The objective of the NASA CMS Flux Pilot Project is to incorporate the full suite of NASA observational, modeling, and assimilation capabilities to attribute CO2 climate forcing to spatially resolved emissions. Achievement of this goal requires identifying atmospheric CO2 signals of anthropogenic emission change against the backdrop of natural carbon cycle variability across a range of time scales. Critical to this project is the development of a framework that can estimate these emissions and their relationship to climate forcing with sufficient spatio-temporal resolution, accuracy, and precision for policy and scientific applications.
CMS will provide both bottom up and top-down estimates and uncertainties for both land surface and oceanic emissions along with prior and posterior CO2 concentrations to the carbon cycle and carbon-climate communities through participation in existing international research activities. The CMS will also work with the applied sciences/policy community to assess the utility of the emissions products to policy goals.