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Earth Science: Projects

The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder, AIRS, is an instrument whose goal is to support climate research and improved weather forecasting.
ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) is an imaging instrument flying on Terra, a satellite launched in December 1999 as part of NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS).
The Airborne Multiangle SpectroPolarimetric Imager (AirMSPI) instrument flies aboard NASA's ER-2 high altitude aircraft.
Aquarius measured global sea surface salinity to improve the understanding of ocean circulation and the linkage with climate and water cycle.
CAMLS (The Compact Adaptable Microwave Limb Sounder)
CAMLS is an engineering model of a submillimeter receiver/spectrometer system that can form the core of a range of next generation space-based microwave limb sounders for atmospheric composition.  CAMLS will be tested in the airborne A-SMLS instrument.
CLARS is an observing facility for the measurement of greenhouse gases and pollutant emissions from sources in the South Coast Air Basin.
CMS Flux (Carbon Monitoring System Flux)
Carbon Monitoring System Flux (CMS Flux) incorporates the full suite of NASA observational, modeling, and assimilation capabilities to attribute CO-2 climate forcing to spatially resolved emissions.
CloudSat is an experimental satellite that uses radar to study clouds and precipitation from space. CloudSat flys in orbital formation as part of the A-Train constellation of satellites (Aqua, CloudSat, CALIPSO, PARASOL, and Aura).
The "Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean" (ECCO) produces descriptions of the complete time-evolving state of the ocean by synthesizing nearly all extant observations with state-of-the-art models.
ECCO-IcES is a project that aims to produce increasingly accurate syntheses of all available global-scale ocean and sea-ice data at resolutions that start to resolve ocean eddies.
ECOSTRESS (ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station)
The ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) mission will study how the worlds ecosystems use water..
EMIT (Earth Surface Mineral Dust Source Investigation)
The Earth Surface Mineral Dust Source Investigation (EMIT) is an Earth Ventures-Instrument (EVI-4) Mission to map the surface mineralogy of arid dust source regions via imaging spectroscopy in the visible and short-wave infrared (VSWIR).
FTUVS instrument at Table Mountain Facility
In order to improve our understanding of key trace gases that control the profile of atmospheric ozone, we develop and operate UV-Visible spectrometers at JPL’s Table Mountain Facility
The Global Precipitation Mission provides new information on precipitation characteristics and how rain and snow interact within the Earth system.
GRACE, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, provided measurements of the Earth’s gravity field caused by melting ice sheets, changing large aquifers and waters.
GRACE Follow-On
GRACE Follow-On, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-On, provides measurements of the Earth’s month-to-month mass variations.
Produces and delivers high-quality, easy-to use data products derived from the GRACE mission.
Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events
The Hyperspectral Thermal Emission Spectrometer
The RapidScat on board of the International Space Station measures ocean surface wind speed and direction for weather and climate applications.
ISSM (Ice Sheet and Sea-level System Model) is a state of the art ice flow modeling software developed at JPL in collaboration with University of California Irvine and Dartmouth College.
Jason-3 continues the time series of ocean surface topography data after TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1 and Jason-2.
Jason-CS / Sentinel-6
Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich, named in honor of the former Director of Earth Science at NASA, continues measuring ocean surface topography, a climate data record of sea level.
Kinetics and Photochemistry Laboratory
This program works toward improving the understanding of reactions and photochemical processes that occur in the atmospheres of Earth and planets.
MAIA represents the first time NASA has partnered with epidemiologists and health organizations to use space-based data to study human health and improve lives.
The Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) instrument provides a unique opportunity for studying the environment and climate of Earth through the acquisition of global multiangle imagery on the daylit side of Earth.
MLS - Microwave Limb Sounder
The Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) experiments measure naturally-occurring microwave thermal emission from the limb (edge) of Earth's atmosphere to remotely sense vertical profiles of atmospheric gases, temperature, pressure, and cloud ice.
With its sweeping 2,330-km-wide viewing swath, MODIS sees every point on our world every 1-2 days in 36 discrete spectral bands.
The MODIS/ASTER (MASTER) airborne simulator is a joint development involving the Airborne Sensor Facility at the Ames Research Center, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the EROS Data Center.
NASA JPL Data Evaluation
Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for Use in Atmospheric Studies
The NASA Energy and Water cycle Study project uses satellite observations to improve predictions of water-related processes in the Earth's climate system.
Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC)
The international Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) is composed of more than 70 high-quality, remote-sensing research stations.
OCO-2 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) is a mission designed to make precise, time-dependent global measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO-2) from an Earth orbiting satellite.
OCO-3 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3, or OCO-3, is a space instrument flying on the International Space Station designed to investigate important questions about the distribution of carbon dioxide on Earth.
OMG (Oceans Melting Greenland)
OMG uses the GLISTIN-A radar to measure Greenland's receding glaciers, air-dropped ocean sensors to measure the nearby oceans, as well as ship-based sonar and airborne gravity to map the depth and shape of the sea floor around the glaciers.
OSTM/Jason 2
OSTM/Jason-2 provides continues the legacies of TOPEX/Poseidon and Jason-1 missions for measuring ocean surface dynamic topography.
The Prototype HyspIRI Thermal Infrared Radiometer is a complete prototype of the HyspIRI Thermal Infrared Radiometer.
PREFIRE (Polar Radiant Energy in the Far-InfraRed Experiment)
The Polar Radiant Energy in the Far-InfraRed Experiment (PREFIRE), externally led by UW-Madison, will quantify the radiative processes effected by changing temperatures in the Arctic.
S-MODE (Sub-Mesoscale Ocean Dynamics Experiment)
S-MODE will test the hypothesis that submesoscale ocean dynamics make important contributions to vertical exchange of climate and biological variables in the upper ocean.
SMAP - Soil Moisture Active Passive
The Soil Moisture Active Passive mission provides measurements of soil moisture, freeze/thaw state, as well as sea surface salinity and ocean wind.
SMILES (Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb Emission Sounder)
The Superconducting Submillimeter-Wave Limb Emission Sounder (SMILES) is a Japanese built instrument for remote sensing of the Earth's atmosphere.
TES (Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer) is one of four science instruments aboard NASA's Aura satellite, which was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California on July 15, 2004.
Tropospheric Ozone Lidar Network (TOLNet)
The primary scientific objective is to provide time/height ozone measurements from near the surface to the top of the troposphere to describe in high-fidelity their spatio-temporal distribution.