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 Tropospheric Composition (329I): People
Thomas  Kurosu's Picture
Address:
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 233-306H
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Phone:
818.354.2432
Fax:
818.354.3223
Curriculum Vitae:

Thomas Kurosu

Thomas Kurosu is a member of the Tropospheric Composition Group in the Earth Science Section at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He is actively involved in the retrieval of atmospheric trace gases related to air quality and ozone depletion from satellite and aircraft instruments, where is expertise lies in the development of spectral retrieval algorithms. His past research activities include the retrieval of greenhouse gases in the Alaskan Arctic from the aircraft-based near-IR CARVE-FTS, satellite-based cloud detection, and cloud radiative transfer. Thomas recently joined the OCO-3 team for the realization of CO2 observations from the International Space Station. He is also involved in projects studying tropospheric ozone observation and the development of a long-term data record of chlorophyll fluorescence. One of his pet projects is the development of a tessellation tool for smart data mapping and data averaging.


Education
  • Dr. rer nat (Ph.D.) Physics, magna cum laude, University of Bremen, Germany (1997)
  • Diplom Physicist, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany (1991)

Research Interests
  • Satellite and aircraft UV/visible retrievals of air-quality trace gases and halogens
  • Aircraft FTS near-IR retrievals of greenhouse gases
  • Tropospheric composition
  • Geostationary air-quality observations

Projects

OCO-3 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3 Icon OCO-3 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3

The Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3, or OCO-3, is a future space instrument designed to investigate important questions about the distribution of carbon dioxide on Earth as it relates to growing urban populations...


Aura Icon Aura
Aura (Latin for breeze) was launched July 15, 2004. Aura is part of the Earth Science Projects Division.

CARVE (Carbon in Arctic Reservoirs Vulnerability Experiment) Icon CARVE (Carbon in Arctic Reservoirs Vulnerability Experiment)
CARVE is an airborne mission to measure CO2 and CH4 fluxes from Alaska.

Geo-Cape Icon Geo-Cape
Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events


Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Research Scientist (2011 - Present)
  • Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Physicist (1998-2011)
  • Japanese Ministry for the Environment at the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES), Tsukuba, Japan, Eco Frontier Fellow (1999-2001)
  • Institute of Remote Sensing, University of Bremen, Germany, Research Associate (1997)
  • Institute of Theoretical Elementary Particle Physics, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany, Research Associate (1992)

Community Service
  • Reviewer for Journal Articles (J. Geophys. Res., Atmos. Meas. Tech., Atmos. Chem. Phys, Phys. Rev.)
  • Reviewer for California's South Coast Air Quality Management District (AQMD)
  • Reviewer for grant proposals (NASA)

Selected Awards
  • NASA Group Achievement Award OCO-2 CFIS Team (2016)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award CARVE Implementation Team (2016)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award ARCTAS Team (2008)
  • American Geophysical Union Editor's Citation for Excellence in Refereeing, Journal of Geophysical Research (2008)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award, Aura Project (2005)
  • NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Group Achievement Award, Aura Team (2005)
  • Smithsonian Institution Award in Official Recognition of Special Achievement (2003)

Selected Publications
  1. Link between Arctic tropospheric bromine explosion and sea salt aerosols from blowing snow investigated using NASA's Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) BrO data and GEOS-5 model, S. Choi, J. Joiner, N. Theyus, R.J. Salawitch, P.A. Wales, T.P. Canty, K. Chance, R. Suleiman, S.P. Palm, R.I. Cullather, A.S. Darmenov, A. Da Silva, T.P. Kurosu, F. Hendrick, and M. Van Roozendael, J. Geophys. Res., 2018
  2. Spatial variability in tropospheric peroxyacetyl nitrate in the tropics from infrared satellite observations in 2005 and 2006, V.H. Payne, E.V. Fischer, J.R. Worden, Z. Jiang, L. Zhu, T.P. Kurosu, and S.S. Kulawik, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6341-6351, 2017
  3. OMI air-quality monitoring of the Middle East, M. Barkley, G. Gonzalez Abad, T.P. Kurosu, R. Spurr, S. Torbatian, and C. Lerot, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 4687-4709, 2017
  4. Sensitivity of formaldehyde (HCHO) column measurements from a geostationary satellite to aerosol temporal variation in East Asia, H.-A. Kwon, R.J. Park, J.I. Jeong, S. Lee, G. Gonzalez Abad, T.P. Kurosu, P.I. Palmer, and K. Chance, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 4673-4686, 2017
  5. Development and characterisation of a state-of-the-art GOME-2 formaldehyde air-mass factor algorithm. W. Hewson, M.P. Barkley, G. Gonzalez Abad, H. Bösch, T. Kurosu, R. Spurr, and L.G. Tilstra, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8(10), 4055-4074, 2015
  6. Remote-sensing constraints on South America fire traits by Bayesian fusion of atmospheric and surface data. A. A. Bloom, J. Worden, J. Zhe, H. Worden, T. Kurosu, C Frankenberg, and D. Schimel, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42(4), 1268-1274, 2015
  7. Updated Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Ozone Monitoring Instrument (SAO OMI) formaldehyde retrieval. G. González Abad, X. Liu, K. Chance, H. Wang, T.P. Kurosu, and R. Suleiman, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 19-32, 2015
  8. Glyoxal retrieval from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument C. Chan Miller, G. Gonzalez Abad, H. Wang, X. Liu, T. Kurosu, D.J. Jacob, and K. Chance, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 3891-3907, 2014
  9. Improved model of isoprene emissions in Africa using Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) satellite observations of formaldehyde: implications for oxidants and particulate matter, E.A. Marais, D.J. Jacob, A. Guenther, K. Chance, T.P. Kurosu, J.G. Murphy, C.E. Reeves, and H.O.T. Pye, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 7693-7703, 2014
  10. Top-down isoprene emissions over tropical South America inferred from SCIAMACHY and OMI formaldehyde columns, Barkley, Michael P. ; De Smedt, Isabelle ; Van Roozendael, Michel ; Kurosu, Thomas P. ; Chance, Kelly ; Arneth, Almut ; Hagberg, Daniel ; Guenther, Alex ; Paulot, Fabien ; Marais, Eloise ; Mao, Jingqiu, J. Geophys. Res., 118 (12), 6849-6868, DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50552, 2013
  11. Characteristics of tropospheric ozone depletion events in the Arctic spring: analysis of the ARCTAS, ARCPAC, and ARCIONS measurements and satellite BrO observations Koo, J. -H. ; Wang, Y. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Chance, K. ; Rozanov, A. ; Richter, A. ; Oltmans, S. J. ; Thompson, A. M. ; Hair, J. W. ; Fenn, M. A. ; Weinheimer, A. J. ; Ryerson, T. B. ; Solberg, S. ; Huey, L. G. ; Liao, J. ; Dibb, J. E. ; Neuman, J. A. ; Nowak, J. B. ; Pierce, R. B. ; Natarajan, M. ; Al-Saadi, J., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(20), 9909-9922, DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-9909-2012, 2012
  12. The formaldehyde budget as seen by a global-scale multi-constraint and multi-species inversion system, Fortems-Cheiney, A. ; Chevallier, F. ; Pison, I. ; Bousquet, P. ; Saunois, M. ; Szopa, S. ; Cressot, C. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Chance, K. ; Fried, A., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(15), 6699-6721, DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-6699-2012, 2012
  13. Assessing sources of uncertainty in formaldehyde air mass factors over tropical South America: Implications for top-down isoprene emission estimates, Barkley, Michael P. ; Kurosu, Thomas P. ; Chance, Kelly ; de Smedt, Isabelle ; van Roozendael, Michel ; Arneth, Almut ; Hagberg, Daniel ; Guenther, Alex, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 117(D13), CiteID D13304, DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016827, 2012
  14. Isoprene emissions in Africa inferred from OMI observations of formaldehyde columns, Marais, E. A. ; Jacob, D. J. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Chance, K. ; Murphy, J. G. ; Reeves, C. ; Mills, G. ; Casadio, S. ; Millet, D. B. ; Barkley, M. P. ; Paulot, F. ; Mao, J., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(14), 6219-6235, DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-6219-2012, 2012
  15. Characterization of soluble bromide measurements and a case study of BrO observations during ARCTAS, Liao, J. ; Huey, L. G. ; Scheuer, E. ; Dibb, J. E. ; Stickel, R. E. ; Tanner, D. J. ; Neuman, J. A. ; Nowak, J. B. ; Choi, S. ; Wang, Y. ; Salawitch, R. J. ; Canty, T. ; Chance, K. ; Kurosu, T. ; Suleiman, R. ; Weinheimer, A. J. ; Shetter, R. E. ; Fried, A. ; Brune, W. ; Anderson, B. ; Zhang, X. ; Chen, G. ; Crawford, J. ; Hecobian, A. ; Ingall, E. D., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(3), 1327-1338, DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-1327-2012, 2012
  16. Analysis of satellite-derived Arctic tropospheric BrO columns in conjunction with aircraft measurements during ARCTAS and ARCPAC, Choi, S. ; Wang, Y. ; Salawitch, R. J. ; Canty, T. ; Joiner, J. ; Zeng, T. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Chance, K. ; Richter, A. ; Huey, L. G. ; Liao, J. ; Neuman, J. A. ; Nowak, J. B. ; Dibb, J. E. ; Weinheimer, A. J. ; Diskin, G. ; Ryerson, T. B. ; da Silva, A. ; Curry, J. ; Kinnison, D. ; Tilmes, S. ; Levelt, P. F., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(3), 1255-1285, DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-1255-2012, 2012
  17. Multi-spectral sensitivity studies for the retrieval of tropospheric and lowermost tropospheric ozone from simulated clear-sky GEO-CAPE measurements, Natraj, Vijay ; Liu, Xiong ; Kulawik, Susan ; Chance, Kelly ; Chatfield, Robert ; Edwards, David P. ; Eldering, Annmarie ; Francis, Gene ; Kurosu, Thomas ; Pickering, Kenneth ; Spurr, Robert ; Worden, Helen, Atmospheric Environment, 45(39), 7151-7165, DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.09.014, 2011
  18. Retrievals of sulfur dioxide from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment 2 (GOME-2) using an optimal estimation approach: Algorithm and initial validation, Nowlan, C. R. ; Liu, X. ; Chance, K. ; Cai, Z. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Lee, C. ; Martin, R. V., Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 116(D18), CiteID D18301, DOI: 10.1029/2011JD015808, 2011
  19. Can a "state of the art" chemistry transport model simulate Amazonian tropospheric chemistry?, Barkley, Michael P. ; Palmer, Paul I. ; Ganzeveld, Laurens ; Arneth, Almut ; Hagberg, Daniel ; Karl, Thomas ; Guenther, Alex ; Paulot, Fabien ; Wennberg, Paul O. ; Mao, Jingqiu ; Kurosu, Thomas P. ; Chance, Kelly ; Müller, J. -F. ; de Smedt, Isabelle ; van Roozendael, Michel ; Chen, Dan ; Wang, Yuxuan ; Yantosca, Robert M., Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 116(D16), CiteID D16302, DOI: 10.1029/2011JD015893, 2011
  20. The unique OMI HCHO/NO2 feature during the 2008 Beijing Olympics: Implications for ozone production sensitivity, Witte, J. C. ; Duncan, B. N. ; Douglass, A. R. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Chance, K. ; Retscher, C., Atmospheric Environment, Volume 45, Issue 18, p. 3103-3111, DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.03.015, 2011
  21. Formaldehyde columns from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument: Urban versus background levels and evaluation using aircraft data and a global model, Boeke, Nicholas L. ; Marshall, Julian D. ; Alvarez, Sergio ; Chance, Kelly V. ; Fried, Alan ; Kurosu, Thomas P. ; Rappenglück, Bernhard ; Richter, Dirk ; Walega, James ; Weibring, Petter ; Millet, Dylan B., Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 116(D5), CiteID D05303, DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014870, 2011
  22. Application of satellite observations for timely updates to global anthropogenic NOx emission inventories, Lamsal, L. N. ; Martin, R. V. ; Padmanabhan, A. ; van Donkelaar, A. ; Zhang, Q. ; Sioris, C. E. ; Chance, K. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Newchurch, M. J., Geophysical Research Letters, 38(5), CiteID L05810, DOI: 10.1029/2010GL046476, 2011
  23. Global satellite analysis of the relation between aerosols and short-lived trace gases, Veefkind, J. P. ; Boersma, K. F. ; Wang, J. ; Kurosu, T. P. ; Krotkov, N. ; Chance, K. ; Levelt, P. F., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(3), 255-1267, DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-1255-2011, 2011
  24. A New Interpretation of Total Column BrO during Arctic Spring, R.J. Salawitch, T. Canty, T. Kurosu, and 38 additional co-authors, Frontier Article, Geophys. Res. Let 37, doi:10.1029/2010GL043798, 2010

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