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 Asteroids, Comets & Satellites (3224): People
Kevin  Baines's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 183-601
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
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Kevin Baines

  • B.A. in Physics, Astronomy (with honors, summa cum laude), Amherst College (1976)
  • M.A. in Physics, Washington University (1978)
  • Ph.D. in Physics, Washington University (1982)


Cassini-Huygens Icon Cassini-Huygens
The Cassini-Huygens spacecraft is currently exploring the ringed planet, its mysterious moons, the stunning rings and its complex magnetic environment.

New Horizons Icon New Horizons
New Horizons is the first mission in NASA's New Frontiers program of medium-class planetary missions. It will be the first spacecraft to visit Pluto and its moon Charon.

Venus Express Icon Venus Express
Venus Express is the European Space Agency's first mission to Earth's nearest planetary neighbor, Venus.

Professional Experience
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (1984 - present)
  • Principal Scientist (2003 - present)
  • Co-Investigator, PFS and VIRTIS on Venus Express
  • Research Scientist (1984 - present)
  • Cassini /VIMS Science Team Member
  • Galileo/NIMS Co-Investigator
  • Galileo/NIMS Venus/Earth/Jupiter Atmospheric Science Coordinator

Selected Awards
  • NASA Group Achievement Award - Cassini Solstice Pre-Integration Team (2011)
  • Edward Stone Award for Outstanding Research Publication, JPL (2003)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award-Galileo Orbiter Instrument Design, Dev. and Test (1991)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award-Galileo Ida Encounter/Dactyl Discovery Team (1995)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award-Galileo Orbital Operations Recovery Team (1997)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award-Galileo Project Team (1998)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award-Cassini Research Visible and Infrared Spectrometer Team (1998)
  • Editor's Letter of Commendation, Icarus (1991)

Selected Publications
  1. Baines, K. H., Yanamandra-Fisher, P. A., Momary, T,. W., Orton, G. S., Villar, G. G. III., Fletcher, L. N., Campins, H., Rivkin, A. S., and Shara, M. (2012). The temporal evolution of the July 2009 Jupiter impact cloud. Planet. Space. Sci. in press and Link.
  2. McGouldrick, K., Momary, T. W., Baines, K. H., and Grinspoon, D. H. (2012). Quantification of middle and lower cloud variability and mesoscale dynamics from Venus Express/VIRTIS observations at 1.74 μm. Icarus 217, 615-628. Doi:10.106/j.icarus.2011.07.009.
  3. Wilson, C. F., Chassefière, E., Hinglais, E., Baines, K. H., Balint, T., Berthelier, J.-J., Blamont, J., Durry, G., Ferencz, C. S.., Grimm, R., Imamura, T., Josset, J.-L., Leblanc, F., Lebonnois, S., Leitner, J., Limaye, S., Marty, B., Palomba, E., Pogrebenko, S., Rafkin, S., C. R., Talboys, D. L., Wieler, R., Zasova, L. V., Szopa, C., and the EVE Team. (2011). The 2010 European Venus Explorer (EVE) mission proposal. Exp. Astron. DOI 10.1007/s10686-011-9259-9.
  4. Fletcher, L. N., Hesman, B. E., Irwin, P. G. J., Baines, K. H., Momary, T. W., Sanchez-Lavega, A., Flasar, F. M., Read, P. L., Orton, G. S., Simon-Miller, A., Hueso, R., Bjoraker, G., Marmoutkine. A, del Rio-Gaztelurrutia, T., Gomez, J. M., Brown, R. H., Buratti, B., Clark, R. N., Nicholson, P. D., and Sotin, C. (2011). Thermal structure and dynamics of Saturn's northern springtime disturbance. Science 332, 1413-1417.
  5. West, R. A., Baines, K. H., Karkoschka, E., and Sánchez-Lavega, A. (2009). Clouds and aerosols in Saturn's atmosphere. In Saturn from Cassini-Huygens (M. K. Dougherty, L. W. Esposito, and S. M. Krimigis, Eds). Springer, Pp. 161-179.
  6. Del Genio, A. D., Achterberg, R. K., Baines, K. H., Flasar, F. M., Read, P. L., Sánchez-Lavega, A., and Showman, A. P. (2009). Saturn atmospheric structure and dynamics. In Saturn from Cassini-Huygens (M. K. Dougherty, L. W. Esposito, and S. M. Krimigis, Eds). Springer, Pp. 113-159.
  7. Orton, G. S., Baines, K. H., Cruikshank, D., Cuzzi, J. N., Krimigis, S. M., Miller, S., and Lellouch, E. (2009). Review of knowledge prior to the Cassini-Huygens mission and concurrent research. In Saturn from Cassini-Huygens (M. K. Dougherty, L. W. Esposito, and S. M. Krimigis, Eds). Springer, Pp. 9-54.
  8. Flasar, F. M., Baines, K. H., Bird, M. K., Tukano, T., and West, R. A. (2009). Atmospheric Dynamics and meteorology. In Titan from Cassini Huygens (R. H. Brown, J.-P. Lebreton, J. H. Waite, Eds). Springer, Pp. 323-352.
  9. Baines, K. H., Momary, T. W., Fletcher, L. N., Showman, A. P., Roos-Serote, M., Brown, R. H., Buratti, B. J., Clark, R. N., and Nicholson, P. D. (2009). Saturn's north polar cyclone and hexagon at depth revealed by Cassini/VIMS. Planetary and Space Sci. 57, 1671-1681. doi: 10.1016/j.pss.2009.06.026.
  10. Baines, K. H., Delitsky, M. L., Momary, T. W., Brown, R. H., Buratti, B. J., Clark, R. N., and Nicholson, P. D. (2009). Storm clouds on Saturn: Lightning-induced chemistry and associated materials consistent with Cassini/VIMS spectra. Planetary and Space Sci. 57, 1650-1658. doi:10:1016/j.pss.2009.06.025.
  11. McGouldrick, K., Baines, K. H., Momary, T. W., and Grinspoon, D. H. (2009), Venus Express/VIRTIS observations of middle and lower cloud variability, and implications for dynamics. JGR-Planets, 114 E00B14, doi:10.1029/2008JE003113.
  12. Reuter, D. C., Simon-Miller, A. A., Lunsford, A., Baines, K. H., Cheng, A. F., Jennings, D. E., Olkin, C.B., Spencer, J. R., Stern, S. A.,Weaver, H. A. and Young, L A. (2007). Jupiter cloud composition, stratification, convection, and wave motion: A view from New Horizons. Science 318, 223-225.
  13. Baines, K. H., Simon-Miller, A. A., Orton, G. S., Weaver, H. A., Lunsford, A., Momary, T. W., Spencer, J., Cheng, A. F., Reuter, D. C., Jennings, D. E., Gladstone, G. R., Moore, J., Stern, S. A., Young, L. A., Throop, H., Yanamandra-Fisher, P., Fisher, B. M., Hora, J., and Ressler, M. E. (2007). Polar lightning and decadal-scale cloud variability on Jupiter Science 318, 226-229.
  14. Baines, K. H., Atreya, S. K., Carlson, R. W., Crisp, D., Grinspoon, D., Russell, C. T., Schubert, G. and Zahnle, K. (2007). Experiencing Venus: Clues to the origin, evolution, and chemistry of terrestrial planets via in-situ exploration of our sister world. In Exploring Venus as a Terrestrial Planet (L. W. Esposito, E. R. Stofan, and T. E. Cravens, Eds). Geophysical Monograph 176, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC. pp. 171-189.
  15. Baines, K. H., Drossart, P., Lopez-Valverde, M., Atreya, S. K., Sotin, C., Momary, T., Brown, R. H., Buratti, B. J., Clark, R. N., and Nicholson, P. D. (2006). On the discovery of CO nighttime emissions on Titan by Cassini/VIMS: Derived stratospheric abundances and geological implications. Planetary and Space Sci. 54, 1552-1562.
  16. Baines, K. H., S. Atreya, R. W. Carlson, D. Crisp, P. Drossart, V. Formisano, S. S. Limaye, W. J. Markiewicz, G. Piccioni (2005). To the Depths of Venus: Exploring the deep atmosphere and surface of our sister world with Venus Express. Planetary and Space Sci. 54, 1263-1278.
  17. Brown, R. H., R. N. Clark, B. J. Buratti, D. P. Cruikshank, J. W. Barnes, R. M. E. Mastrapa, J. Bauer, S. Newman, T. Momary, K. H. Baines, G. Bellucci, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerroni et al. (2005). Composition and physical properties of Enceladus' surface. Science 311,1425-1428.
  18. Griffith, C. A., P. Penteado, K. Baines, P. Drossart, J. Barnes, G. Bellucci, J. Bibring, R. Brown, B. Buratti, F. Capaccioni, P. Cerrroni, R. Clark, M. Combes, A. Coradini, D. Cruikshank, V. Formisano, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, D. Matson, T. McCord, V. Mennella, R. Nelson, P. Nicholson, B. Sicaardy, C. Sotin, L. A. Soderblom, and R. Kursinski (2005). The evolution of Titan's mid-latitude clouds. Science 310, 474-477.
  19. Baines, K. H., P. Drossart, T.W. Momary, V. Formisano. C. Griffith, G. Bellucci, J. P. Bibring, R.H. Brown, B.J. Buratti , F. Capaccioni , P. Cerroni , R.N. Clark, A. Coradini, D.P. Cruikshank, R. Jaumann, Y. Langevin, D.L. Matson, T.B. McCord, V. Mennella, R.M. Nelson, P.D. Nicholson, B. Sicardy, C. Sotin (2005). The Atmospheres of Saturn and Titan in the Near-Infrared: First Results of Cassini/VIMS. Earth, Moon, and Planets 96, 119-147.
  20. Atreya, S. K., A. S. Wong, K.H. Baines, M. H. Wong, T. C. Owen. (2005). Jupiters ammonia clouds-localized or ubiquitous? Planetary and Space Science, 53, 498-507.
  21. Brown, R. A., Baines, K. H., Bellucci, G., Bibring, J.-P., Buratti, B. J., Capacionni, F., Cerroni, P., Clark, R. N., Coradini, A., Cruikshank, D. P., Drossart, P., Formisano, V., Jaumann, R. Langevin, Y.,Matson, D.L., McCord, T.B., Mennella, V.,Miller, E.,Nelson, R.M., Nicholson, P.D., Sicardy, B.,and Sotin, C. (2004). The Cassini Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer Investigation. Space Sci. Rev. 115, 1-4, 111-168.
  22. West, R. A., Baines, K. H., Banfield, D., Friedson, A. J. and Ragent, B. (2004). Jovian clouds and haze. In Jupiter: Planet, Satellites, and Magnetosphere (F. Bagenal, T. Dowling, and W.B. McKinnon Eds.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 79-104.
  23. Brown, R. A., Baines, K. H., Bellucci, G., Bibring, J.-P., Buratti, B. J., Capacionni, F., Cerroni, P., Clark, R. N., Coradini, A., Cruikshank, D. P., Drossart, P., Formisano, V. et al. (2003). Observations with the Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) during Cassini's flyby of Jupiter. Icarus 164, 461-470.
  24. Baines, K. H., Carlson, R. W., Kamp, L. W. (2002). Fresh ammonia ice clouds in Jupiter. Spectroscopic identification, spatial distribution, and dynamical implications. Icarus 159, 74-94.
  25. Sromovsky, L. A., Fry, P. M., and Baines, K. H. (2002). The unusual dynamics of northern dark spots in Neptune, Icarus 156, 16-36.
  26. Roe, H., Gavel, P., Max, C., de Pater, I., Gibbard, S., MacIntosh, B., and Baines, K. H. (2001). Near-infrared observations of Neptunes tropospheric cloud layer with the Lick Observatory adaptive optics system. Astron. J. 122, 1636-1643..
  27. Sromovsky, L.A., Spencer, J. R., Baines, K. H., and Fry, P. M. (2000). Groundbased observations of cloud features on Uranus. Icarus, 146, 306-311.
  28. Baines, K. H., Bellucci, G., Bibring, J-P, Brown, R. H., Buratti, B. J., Bussoletti, E., Capaccioni, F., Cerroni, P., Clark, R. N., Coradini, A., Cruikshank, D. P., Drossart, P., Formisano, V., Jaumann, R., et al. (2000). Detection of sub-micron radiation from the surface of Venus by Cassini/VIMS. Icarus 148, 307-311.
  29. Baines, K. H., Yanamandra-Fisher, P., Lebofsky, L. A., Momary, T. W., Golisch, W., Kaminski, C., and Wild, W. (1998). Near-infrared absolute photometric imaging of the Uranian System. Icarus, 132, 266-284.
  30. Baines, K. H., Hammel, H. B., Rages, K. A., Romani, P. N., and Samuelson, R. E. (1995). Clouds and aerosols in the atmosphere of Neptune. In Neptune and Triton (D. P. Cruikshank, Ed.) University of Arizona Press, 489-546.
  31. Baines, K. H., Mickelson, M. E., Larson, L. E., and Ferguson, D. W. (1995). The abundances of methane and ortho/para hydrogen in Uranus and Neptune: Implications of new laboratory 4-0 H2 quadrupole line parameters. Icarus 114, 328-340.
  32. Baines, K. H. and Hammel, H. B. (1994). Clouds, hazes, and the stratospheric methane abundance in Neptune. Icarus 109, 20-39.
  33. West, R.A., Baines, K.H., and Pollack, J.B. (1991). Clouds and aerosols in the Uranian atmosphere. In Uranus. (J.T. Bergstralh and M.S. Matthew, Eds.) University of Arizona Press, 296-324.
  34. Carlson, R.W., Baines, K. H., Encrenaz, T., Taylor, F. W., Drossart, P., Kamp, L. W. et al. (1991). Galileo infrared imaging spectroscopy measurements at Venus. Science 253, 1541-1548.
  35. Baines, K.H., and Smith, W.H. (1990). The atmospheric structure and dynamical properties of Neptune derived from ground-based and IUE spectrophotometry. Icarus 85, 65-108.
  36. Hammel, H.B., Baines, K.H., and Bergstralh, J.T. (1989). Vertical aerosol structure on Neptune: Constraints from center-to-limb profiles. Icarus 80, 416-438.
  37. Baines, K.H., and Bergstralh, J.T. (1986). The structure of the Uranian Atmosphere: Constraints from the geometric albedo spectrum and H2 and CH4 line profiles. Icarus 65, 406-441.

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