NASA Logo Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology View the NASA Portal
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
JPL Science
JPL Science Division Home
Planetary Science Planetary Science
Astrophysics & Space Sciences Astrophysics & Space Sciences
Earth Science Earth Science
Center for Climate Sciences (3292)
Earth Surface And Interior (329A)
Ocean Circulation And Air Sea Interaction (329B)
Sea Level And Ice (329C)
Stratosphere And Upper Troposphere (329D)
Atmospheric Physics And Weather (329E)
Terrestrial Hydrology (329F)
Carbon Cycle And Ecosystems (329G)
Laboratory Studies And Atmospheric Observations (329H)
Tropospheric Composition (329I)
Aerosols And Clouds (329J)
Directorate Science Affiliates Directorate Science Affiliates
Open Postdoc Positions Open Postdoc Positions
Brochures Brochures
Highlights Highlights
 Aerosols And Clouds (329J): People
Mark  Richardson's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 233-300
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Email Contact:
Curriculum Vitae:

Mark Richardson

Mark completed his physics degree in the UK, with a Masters’ project in condensed matter physics before moving into climate science at the University of Reading, where he worked on snow measurement techniques. He has published on a variety of climate-change-related topics and now works with the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 satellite, using its reference channel to measure cloud thickness, and the Cloudsat satellite to test our expectations of how clouds and rain interact.

  • MPhys. Physics, University of Durham, UK (2010)
  • PhD Atmosphere, Oceans and Climate, University of Reading, UK (2014)

Research Interests

Remote sensing, climate feedbacks, climate change


CloudSat Icon CloudSat
CloudSat is an experimental satellite that uses radar to study clouds and precipitation from space. CloudSat flys in orbital formation as part of the A-Train constellation of satellites (Aqua, CloudSat, CALIPSO, PARASOL, and Aura).

OCO-2 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory Icon OCO-2 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) is a mission designed to make precise, time-dependent global measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) from an Earth orbiting satellite.

Professional Experience
  • NASA JPL/UCLA JIFRESSE - Research Assistant II (2018-Present)
  • Caltech postdoctoral scholar at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (2015-2018)
  • Postgraduate fellowship at the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, UK (2014)

Selected Publications
  1. Takahashi H, Lebsock MD, Richardson M, Marchand R, Kay JE (2019) “When will spaceborne cloud radar detect upward shifts in cloud heights?” JGR Atmospheres doi: 10.1029/2018JD030242
  2. Li JF, Richardson M, Lee W-L, Fetzer E, Stephens GL, Jiang J, Hong Y, Wang Y-H, Yu J-Y, Liu Y (2019) “Potential faster Arctic sea ice retreat triggered by snowflakes’ greenhouse effect” The Cryosphere doi: 10.5194/tc-13-969-2019
  3. Richardson M, Leinonen J, Cronk HQ, McDuffie J, Lebsock MD, Stephens GL (2019) “Marine liquid cloud geometric thickness retrieved from OCO-2’s oxygen A-band spectrometer” Atmospheric Measurement Techniques doi: 10.5194/amt-12-1717-2019
  4. Li Y-L F, Richardson M, Lee W-L, Hong Y, Jiang J, Fetzer E, Stephens GL, Wang Y-H, Yu J-Y, Liu Y (2018) Potential faster Arctic sea ice retreat triggered by snowflakes' greenhouse effect The Cryosphere Discussions doi: 10.5194/tc-2018-195
  5. Behrangi A, Richardson M (2018) Observed high-latitude precipitation amount and pattern and CMIP5 model projections Remote Sensing doi: 10.3390/rs10101583
  6. Richardson M, Cowtan K, Millar R (2018) "Global temperature definition affects achievement of long-term climate goals" Environmental Research Letters doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aab305
  7. Richardson M, Stephens GL (2018) "Information content of OCO-2 oxygen A-band channels for retrieving marine liquid cloud properties" Atmospheric Measurement Techniques doi: 10.5194/amt-11-1-2018
  8. Li J-L F, Suhas E, Richardson M, Lee W-L, Wang Y-H, Yu J-Y, Lee T, Fetzer E, Stephens G, Shen M-H (2018) The Impacts of Bias in Cloud-Radiation-Dynamics Interactions on Central-Pacific Seasonal and El Nino Simulations in Contemporary GCMs Earth and Space Science doi: 10.1002/2017EA000304
  9. Richardson M, McDuffie J, Cronk H, Taylor T, Stephens G (2017) The OCO-2 Oxygen A-Band response to Liquid Marine Cloud Properties from CALIPSO and MODIS. JGR Atmospheres doi: 10.1002/2017JD026561
  10. Li F, Richardson M, Hong Y, Lee W-L,Wang Y-H, Yu J-Y, Fetzer E, Stephens G, Liu Y (2017) Improved simulation of Antarctic sea ice due to the radiative effects of falling snow Environmental Research Letters, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa7a17
  11. Skuce A, Cook J, Richardson M, Winkler B, Rice K, Green S, Jacobs P, Nuccitelli D (2017) Does It Matter if the Consensus on Anthropogenic Global Warming Is 97% or 99.99%? Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society doi: 10.1177/0270467617702781
  12. Hausfather Z, Cowtan K, Clarke DC, Jacobs P, Richardson M, Rohde R (2017) Assessing Recent Warming Using Instrumentally-Homogeneous Sea Surface Temperature Records. Science Advances doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1601207
  13. Li J-L F, Lee W-L, Wang Y-H, Suhas E, Yu J-Y, Richardson M, Fetzer E, Lo M-H, Yue Q (2016) Assessing the Radiative Impacts of Precipitating Clouds on Winter Surface Air Temperatures and Land Surface Properties in GCMs Using Observations. JGR Atmospheres doi: 10.1002/2016JD025175.
  14. Richardson M, Cowtan K, Hawkins E, Stolpe MB (2016) Reconciled climate response estimates from climate models and the energy budget of Earth. Nature Climate Change doi: 10.1038/nclimate3066.
  15. Stephens G, Kahn B, Richardson M (2016) The Super Greenhouse effect in a changing climate. Journal of Climate doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0234.1.
  16. Behrangi A, Christensen M, Richardson M, Lebsock M, Stephens G, Hu man G, Bolvin D, Adler R, Gardner A, Labrigtsen BH, Fetzer EJ (2016) Status of High latitude precipitation estimates from observations and reanalyses. JGR Atmospheres doi: 10.1002/2015JD024546.
  17. Cook J, Oreskes N, Doran P, Anderegg W, Verheggen B, Maibach E, Carlton S, Lewandowsky S, Skuce A, Green S, Nuccitelli D, Jacobs P, Richardson M, Winkler B, Painting R, Rice K (2016) Consensus on consensus: a synthesis of estimates on human-caused global warming. Environmental Research Letters doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/048002
  18. Richardson M, Hausfather Z, Nuccitelli D, Rice K, Abraham J (2015) Misdiagnosis of Earth climate sensitivity based on energy balance model results. Science Bulletin doi:10.1007/s11434-015-0806-z.
  19. Richardson M, Stolpe MB, Jacobs P, Jokimaki A, Cowtan K (2014) Comment on “Quantitatively evaluating the effects of CO2 emission on temperature” Quaternary International doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.04.054.
  20. Richardson M (2013) Comment on "The phase relation between atmospheric carbon dioxide and global temperature" by Humlum, Stordahl and Solheim. Global and Planetary Change 107 226-228 doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.08.011.
  21. Cook J, Nuccitelli D, Green SA, Richardson M, Winkler B, Painting R, Way R, Jacobs P, Skuce A (2013) Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature. Environmental Research Letters 8 (2) doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/024024.
  22. Richardson M, Davenport I, Gurney J (2013) Global Snow Mass Measurements and the Effect of Stratigraphic Detail on Inversion of Microwave Brightness Temperatures. Surveys in Geophysics doi: 10.1007/s10712-013-9263-x.
  23. Nuccitelli D, Cowtan K, Jacobs P, Richardson M, Way R, Blackburn A-M, Stolpe MB, Cook J (2013) Comment on “Cosmic-Ray Driven Reaction and Greenhouse Effect of Halogenated Molecules: Culprits for Atmospheric Ozone Depletion and Global Climate Change” International Journal of Modern Physics B doi: 10.1142/S0217979214820037.

Group Home Page
People in this Group
Group Projects

JPL Privacy Statement Sitemap Contact Site Manager