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Jorge Pineda

Photo of Jorge Pineda


4800 Oak Grove Drive
M/S 169-507

Pasadena, CA 91109





Curriculum Vitae:

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Member of:

Interstellar and Heliospheric Physics


Principal Investigator of the "The Astrophysics Stratospheric 2.5-m Telescope for High Spectral Resolution Observations at Submillimeter-wavelengths" (ASTHROS) NASA balloon mission.


  • Ph.D., Astronomy, Angelander Institut fuer Astronomie (University of Bonn) and Max Planck Institute fuer Radioastronomie (2007)
  • M.S., Astronomy, University of Chile (2002)
  • B.S., Physics and Astronomy, University of Chile (1996)

Professional Experience

  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena Calif. (2008 - Present)
    • Research Scientist (2011 - Present)
    • Caltech Postdoctoral Scholar, (2010 - 20-11)
    • NASA Postdoctoral Program Fellow (2008 - 2010)
  • Postdoctoral Researcher, Angelander Institutfuer Astronomie (University of Bonn) (2007-2008)

Research Interests

  • Properties of the interstellar medium, star formation, and galaxy evolution.
  • Far-infrared spectroscopic observations of the interstellar medium in the Milky Way and nearby galaxies.
  • Astrochemistry

Selected Awards

  • NASA Group Achievement Award "for using the Herschel Space Observatory C+ line emission observations to trace Hydrogen abundance in the interstellar medium and the relation of the emission to star formation" (2017)
  • NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (2016)
  • JPL Ed Stone Award for Outstanding Publication (2014)
  • JPL RT&D Research Poster Award Recipient (2014)
  • NASA Group Achievement Award (2010)
  • NASA Postdoctoral Program Fellow (2008-2010)
  • Grant MECESUP UCH0118 from Chilean Ministry of Education (2002-2003)

Selected Publications

1. Pineda J.L., Stutzki J., Buchbender C., Koda J., Fischer C., Goldsmith P.F., Glover S.C.O., et al., 2020, "A SOFIA Survey of [C II] in the Galaxy M51. II. [C II] and CO Kinematics across the Spiral Arms", ApJ, 900, 132
2. Pineda, J.L., Horiuchi, S., Anderson, L.D., et al. 2019,”Electron Densities and Nitrogen Abundances in Ionized Gas Derived Using [NII] Fine-structure and Hydrogen Recombination lines”, ApJ , 886, 1
3. Pineda, J L., Fischer, Christian, Kapala, Maria, et al. 2018, A SOFIA Survey of [C II] in the Galaxy M51. I. [C II] as a Tracer of Star Formation, , ApJL, 869, L30
4. Pineda, J. L., Goldsmith, Langer, W. D., et al. 2017, “Characterizing the formation and evolution of molecular clouds in the Magellanic Clouds with [CII]. [CI], and CO”, ApJ, 839, 107
5. Pineda, J. L., Langer, W. D., Goldsmith. 2014, GOTC+ [CII] Galactic Plane Survey II: [CII] as a Tracer of Star Formation, A&A, 570, AA121.
6. Pineda, J. L., Langer, W. D., Velusamy,T., Goldsmith. 2013, GOTC+ [CII] Galactic Plane Survey I: The Global Distribution of ISM Gas Components A&A, 554, A103.
7. Pineda, J.L., Mizuno, N., Röllig, M., et al., Submillimeter line emission from LMC 30 Doradus: The impact of a starburst on a low-metallicity environment, 2012, A&A, 544, A84.
8. Pineda, J. L. Velusamy,T., Langer, W. D., Goldsmith, P. F., Li. D. & Yorke, H.W. 2010. A Sample of [CII] Clouds Tracing Dense Clouds in Weak FUV Fields. A&A, 521, L19.
9. Pineda, J.L., Goldsmith, P.F., Chapman, N.L., Li, D., Snell, R., Cambr´esy, L. & Brunt, C. 2010. The Relation between Dust and Gas in the Taurus Molecular Cloud. ApJ, 721, 686
10. Pineda, J. L., Ott, J., Klein, U., Wong, T., Muller, E., & Hughes, A. 2009. The Influence of Far-Ultraviolet Radiation on the Properties of Molecular Clouds in the 30 Dor Region of the Large Magellanic Cloud. ApJ, 703, 736.
11. Pineda, J.L., Mizuno,N., Stutzki, J., Cubick, M., et al. 2008. Submillimeter Line Emission from LMC N159W: a Dense, Clumpy PDR in a Low Metal licity Environment. A&A, 482, 197.
12. Pineda, J. L., & Bensch, F. 2007. Photon-dominated region modeling of the CO and [CI] line emission in Barnard 68. A&A, 470, 615.
13. Goldsmith, P. F., Langer, W. D., Seo, Y., Pineda, J. L., Stutzki, J., Guevara, C., Aladro, R., Justen, M. (2023). Structure of the W3A Low-density Foreground Region. ApJ, 952(2), 102.
14. Koda, J., Hirota, A., Egusa, F., Sakamoto, K., Sawada, T., Heyer, M., ... Pineda, J. L., ... Watanabe, Y. (2023). Diverse Molecular Structures across the Whole Star-forming Disk of M83: High-fidelity Imaging at 40 pc Resolution. ApJ, 949(2), 108.
15. Orr, M. E., Burkhart, B., Wetzel, A., Hopkins, P. F., Escala, I. A., Strom, A. L., ... Pineda, J. L., ... Loebman, S. R. (2023). Spiral arms are metal freeways: azimuthal gas-phase metallicity variations in flocculent discs in the FIRE-2 cosmological zoom-in simulations. MNRAS, 521(3), 3708-3726.
16. Hamden, E. T., Schiminovich, D., Nikzad, S., Turner, N. J., Burkhart, B., ... Pineda, J.L., ... Kim, D. (2022). Hyperion: the origin of the stars. A far UV space telescope for high-resolution spectroscopy over wide fields. Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems, 8, 044008.
17. Skalidis, R., Tassis, K., Panopoulou, G. V., Pineda, J. L., Gong, Y., Mandarakas, N., ... Kypriotakis, J. A. (2022). H${I}$-H${2}$ transition: Exploring the role of the magnetic field. A case study toward the Ursa Major cirrus. A&A, 665, A77.
18. Stanke, Th., Arce, H. G., Bally, J., Bergman, P., Carpenter, J., ... Pineda, J. L., ... Klein, Th. (2022). The APEX Large CO Heterodyne Orion Legacy Survey (ALCOHOLS). I. Survey overview. A&A, 658, A178.
19. Gim, H. B., Borthakur, S., Momjian, E., Padave, M., Jansen, R. A., ... Pineda, J. L., ... Tumlinson, J. (2021). DIISC-I: The Discovery of Kinematically Anomalous H I Clouds in M 100. ApJ, 922(1), 69.
20. Seo, Y. M., Goldsmith, P. F., Dowell, C. D., Pineda, J. L., Majumdar, L. (2021). Probing Polarization and the Role of Magnetic Fields in Cloud Destruction in the Keyhole Nebula. ApJ, 917(2), 57.
21. Goldsmith, P. F., Langer, W. D., Seo, Y., Pineda, J., Stutzki, J., ... Justen, M. (2021). Interstellar Cloud Conditions Based on 63 μm [O I] Emission and Absorption in W3. ApJ, 916(1), 6.
22. Langer, W. D., Pineda, J. L., Goldsmith, P. F., Chambers, E. T., Riquelme, D., ... Buchbender, C. (2021). The dense warm ionized medium in the inner Galaxy. A&A, 651, A59.
23. Linz, H., Beuther, H., Gerin, M., Goicoechea, J. R., Helmich, F., ... Pineda, J., ... Lezius, M. (2021). Bringing high spatial resolution to the far-infrared. Experimental Astronomy, 51(3), 661-697.
24. Kong, S., Arce, H. G., Feddersen, J. R., Carpenter, J. M., Nakamura, F., ... Pineda, J. L., ... Tanabe, Y. (2021). The CARMA-NRO Orion Survey—Data Release. Research Notes of the American Astronomical Society, 5(3), 55.
25. Virkler, K., Kocz, J., Soriano, M., Horiuchi, S., Pineda, J. L., McNichols, T. (2020). A Broadband Digital Spectrometer for the Deep Space Network. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 251(1), 1.
26. Jones, T. J., Kim, J.-A., Dowell, C. D., Morris, M. R., Pineda, J. L., ... Zweibel, E. G., HAWC+ Science Team (2020). HAWC+ Far-infrared Observations of the Magnetic Field Geometry in M51 and NGC 891. The Astronomical Journal, 160(4), 167.
27. Orr, M. E., Hayward, C. C., Medling, A. M., Gurvich, A. B., Hopkins, P. F., ... Pineda, J. L., ... Su, K.-Y. (2020). Swirls of FIRE: spatially resolved gas velocity dispersions and star formation rates in FIRE-2 disc environments. MNRAS, 496(2), 1620-1637.
28. Wong, T., Hughes, A., Tokuda, K., Indebetouw, R., Onishi, T., ... Pineda, J. L., ... Zahorecz, S. (2019). Relations between Molecular Cloud Structure Sizes and Line Widths in the Large Magellanic Cloud. ApJ, 885(1), 50.
29. Seo, Y, [20 authors], Pineda, J. L., [8 authors], Probing ISM Structure in Trumpler 14 & Carina I Using The Stratospheric Terahertz Observatory 2, 2019, ApJ, submitted , arXiv:1903.09517
30. Langer, W. D.; Goldsmith, P. F.; Pineda, J. L.; Chambers, E. T.; Jacobs, K.; Richter, H., 2018, The nature of molecular cloud boundary layers from SOFIA [O I] observations, A&A, 617, A94
31. Rice, J.S., Federman, S.R., Flagey, N., Goldsmith, P.F, Langer, W.D., Pineda, J.L., Lambert, D. L. et al. 2018, The Connection between Different Tracers of the Diffuse Interstellar Medium: Kinematics ,ApJ, 858, 111
32. Kong, S. [30 authors], Pineda, J. L., [6 authors], “The CARMA-NRO Orion Survey”, ApJS, ApJS, 236, 25.
33. Goldsmith, P.F, Pineda, J.L., Neufeld, D. A., Wolfire, M.G., Risacher, C., Simon, R. 2018, “Velocity Resolved [CII] Emission from Cold Diffuse Clouds in the Interstellar Medium”, 2018, ApJ, 856, 96.
34. Li, D., [13 authors], Pineda, J.L., [3 authors] 2018,”Where is OH and Does It Trace the Dark Molecular Gas (DMG)?” ApJS, 235, 1
35. Wong, T., [18 authors], Pineda, J.L., [2 authors], 2017, “ALMA Observations of a Quiescent Molecular Cloud in the Large Magellanic Cloud”, ApJ, 850, 139
36. Langer, W.D., Velusamy, T., Goldsmith, P.F., Pineda, J.L., [4 authors], 2017, “Ionized gas in the Scutum spiral arm as traced in [N II] and [C II]”, A&A, 607, A59
37. Tang, N., [9 authors], Pineda, J.L., [1 author] 2017, “OH Survey along Sightlines of Galactic Observations of Terahertz C+”, ApJ, 839, 8
38. Velusamy, T., Langer, W., Goldsmith, P., & Pineda, J.L. 2017, “Thermal Pressure in Diffuse H2 Gas Measured by Herschel [C II] Emission and FUSE UV H2 Absorption”, ApJ, 838, 165
39. Langer, W.D., Velusamy, T., Morris, M. R., Goldsmith, P.F., & Pineda, J.L. 2017, “Kinematics and properties of the central molecular zone as probed with [CII]” 599, A136
40. Stephens, Ian W.; [9 authors], Pineda, J. L.; [2 authors] 2017, “Stellar clusterings around "Isolated" Massive YSOs in the LMC”, 2017 ApJ, 834, 94
41. Heyer, M.; Goldsmith, P. F.; Yildiz, U. A.; Snell, R. L.; Falgarone, E.; Pineda, J. L., 2016, “Striations in the Taurus molecular cloud: Kelvin–Helmholtz instability or MHD waves?” MNRAS, 461, 3918
42. Langer, W.D., P.F. Goldsmith, & Pineda J.L., 2016, “[CII] and [NII] from dense ionized regions in the Galaxy”, A&A, A&A, 590, A43
43. Goldsmith, P. F., Pineda, J. L., Langer, W. D., et al. 2016,”L1599B: Cloud Envelope and C+ Emission in a Region of Moderately Enhanced Radiation Field” ApJ, 824, 141
44. Goldsmith, P. F., Yildiz, U.A., Langer, W.D., & Pineda, J.L. 2015, Herschel Galactic Plane Survey of [NII] Fine Structure Emission, ApJ, 814, 133
45. Langer, W. D. and Pineda, J. L. [CII] emission from galactic nuclei in the presence of X-rays. 2015, A&A, 580, A5
46. Velusamy, T., Langer, W. D., Goldsmith, P. F., & Pineda, J.L. 2015, Internal structure of spiral arms traced with [C II]: Unraveling the warm ionized medium, HI, and molecular emission lanes, A&A, 578, A135
47. Langer, W. D., Goldsmith, P.F., Pineda, J.L., et al. 2015, Ionized gas at the edge of the Central Molecular Zone, 2015, 576, A1
48. Orr, M., Pineda, J. L., & Goldsmith, P. 2014, Photon-dominated Region Modeling of the [C I], [C II], and CO Line Emission from a Boundary in the Taurus Molecular Cloud ApJ j, 795, 26
49. Anderson, C.N., Meier, D.S., Ott, J., [7 authors], Pineda, J. L., Seale,J. From Gas to Stars in Energetic Environments: Dense Gas Clumps in the 30 Doradus Region Within the Large Magellanic Cloud 2014, ApJ, 793, 37
50. Langer, W.D., Pineda, J.L., & Velusamy, T. The scale height of gas traced by [CII] in the Galactic plane, 2014, A&A , 564, A101.
51. Langer, W. D.; Velusamy, T.; Pineda, J. L.; Willacy, K.; Goldsmith, P. F., A Herschel [C II] Galactic plane survey II: CO-dark H2 in clouds, 2013, A&A 564, 101.
52. Burton, M; [7 Authors], Pineda, J.L., The Mopra Southern Galactic Plane CO Survey, 2013, PASA, 30, 44
53. Goldsmith, P.F., Langer, W.D., Pineda, J.L., & Velusamy, T. 2012,Collisional Excitation of the [C II] Fine Structure Transition in Interstellar Clouds, ApJ,203, 13
54. Seale, J.P., Looney, L.W., Wong, T., Ott, J., Klein, U., Pineda, J.L., The Life and Death of Dense Molecular Clumps in the Large Magellanic Cloud, 2012, ApJ, 751, 42.
55. Velusamy, T., Langer, W.D., Pineda, J.L., & Goldsmith, P.F., [CII] 158 μm line detection of the warm ionized medium in the Scutum-Crux spiral arm tangency, 2012, A&A, 541, L10.
56. Wong, T., Hughes, A., Ott, J., Muller, E., Pineda, J.L., et al, The Magellanic Mopra Assessment (MAGMA). I. The Molecular Cloud Population of the Large Magellanic Cloud, 2011, ApJS, 197, 16.
57. Chapman, N.L., Goldsmith, P.~F., Pineda, J.L., et al, The Magnetic Field in Taurus Probed by Infrared Polarization, 2011, ApJ, 741, 21.
58. Röllig, M. [27 authors], Pineda, J.L., [6 authors] , Photon dominated regions in NGC 3603. [CI] and mid-J CO line emission, 2011, A&A , 525, A8.
59. Langer, W. D., Velusamy,T., J. L. Pineda, Goldsmith, P. F., Li. D. & Yorke, H.W. C+ Detection of Warm Dark Gas in Diffuse Clouds, 2010. A&A, 521, L17.
60. Velusamy,T., Langer, W. D., J. L. Pineda, Goldsmith, P. F., Li. D. & Yorke, H.W., [CII] Observations of H2 Molecular Layers in Transition Clouds, 2010. A&A, 521, L18.
61. Whittet D.C.B., Goldsmith, P.F., Pineda, J.L., 2010. The Uptake of Interestellar Gaseous CO Into Icy Grain Mantles in a Quiescent Dark Cloud. ApJ, 720, 259.
62. Tassis, K.; Christie, D. A.; Urban, A.; Pineda, J. L.; Mouschovias, T. Ch.; Yorke, H. W.; Martel, H. 2010. Do Lognormal Column-Density Distributions in Molecular Clouds Imply SupersonicTurbulence? MNRAS, 408, 1089.
63. Desai, K. M.; Chu, Y. -H.; Gruendl, R. A.; Dluger, W.; Katz, M.; Wong, T.; Chen, C. -H. R.; Looney, L. W.; Hughes, A.; Muller, E.; Ott, J.; Pineda, J. L. 2010. Supernova Remnants and Star Formation in the Large Magellanic Cloud. AJ, 140, 584.
64. Roman-Duval, J. [21 authors], Pineda, J.L., [2 authors] 2010. Dust/gas correlations from Herschel Observations. A&A, 518, 74.
65. Hughes, A.; Wong, T.; Ott, J.; Muller, E.; Pineda, J. L. et al. 2010. Physical properties of giant molecular clouds in the Large Magellanic Cloud. MNRAS, 873.
66. Muller, E., Ott, J., Hughes, A., Pineda, J. L., & Wong, T. 2009. Characterizing the Low-Mass Molecular Component in the Northern Small Magellanic Cloud. ApJ, 712, 1248.
67. Mizuno, Y., [9 authors], Pineda, J.L., [21 authors], 2009. Warm and Dense Molecular Gas in the N159 Region: 12CO J=4-3 and 13CO J=3-2 Observations with NANTEN2 and ASTE. PASJ, 62, 51.
68. Wong, T., [6 authors], Pineda, J.L., [5 authors], 2009. Molecular and Atomic Gas in the Large Magellanic Cloud. I. Conditions for CO Detection. ApJ, 696, 370.
69. Ott, J, Wong, T, Pineda, J.L. et al. The Molecular Ridge Close to 30 Doradus in the Large Magellanic Cloud, PASA, 25, 129.
70. Hitschfeld, M. [22 authors], Pineda, J.L., [9 authors] 2008. 12 CO 4-3 and [CI] 1-0 at the centers of NGC 4945 and Circinus. A&A, 479, 75.
71. Kramer, C. [24 Authors], Pineda, J. L., [7 authors] 2008, Clumpy Photon-Dominated Regions in Carina. I. [C I] and Mid-J CO Lines in Two 4’4’ Fields, A & A, 477, 547.
72. Minamidani, T., [14 authors], Pineda, J. L., [12 authors], 2008. Sub-millimeter Observations of Giant Molecular Clouds in the LMC: Temperature and Density as Determined from J = 3 → 2 and J = 1 → 0 Transitions, Ap. JS, S, 175, 485.
73. Dickinson, C., Casassus, S., Pineda, J. L., Pearson, T. J., Readhead, A. C. S., & Davies, R. D. 2006. An Upper Limit on Anomalous Dust Emission at 31 GHz in the Diffuse Cloud [LPH96] 201.663+1.643. ApJL, 643, L111.