2003: Interannual to decadal variation of tropical-subtropical exchange in the Pacific Ocean: boundary versus interior pycnocline transports. J. Climate. 16, 4022-4042.
  31. Lee, T., I. Fukumori, D. Menemenlis, Z. Xing, and L.-L. Fu, 2002: Effects of the Indonesian Throughflow on the Pacific and Indian Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32, 1404-1429.
  32. Lee, T., J.-P. Boulanger, A. Foo, L.-L. Fu, and R. Giering, 2000: Data assimilation by an intermediate coupled ocean-atmosphere model: application to the 1997-1998 El Nino. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 26063-26087.
  33. Lee, T., and J. Marotzke, 1998: Seasonal cycle of meridional overturning and heat transport of the Indian Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., vol. 28, 923-943.
  34. Lee, T., and J. Marotzke, 1997: Inferring meridional mass and heat transports of the Indian Ocean by fitting a GCM to climatological data. J. Geophys. Res., vol. 102, 10585-10602.
  35. Lee, T., and P. Cornillon, 1996: Propagation and growth of Gulf Stream meanders between 75 and 45W. J. Phys. Oceanogr., vol. 26, 225-241.

For a more comprehensive profile (including community leadership and services, more extensive publications, etc.), please see Dr. Lee's CV.


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