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Carol  Raymond's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 183-501
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109

Carol Raymond
Manager, Small Bodies Program

  • B.S. (cum laude) in Geology and Physics, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia (1982)
  • M.A. in Geological Sciences, Columbia University, New York (1984)
  • M. Phil in Geological Sciences, Columbia University, New York (1987)
  • Ph.D in Geological Sciences, Columbia University, New York (1989)

Research Interests
Current Research Interests
  • Solar System Evolution - focus on geophysical evolution of Mars, Vesta and Ceres
  • Sun-Earth System - derivation of time-varying terrestrial magnetic fields from satellite magnetic data, GPS observables, and supporting data
  • Solid-Earth/Climate Interactions - quantifying post-glacial rebound in Antarctica and constraining present-day mass balance of the ice sheet


Dawn Icon Dawn
Dawn's goal is to characterize the conditions and processes of the solar system's earliest epoch by investigating in detail two of the largest protoplanets remaining intact since their formations.

Europa Mission Icon Europa Mission

NASA's Europa mission will conduct detailed reconnaissance of Jupiter's moon Europa to investigate whether the icy moon could harbor conditions suitable for life.

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory (1990-present)
    • Manager, Small Bodies Program (2013-present)
    • Deputy Principal Investigator, NASA Dawn Discovery Mission (2002-present)
    • Principal Scientist (2002-present)
    • Study Scientist, Global Earthquake Satellite System (NASA) (2002)
    • Deputy Chief Scientist, NASA New Millennium Program (1995-2001)
    • Research Scientist (1990-2002)
  • Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences - Visiting Associate (1994-1998)
  • Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University (1982-1996)
    • Adjunct Associate Research Scientist (1990-1996)
    • Postdoctorate Research Scientist (1989)
    • Graduate Research Assistant (1982-1989)
  • Columbia University - Teaching Assistant (1984-1987)
  • University of Georgia - Paleomagnetic Laboratory Assistant (1980-1982)

Selected Awards
  • NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal (2013)<.li>
  • NASA Magsat Group Achievement Award (1983)

Selected Publications
  1. Smrekar, S. E., G. E. McGill, C. A. Raymond and A. Dimitriou, Geologic evolution of the Martian dichotomy in the Ismenius area of Mars and implications for plains magnetization, J. Geophys. Res., 109, doi:10.1029/2004JE002260, 2004.
  2. Raymond, C. A., E. R. Ivins, M. B. Heflin and T. S. James, Quasi-continuous global positioning system measurements of glacial isostatic deformation in the northern Transantarctic Mountains, Global and Planetary Change, 42, 295-303, 2004.
  3. Russell, C. T. and 18 others, Dawn: A journey in space and time, Planetary and Space Science, 52, 465-489, 2004.
  4. Studinger, M., G. Karner, R. Bell, V. Levin, C. Raymond, and A. Tikku, Geophysical models for the tectonic framework of the Lake Vostok region, East Antarctica, Earth Plan. Sci. Lett., 216, 663-677, 2003.
  5. Ivins, E. R., C. A. Raymond and T. S. James, Late-Pleistocene, Holocene and present-day ice load evolution in the Antarctic Peninsula: Models and predicted vertical crustal motion, In: Mitrovica, J. X. and L.L.A. Vermeersen, eds., Ice Sheets, Sea Level and the Dynamic Earth, AGU Geodynamics Ser., 29, 133-155, 2002.
  6. Ivins, E. R., X. Wu, C. A. Raymond and C. F. Yoder, Temporal geoid of a rebounding Antarctica and potential measurement by the GRACE and GOCE satellites, In: M.G. Sideris, ed., IAG Symposia 123: Gravity, Geoid and Geodynamics 2000, Springer-Verlag, Heidlberg, 361-366, 2001.
  7. Ivins, E. R., C. A. Raymond and T. S. James, The influence of 5000 year-old and younger glacial mass variability on present-day crustal rebound in the Antarctic Peninsula, Earth, Planets and Space, 52, 1023-1029, 2000.
  8. Raymond, C. A., J. M. Stock and S. C. Cande, Fast Paleogene motion of the Pacific hotspots from revised global plate circuit constraints, In: Richards, M. A., R. G. Gordon and R. D. van der Hilst, eds., The History and Dynamics of Global Plate Motions, AGU Monograph 121, 359-375, 2000.
  9. Heinemann, J., J. Stock, R. Clayton, K. Hafner, S. Cande and C. Raymond, Constraints on the proposed Marie Byrd Land- Bellingshausen plate boundary from seismic reflection data, J. Geophys. Res, 104, 25321-25330, 1999.
  10. Purucker, M., R. Langel, M. Rajaram and C. Raymond, Global magnetization models with a priori information, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 2563-2584, 1998.
  11. von Frese, R. R. B., J. W. Kim, L. Tan, D. E. Alsdorf, C. A. Raymond and P. T. Taylor, Satellite-measured magnetic anomaly fields of the Antarctic lithosphere, In Ricci, C. A., ed., Proceedings of the VII Intl Symp. on Ant. Earth Sci., Terra Antarctica Publication, 1105-1110, 1997.
  12. Raymond, C. A. and R. J. Blakely, Crustal magnetic anomalies, U.S. National Report to the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics. Rev. Geophysics, Supplement, 177-183, 1995.
  13. Cande, S.C., C.A. Raymond, J.Stock and W.F.Haxby, Geophysics of the Pitman Fracture Zone and Pacific-Antarctic plate motions during the Cenozoic, Science, 270, 947-953, 1995.
  14. Raymond, C. A., J. L. LaBrecque and Y. Kristoffersen, Islas Orcadas Rise and Meteor Rise: The tectonic and depositional history of two aseismic plateaus from sites 702, 703, and 704. In. Ciesielski, P. and Kristoffersen, Y., et al., Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 114: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 5-22, 1991.
  15. Ghidella, M. E., C. A. Raymond and J. L. LaBrecque, Verification of crustal sources for satellite elevation magnetic anomalies in West Antarctica and the Weddell Sea and their regional tectonic implications, In Thomson, M. R. A., Crame, J. A. and J. W. Thomson, eds., Geological Evolution of Antarctica, Cambridge University Press, 243-250, 1991.
  16. Brozena, J., J. LaBrecque, M. Peters, R. Bell and C. Raymond, Airborne gravity measurement over sea-ice: The Western Weddell Sea, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1941-1944, 1990.
  17. Raymond, C. A. and J. L. LaBrecque, Geophysical signatures of the Agulhas Ridge and Meteor Rise, Indo-Atlantic Basin, In: Ciesielski, P. and Y. Kristoffersen, et al., Proc. ODP, Init. Repts., 114: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 27-33, 1988.
  18. Raymond, C. A. and J. L. LaBrecque, Magnetization of the oceanic crust: Thermoremanent magnetization or chemical remanent magnetization?, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 8077 8088, 1987.
  19. LaBrecque, J. L. and C. A. Raymond, Seafloor spreading anomalies in the Magsat field of the North Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 2565-2575, 1985.

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