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 Tropospheric Composition (329I): People
Thomas  Kurosu's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 233-306H
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Curriculum Vitae:

Thomas Kurosu

Dr. Thomas Kurosu received his Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Bremen, Germany in 1997. He joined JPL in 2011, after having worked for more than a decade at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, MA.

Thomas started out in the field of cloud radiative transfer and cloud detection from Earth remote sensing satellite instruments. At the Harvard-Smithsonian, he worked mainly on the retrieval of air quality and halogen trace constituents from observations by the EOS Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument. At JPL, he is involved in several remote sensing projects: CARVE, an aircraft-based mission to observe the release of greenhouse gases from thawing Arctic permafrost, where he is responsible for FTS retrievals of carbon dioxide and methane; GEO-CAPE, NASA's planned geostationary decadal survey mission; and GeoTASO, a UV/visible aircraft instrument for air-quality observations.

Thomas is a member of NASA's EOS Aura and the Korean GEMS Science Teams.

  • Dr. rer nat (Ph.D.) Physics, magna cum laude, University of Bremen, Germany (1997)
  • Diplom Physicist, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany (1991)

Research Interests
  • Satellite and aircraft UV/visible retrievals of air-quality trace gases and halogens
  • Aircraft FTS near-IR retrievals of greenhouse gases
  • Tropospheric composition
  • Geostationary air-quality observations


Aura Icon Aura
Aura (Latin for breeze) was launched July 15, 2004. Aura is part of the Earth Science Projects Division.

CARVE (Carbon in Arctic Reservoirs Vulnerability Experiment) Icon CARVE (Carbon in Arctic Reservoirs Vulnerability Experiment)
CARVE is an airborne mission to measure CO2 and CH4 fluxes from Alaska.

Geo-Cape Icon Geo-Cape
Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Research Scientist (2011 - Present)
  • Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Physicist (1998-2011)
  • Japanese Ministry for the Environment at the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Tsukuba, Japan, Eco Frontier Fellow (1999-2001)
  • Institute of Remote Sensing, University of Bremen, Germany, Research Associate (1997)
  • Institute of Theoretical Elementary Particle Physics, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany, Research Associate (1992)

Selected Awards
  • NASA Group Achievement Award CARVE (2014)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award ARCTAS (2008)
  • AGU Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing, JGR (2008)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award, Aura Project (2005)
  • NASA GSFC Group Achievement Award, Aura Team (2005)

Selected Publications
  1. Development and characterisation of a state-of-the-art GOME-2 formaldehyde air-mass factor algorithm. W. Hewson, M.P. Barkley, G. Gonzalez Abad, H. Bösch, T. Kurosu, R. Spurr, and L.G. Tilstra, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8(10), 4055-4074, 2015
  2. Remote-sensing constraints on South America fire traits by Bayesian fusion of atmospheric and surface data. A. A. Bloom, J. Worden, J. Zhe, H. Worden, T. Kurosu, C Frankenberg, and D. Schimel, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(4), 1268-1274, 2015
  3. Updated Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Ozone Monitoring Instrument (SAO OMI) formaldehyde retrieval. G. González Abad, X. Liu, K. Chance, H. Wang, T.P. Kurosu, and R. Suleiman, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 19-32, 2015
  4. Glyoxal retrieval from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument C. Chan Miller, G. Gonzalez Abad, H. Wang, X. Liu, T. Kurosu, D.J. Jacob, and K. Chance, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 3891-3907, 2014
  5. Improved model of isoprene emissions in Africa using Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) satellite observations of formaldehyde: implications for oxidants and particulate matter, E.A. Marais, D.J. Jacob, A. Guenther, K. Chance, T.P. Kurosu, J.G. Murphy, C.E. Reeves, and H.O.T. Pye, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 7693-7703, 2014
  6. Top-down isoprene emissions over tropical South America inferred from SCIAMACHY and OMI formaldehyde columns, Barkley, Michael P. ; De Smedt, Isabelle ; Van Roozendael, Michel ; Kurosu, Thomas P. ; Chance, Kelly ; Arneth, Almut ; Hagberg, Daniel ; Guenther, Alex ; Paulot, Fabien ; Marais, Eloise ; Mao, Jingqiu, J. Geophys. Res., 118 (12), 6849-6868, DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50552, 2013
  7. Characteristics of tropospheric ozone depletion events in the Arctic spring: analysis of the ARCTAS, ARCPAC, and ARCIONS measurements and satellite BrO observations Koo, J. -H. ; Wang, Y. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Chance, K. ; Rozanov, A. ; Richter, A. ; Oltmans, S. J. ; Thompson, A. M. ; Hair, J. W. ; Fenn, M. A. ; Weinheimer, A. J. ; Ryerson, T. B. ; Solberg, S. ; Huey, L. G. ; Liao, J. ; Dibb, J. E. ; Neuman, J. A. ; Nowak, J. B. ; Pierce, R. B. ; Natarajan, M. ; Al-Saadi, J., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(20), 9909-9922, DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-9909-2012, 2012
  8. The formaldehyde budget as seen by a global-scale multi-constraint and multi-species inversion system, Fortems-Cheiney, A. ; Chevallier, F. ; Pison, I. ; Bousquet, P. ; Saunois, M. ; Szopa, S. ; Cressot, C. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Chance, K. ; Fried, A., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(15), 6699-6721, DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-6699-2012, 2012
  9. Assessing sources of uncertainty in formaldehyde air mass factors over tropical South America: Implications for top-down isoprene emission estimates, Barkley, Michael P. ; Kurosu, Thomas P. ; Chance, Kelly ; de Smedt, Isabelle ; van Roozendael, Michel ; Arneth, Almut ; Hagberg, Daniel ; Guenther, Alex, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 117(D13), CiteID D13304, DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016827, 2012
  10. Isoprene emissions in Africa inferred from OMI observations of formaldehyde columns, Marais, E. A. ; Jacob, D. J. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Chance, K. ; Murphy, J. G. ; Reeves, C. ; Mills, G. ; Casadio, S. ; Millet, D. B. ; Barkley, M. P. ; Paulot, F. ; Mao, J., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(14), 6219-6235, DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-6219-2012, 2012
  11. Characterization of soluble bromide measurements and a case study of BrO observations during ARCTAS, Liao, J. ; Huey, L. G. ; Scheuer, E. ; Dibb, J. E. ; Stickel, R. E. ; Tanner, D. J. ; Neuman, J. A. ; Nowak, J. B. ; Choi, S. ; Wang, Y. ; Salawitch, R. J. ; Canty, T. ; Chance, K. ; Kurosu, T. ; Suleiman, R. ; Weinheimer, A. J. ; Shetter, R. E. ; Fried, A. ; Brune, W. ; Anderson, B. ; Zhang, X. ; Chen, G. ; Crawford, J. ; Hecobian, A. ; Ingall, E. D., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(3), 1327-1338, DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-1327-2012, 2012
  12. Analysis of satellite-derived Arctic tropospheric BrO columns in conjunction with aircraft measurements during ARCTAS and ARCPAC, Choi, S. ; Wang, Y. ; Salawitch, R. J. ; Canty, T. ; Joiner, J. ; Zeng, T. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Chance, K. ; Richter, A. ; Huey, L. G. ; Liao, J. ; Neuman, J. A. ; Nowak, J. B. ; Dibb, J. E. ; Weinheimer, A. J. ; Diskin, G. ; Ryerson, T. B. ; da Silva, A. ; Curry, J. ; Kinnison, D. ; Tilmes, S. ; Levelt, P. F., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(3), 1255-1285, DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-1255-2012, 2012
  13. Multi-spectral sensitivity studies for the retrieval of tropospheric and lowermost tropospheric ozone from simulated clear-sky GEO-CAPE measurements, Natraj, Vijay ; Liu, Xiong ; Kulawik, Susan ; Chance, Kelly ; Chatfield, Robert ; Edwards, David P. ; Eldering, Annmarie ; Francis, Gene ; Kurosu, Thomas ; Pickering, Kenneth ; Spurr, Robert ; Worden, Helen, Atmospheric Environment, 45(39), 7151-7165, DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.09.014, 2011
  14. Retrievals of sulfur dioxide from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment 2 (GOME-2) using an optimal estimation approach: Algorithm and initial validation, Nowlan, C. R. ; Liu, X. ; Chance, K. ; Cai, Z. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Lee, C. ; Martin, R. V., Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 116(D18), CiteID D18301, DOI: 10.1029/2011JD015808, 2011
  15. Can a “state of the art” chemistry transport model simulate Amazonian tropospheric chemistry?, Barkley, Michael P. ; Palmer, Paul I. ; Ganzeveld, Laurens ; Arneth, Almut ; Hagberg, Daniel ; Karl, Thomas ; Guenther, Alex ; Paulot, Fabien ; Wennberg, Paul O. ; Mao, Jingqiu ; Kurosu, Thomas P. ; Chance, Kelly ; Müller, J. -F. ; de Smedt, Isabelle ; van Roozendael, Michel ; Chen, Dan ; Wang, Yuxuan ; Yantosca, Robert M., Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 116(D16), CiteID D16302, DOI: 10.1029/2011JD015893, 2011
  16. The unique OMI HCHO/NO2 feature during the 2008 Beijing Olympics: Implications for ozone production sensitivity, Witte, J. C. ; Duncan, B. N. ; Douglass, A. R. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Chance, K. ; Retscher, C., Atmospheric Environment, Volume 45, Issue 18, p. 3103-3111, DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.03.015, 2011
  17. Formaldehyde columns from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument: Urban versus background levels and evaluation using aircraft data and a global model, Boeke, Nicholas L. ; Marshall, Julian D. ; Alvarez, Sergio ; Chance, Kelly V. ; Fried, Alan ; Kurosu, Thomas P. ; Rappenglück, Bernhard ; Richter, Dirk ; Walega, James ; Weibring, Petter ; Millet, Dylan B., Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 116(D5), CiteID D05303, DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014870, 2011
  18. Application of satellite observations for timely updates to global anthropogenic NO<SUB>x</SUB> emission inventories, Lamsal, L. N. ; Martin, R. V. ; Padmanabhan, A. ; van Donkelaar, A. ; Zhang, Q. ; Sioris, C. E. ; Chance, K. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Newchurch, M. J., Geophysical Research Letters, 38(5), CiteID L05810, DOI: 10.1029/2010GL046476, 2011
  19. Global satellite analysis of the relation between aerosols and short-lived trace gases, Veefkind, J. P. ; Boersma, K. F. ; Wang, J. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Krotkov, N. ; Chance, K. ; Levelt, P. F., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(3), 255-1267, DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-1255-2011, 2011
  20. A New Interpretation of Total Column BrO during Arctic Spring, R.J. Salawitch, T. Canty, T. Kurosu, and 38 additional co-authors, Frontier Article, Geophys. Res. Let 37, doi:10.1029/2010GL043798, 2010
  21. Estimating European volatile organic compound emissions using satellite obsrvations of fomaldehyde from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument, G. Curci, P.I. Palmer, T.P. Kurosu, K. Chance, and G. Visconti, Atmos. Chem. Phys., acp-2010-516,  2010
  22. Ozone profile retrievals from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument, X. Liu, P.K. Bhartia, K. Chance, R.J.D. Spurr, and T.P. Kurosu, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 2521-2537, 2010
  23. Validation of Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) ozone profiles and stratospheric ozone columns with Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) measurements, X. Liu, P.K. Bhartia, K. Chance, L. Froidevaux, R.J.D. Spurr, and T.P. Kurosu, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 9, 24,913-24,943, 2009
  24. Net ecosystem fluxes of isoprene over tropical South America inferred from Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) observations of HCHO columns, M.P. Barkley, P.I. Palmer, U. Kuhn, J. Kesselmeier, K. Chance, T.P. Kurosu, R.V. Martin, D. Helmig, and A. Guenther, J. Geophys. Res. 113 (D20) D20304, 2008
  25. Spatial distribution of isoprene emissions from North America derived from formaldehyde column measurements by the OMI satellite sensor, D.B. Millet, D.J. Jacob, K.F. Boersma, T.-M. Fu, T.P. Kurosu, K. Chance, C.L. Heald, and A. Guenther, J. Geophsys. Res. 113 (D2) D02307, 2008
  26. Impact of using different ozone cross sections on ozone profile retrievals from Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) ultraviolet measurements, X. Liu, K. Chance, C.E. Sioris, and T.P. Kurosu, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 3571-3578, 2007
  27. Interpreting satellite column observations of formaldehyde over tropical South America, P.I. Palmer, P.I., M.P. Barkley, T.P. Kurosu, A.C. Lewis, J.E. Saxton, K. Chance, L.V. Gatti, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A., 365 (1856), 2007
  28. First observations of iodine oxide from space, A. Saiz-Lopez, K. Chance, X. Liu, T.P. Kurosu, and S.P. Sander, Geophys. Res. Let. 34 (12) L12812, 2007
  29. Improved ozone profile retrievals from GOME data with degradation correction in reflectance, X. Liu, K. Chance, and T.P. Kurosu, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 1575-1583, 2007
  30. Intercomparison of GOME, ozonesonde, and SAGE II measurements of ozone: Demonstration of the need to homogenize available ozonesonde data sets, X. Liu, K. Chance, C.E. Sioris, T.P. Kurosu, and M.J. Newchurch, J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D14) D14305, doi:10.1029/2005JD006718, 2006
  31. Latitudinal and vertical distribution of bromine monoxide in the lower stratosphere from Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography limb scattering measurements, C.E. Sioris, L.J. Kovalenko, C.A. McLinden, R.J. Salawitch, M. van Roozendael, F. Goutail, M. Dorf, K. Pfeilsticker, K. Chance, C. von Savigny, X. Liu, T.P. Kurosu, J.-P. Pommereau, H. Bösch, and J. Frerick, J. Geophys. Res. 111 (D14), D14301, doi:10.1029/2005JD006479, 2006
  32. Quantifying the seasonal and interannual variability of North American isoprene emissions using satellite observations of the formaldehyde column, P.I. Palmer, D.S. Abbot, T-M. Fu, D.J. Jacob, K. Chance, T.P. Kurosu, A. Guenther, C. Wiedinmyer, J.C. Stanton, M.J. Pilling, S.N. Pressley, B. Lamb, and A.L. Sumner, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D12315, doi:10.1029/2005JD006689, 2006
  33. Tropospheric ozone profiles from a ground-based ultraviolet spectrometer: A new retrieval method, X. Liu, K. Chance, C.E. Sioris, M.J. Newchurch, and T.P. Kurosu, Appl. Opt., 45(10), 2352-2359, 2006
  34. First directly-retrieved global distribution of tropospheric column ozone from GOME: Comparison with the GEOS-CHEM model, X. Liu, K. Chance, C.E. Sioris, T.P. Kurosu, R.J.D. Spurr, R.V. Martin, T.-M. Fu, J.A. Logan, D.J. Jacob, P.I. Palmer, M.J. Newchurch, I.A. Megretskaia, and R.B. Chatfield, J. Geophys. Res. 111, D02308, doi:10.1029/2005JD006564, 2006
  35. Ozone profile and tropospheric ozone retrievals from Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment: Algorithm description and validation, X. Liu, K. Chance, C.E. Sioris, R.J.D. Spurr, T.P. Kurosu, R.V. Martin, and M.J. Newchurch, J. Geophys. Res. 110, D20307, doi:10.1029/2005JD006240, 2005

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