Aquarius measures global sea surface salinity to improve the understanding of ocean circulation and the linkage with climate and water cycle.
The Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS) will measure ocean surface wind speed throughout the life cycle of tropical storms and hurricanes. The goal is a fundamental improvement in hurricane forecasting.
The Estimation of the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (ECCO) produces estimates of the complete time-evolving state of the ocean by synthesizing nearly all extant observations with state-of-the-art models.
The Group for High-Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (SST) (GHRSST) provides a new generation of global high-resolution (<10km) SST products.
The Global Precipitation Mission provides new information on precipitation characteristics and how rain and snow interact within the Earth system.
GRACE, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, provide measurements of the Earth’s gravity field, including the variability of ocean mass.
The RapidScat on board of the International Space Station measures ocean surface wind speed and direction for weather and climate applications.
NASA-ISRO SAR Mission (NISAR)
NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar, or NISAR, is a satellite radar mission run jointly by NASA and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) that will survey Earth’s changing ecosystems, dynamic surface, and ice masses.
OSTM/Jason-2 provides continues the legacies of TOPEX/Poseidon and Jason-1 missions for measuring ocean surface dynamic topography.
SMAP - Soil Moisture Active Passive
The Soil Moisture Active Passive Mission provides measurements of soil moisture and its freeze/thaw state as well as sea surface salinity.
SPURS (Salinity Processes in the Upper Ocean Regional Study)
Salinity Processes in the Upper Ocean Regional Studies (SPURS) are NASA Physical Oceanography field campaigns (including SPURS1 in the Atlantic Ocean and SPURS2 in the Pacific Ocean) with international participations.
The Surface Water Ocean Topography Mission provides measurements of land surface water storage and ocean surface dynamic topography.
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