NASA Logo Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology View the NASA Portal
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
JPL Science
JPL Science Division Home
Planetary Science Planetary Science
Astrophysics & Space Sciences Astrophysics & Space Sciences
Earth Science Earth Science
Center for Climate Sciences (3292)
Earth Surface And Interior (329A)
Ocean Circulation And Air Sea Interaction (329B)
Sea Level And Ice (329C)
Stratosphere And Upper Troposphere (329D)
Atmospheric Physics And Weather (329E)
Terrestrial Hydrology (329F)
Carbon Cycle And Ecosystems (329G)
Laboratory Studies And Atmospheric Observations (329H)
Tropospheric Composition (329I)
Aerosols And Clouds (329J)
Directorate Science Affiliates Directorate Science Affiliates
Open Postdoc Positions Open Postdoc Positions
Brochures Brochures
 Laboratory Studies And Atmospheric Observations (329H): People
Carol  Bruegge's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 183-601
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Email Contact:

Carol Bruegge

  • MS, BA Applied Physics, University of California, San Diego (1978)
  • PhD, MS Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson (1985)

Research Interests
  • Terrestrial remote sensing
  • Calibration of remote sensing sensors
  • Radiative transfer
  • Use of ground-truth measurements for validation and calibration of airborne and on-orbit sensors and sensor data


OCO-2 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory Icon OCO-2 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) is a mission designed to make precise, time-dependent global measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) from an Earth orbiting satellite.

Professional Experience
Current activities include:
  • Co-investigators for MAIA, responsible for preflight and on-orbit calibration.
  • On-orbit calibration of the JAXA/ Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) sensor
  • Prelaunch calibration of the Orbital Carbon Observatory (OCO)
  • Principal Investigator responsible for the develop and maintenance of an autonomous vicarious calibration test site, LSpec, at Frenchman Flat. Web based interface provides products used in the radiometric calibration of on-orbit sensors.
  • Co-Investigator on the Earth Observing System (EOS)/ Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) team.
Previously, Carol has provided support in the absolute radiometric calibration of the Landsat Thematic Mapper, and in 2003 was on the selection board for the Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDSM). She has been a Principal Investigator in the First International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Program (ISLSCP) Field Experiment (FIFE), a ground-truth hydrology experiment conducted from 1987 through 1989.

Selected Awards
  • SPACE ACT AWARD, February 22, 2008. NTR 45425: LED Spectrometer (LSpec) autonomous vicarious calibration facility. Carol J. Bruegge, Mark C. Helmlinger, Shannon Jackson.
  • SPACE ACT AWARD, January 5, 2006. NTR 20998: MISR in-flight radiometric calibration process. Carol J. Bruegge, Nadine L. Chrien, Barbara J. Gaitley, Ghobie S. Saghri, Brian G. Chafin.
  • SPACE ACT AWARD, January 5, 2006. NTR 17622: Vicarious calibration of hyper-spectral and multi-angle sensors. Carol J. Bruegge, Robert O. Green, Mark C. Helmlinger, Wedad A. Abdou, and Ronald E. Alley.
  • SPACE ACT AWARD, June 21, 2005 NPO 19048. Use of Spectralon as a diffuse reflectance standard for in-flight calibration of earth-orbiting sensors. Carol J. Bruegge, Albert E. Stiegman, Arthur W. Springsteen.
  • NASA Exceptional Service Medal for development of the MISR on-board calibrator (an individual award and medal). (Aug 8, 2001)
  • Group achievement awards for MISR and AirMISR. (Aug 8, 2001)
  • Intellectual property patent: MISR radiometric calibration software. (Jan 2, 2001)
  • NPO-18431 In-situ atmospheric water-vapor retrieval in support of AVIRIS validation. NASA Tech Briefs Journal award. See NASA Tech Briefs, December 1994, Vol. 18(12), p. 82. (1993)
  • NPO-19048 Stabilization of Spectralon Diffuse Reflectance Material to UV Radiation. NASA Tech Briefs Journal award. (1993)
  • NPO-18023 Atmospheric water mapping with the Airborne Visible/ Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS). NASA Tech Briefs Journal award. (1991)
  • Martonchik, J.V., D.J. Diner, E.D. Danielson, C.J. Bruegge. Application of heterogeneous scene models to retrieval of land surface and atmospheric optical properties from space. Office of Patents and Technology Utilization (OPATU), Item no. 7965, Patent Docket No. D-18440. (1991)
  • AVIRIS Group Achievement Award, NASA (1990)
  • FIFE Group Achievement Awards, NASA (1990)
  • Diner, D.J., J.V. Martonchik, C.J. Bruegge, E.D. Danielson, L.E. Hovland, T.P. Ackerman, R. Davies, S.A.W. Gerstl, H.R. Gordon. Atmospheric and surface observations from EOS with the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer. Achievement Award in Atmospheric Science, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), 28th Meeting: award for paper presentation. (1990)
  • NPO-17622 Preliminary Analysis of Data from AVIRIS. NASA Tech Brief Award for New Technology Development, NASA Tech Briefs Journal award. (1989)
  • Bruegge, C.J. Aerosol optical depth retrieval during FIFE. Achievement Award in Atmospheric Science. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), 27th Meeting: award for paper presentation. (1989)

Selected Publications
  1. Bruegge, Carol J., Wedad A. Abdou, David J. Diner, Barbara J. Gaitley, Mark C. Helmlinger, Ralph A. Kahn, and John V. Martonchik (2004). Validating the MISR radiometric scale for the ocean aerosol science communities. Proceedings of the The International Workshop on Radiometric and Geometric Calibration, December 2-5, 2003, Gulfport, Mississippi. A.A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
  2. Bruegge, Carol J., Nadine L. Chrien, Robert R. Ando, David J. Diner, Mark C. Helmlinger, Wedad A. Abdou, Kurtis Thome (2002). Early validation of Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) radiometric scale. IEEE Trans. Geosci. and Remote Sens., 40(7), 1500-1511.
  3. Bruegge, Carol, Nadine Chrien, David Haner (2001). A Spectralon BRF data base for MISR calibration applications. Remote Sensing of Environment 76, pp. 354-366.
  4. Bruegge, Carol J., Mark C. Helmlinger, James E. Conel, Barbara J. Gaitley, Wedad A Abdou (2000). PARABOLA III: a sphere-scanning radiometer for field determination of surface anisotropic reflectance functions. Remote Sensing Reviews, Vol 19,pp. 75-94.
  5. Bruegge, C.J., V.G. Duval, N.L. Chrien, R.P. Korechoff, B.J. Gaitley, and E.B. Hochberg (1998). MISR prelaunch instrument calibration and characterization results. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens., Vol. 36, pp. 1186-1198.
  6. Bruegge, C.J., N. L. Chrien, R. A. Kahn, J. V. Martonchik, David Diner (1998). MISR radiometric uncertainty analyses and their utilization within geophysical retrievals. Conference issue: New Developments and Applications in Optical Radiometry (NEWRAD '97), Metrologia., 35, 571-579.
  7. Bruegge, C.J., D.J. Diner, and V.G. Duval (1996). The MISR calibration program. J. of Atmos. and Oceanic Tech., Vol. 13 (2), 86-299.
  8. Bruegge, C.J., V.G. Duval, N.L. Chrien, and D.J. Diner (1993). Calibration Plans for the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer(MISR). Metrologia, 30 (4), 213-221.
  9. Bruegge, C.J., A.E. Stiegman, R.A. Rainen, A.W. Springsteen (1993). Use of Spectralon as a diffuse reflectance standard for in-flight calibration of earth-orbiting sensors. Opt. Eng. 32(4), 805-814.
  10. Bruegge, C.J., R.N. Halthore, B. Markham, M. Spanner, and R. Wrigley (1992a). Aerosol optical depth retrievals over the Konza Prairie. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 97(D17), 18743-18758.
  11. Bruegge, C.J., J.E. Conel, R.O. Green, J.S. Margolis, R.G. Holm, and G. Toon (1992b). Water-vapor column abundance retrievals. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 97(D17), 18759-18768.
  12. Carol J. Bruegge, Mark C. Helmlinger, Wedad A. Abdou, John Martonchik, Aslan Demircan Bernhard Geiger, Michael Schaepman, Thomas H. Painter, Bradley E. Paden, and Jeff Dozier (2004). Field measurements of bidirectional reflectance. In "Reflection Properties of Vegetation and Soil-with a BRDF Data base", Wissenschaft und Technik Verlag, Berlin.

Group Home Page
People in this Group
Group Projects

JPL Privacy Statement Sitemap Contact Site Manager