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 Sea Level And Ice (329C): People
Felix  Landerer's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 238-600
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
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Felix Landerer

  • Ph.D., Oceanography, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology / University of Hamburg / Intl. Max Planck Research School on Earth System Modelling (2004-2007);
  • Diploma (M.Sc.), Geophysics, University of Kiel (1998-2004);

Research Interests
  • Analysis of climate-related time-variable gravity (GRACE & geodetic satellites);
  • Evaluation of contributing to global and regional sea level change: steric and non-steric sources, dynamic sea level adjustments, “sea level fingerprints”;
  • Climate change: natural variability and human influence on global and regional sea level;
  • Earth’s water cycle & associated surface mass redistribution;
  • Comparing Earth System Model simulations against observations: rates and patterns of projected sea level changes vs. observations;
  • Earth rotation variations due to atmosphere-ocean-land interactions;


GRACE, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, provide measurements of the Earth’s gravity field, including the variability of ocean mass.

Professional Experience


  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory / California Institute of Technology:
    • GRACE Follow-On Deputy Project Scientist (06/15 – present);
    • Research Scientist  (07/2010 - present);
    • NASA Postdoctoral Fellow (08/2008 - 06/2010);
  • Max Planck Institute for Meteorology (Hamburg):
    • Research Assistant (07/2007 - 07/2008);


  • GRACE Follow-On (Deputy Project Scientist)
  • NASA Sea Level Change Team (NSLCT, 2014)
  • Science Teams: GRACE (Satellite gravimetry) & OST (Satellite altimetry)
  • US CLIVAR AMOC (Task Team 1)
  • MEaSUREs-2012 (PI): Earth’s surface mass changes
  • PI & Co-I (NASA Physical Oceanography);
  • NASA-DOE obs4MIPs Working Group
  • IPCC-AR5 Contributing Author (2013, Chapter-09)
  • National Climate Assessment (NCA) Report Contributing Author (2014)

Selected Awards
  • Obs4MIPS - NASA Honor Award for Group Achievement (2015)
  • Otto Hahn Medal of the Max Planck Society for outstanding scientific achievements (2008);
  • NASA Postdoctoral Fellowship (2008);

Selected Publications

Google Scholar

Research Gate


In Review

  1. Wiese, Landerer (2016), Postprocessing the JPL RL05M GRACE Mascon Solution, WRR.
  2. Scanlon, Zhang, Save, Wiese, Landerer, Long, Longuevergne, Chen (2016), Global Evaluation of New GRACE Mascons Products for Hydrologic Applications, WRR.
  3. Thompson, Hamlington, Landerer, Adikhari, (2016), Are long tide gauge records in the wrong place to measure global sea level rise?, Geophys. Res. Let.
  4. Talpe, M., Nerem, R.S., Lemoine, F., Enderlin, E., Landerer, F.W. (2016), Ice Mass Change in Greenland and Antarctica between 1993 and 2013 from Satellite Gravity Measurements, Geophys. J. International.


  1. Peyser, C. E., J. Yin, F. W. Landerer, and J. E. Cole (2016), Pacific sea level rise patterns and global surface temperature variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL069401.
  2. Thomas, B. F., F. W. Landerer, D. N. Wiese, and J. S. Famiglietti (2016), A comparison of watershed storage trends over the eastern and upper Midwestern regions of the United States, 2003-2015, Water Resour. Res., 52, doi:10.1002/2016WR018617.
  3. Landerer, F. W., D. N. Wiese, K. Bentel, C. Boening, and M. M. Watkins (2015), North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation variations from GRACE ocean bottom pressure anomalies, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL065730.
  4. Bentel, K., Landerer, F.W., Boening, C. (2015), Monitoring Atlantic overturning circulation variability with GRACE-type ocean bottom pressure observations - a sensitivity study, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 12, 1765-1791, doi:10.5194/osd-12-1765-2015.
  5. Volkov, D.L., Landerer, F.W. (2015), Internal and external forcing of sea level variability in the Black Sea, Clim. Dyn. doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2498-0.
  6. Watkins, M. M., D. N. Wiese, D.-N. Yuan, C. Boening, F. W. Landerer (2015), Improved methods for observing Earth's time variable mass distribution with GRACE, JGR Solid Earth, 10.1002/2014JB011547.
  7. Fu, Y., D. F. Argus, and F. W. Landerer (2015), GPS as an independent measurement to estimate terrestrial water storage variations in Washington and Oregon, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 120, 552-566, doi:10.1002/2014JB011415.
  8. W. Llovel, J.K. Willis, F.W. Landerer and I. Fukumori (2014), Deep-ocean contribution to sea level and energy budget not detectable over the past decade, Nature Climate Change, 4, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2387.
  9. Durack, P., Gleckler, P.J., Landerer, F.W., Taylor, K. (2014), Quantifying Underestimates of Long-term Upper-Ocean Warming, Nature Climate Change, 4, doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2389.
  10. Walsh, J., D. Wuebbles, K. Hayhoe, J. Kossin, K. Kunkel, G. Stephens, P. Thorne, R. Vose, M. Wehner, J. Willis, D. Anderson, S. Doney, R. Feely, P. Hennon, V. Kharin, T. Knutson, F. Landerer, T. Lenton, J. Kennedy, and R. Somerville (2014), Ch. 2: Our Changing Climate. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Global Change Research Program, 19-67. doi:10.7930/J0KW5CXT.
  11. Argus, D.F., Fu, Y., F.W. Landerer (2014), Seasonal variation in total water storage in California inferred from GPS observations of vertical land motion, Geophys. Res. Lett. 10.1002/2014GL059570
  12. Flato, G., J. Marotzke, B. Abiodun, P. Braconnot, S.C. Chou, W. Collins, P. Cox, F. Driouech, S. Emori, V. Eyring, C. Forest, P. Gleckler, E. Guilyardi, C. Jakob, V. Kattsov, C. Reason and M. Rummukainen + Contrib. Authors (2013), Evaluation of Climate Models. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
  13. Volkov, D. L.; F.W. Landerer (2013), Non-seasonal fluctuations of the Arctic Ocean mass observed by GRACE , J. Geophys. Res., doi: 10.1002/2013JC009341.
  14. Landerer, F.W.; Gleckler, P. & Lee, T. (2013), Evaluation of CMIP5 dynamic sea surface height multi-model simulations against satellite observations Climate Dynamics, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1-13.
  15. Volkov, D. L.; Landerer, F. W. & Kirillov, S. A. (2013), The genesis of sea level variability in the Barents Sea, Continental Shelf Research, 66, 92 - 104.
  16. Fasullo, J. T., C. Boening, F. W. Landerer, and R. S. Nerem (2013), Australia's unique influence on global sea level in 2010-2011, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 4368-4373, doi:10.1002/grl.50834.
  17. Ivins E. R. T. S. James, J. Wahr, E. J. O. Schrama, F.W. Landerer, K.M. Simon (2013): Antarctic Contribution to Sea-level Rise Observed by GRACE with Improved GIA Correction, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50208.
  18. Lee T., D.E. Waliser, J. Li, F. W. Landerer, and M. M. Gierach (2013): Evaluation of CMIP3 and CMIP5 Wind Stress Climatology Using Satellite Measurements and Atmospheric Reanalysis Products, J. Climate 26, 5810-5826, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00591.1.
  19. Landerer, F. W., and D. L. Volkov (2013), The anatomy of recent large sea level fluctuations in the Mediterranean Sea, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50140.
  20. Perrette, M., Landerer, F., Riva, R., Frieler, K., and Meinshausen, M. (2013): A scaling approach to project regional sea level rise and its uncertainties, Earth Syst. Dynam., 4, 11-29, doi:10.5194/esd-4-11-2013.
  21. Shi, M., Z.-L. Yang, and F. W. Landerer (2013), Representing and evaluating the landscape freeze/thaw properties and their impacts on soil impermeability: Hydrological processes in the community land model version 4, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 7542-7557, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50576.
  22. Boening, C., M. Lebsock, F. Landerer, and G. Stephens (2012), Snowfall-driven mass change on the East Antarctic ice sheet, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L21501, doi:10.1029/2012GL053316.
  23. Boening, C., J.K. Willis, F.W. Landerer, R.S. Nerem, J. Fasullo (2012): The 2011 La Niña: So Strong, the Oceans Fell, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2012GL053055
  24. Zlotnicki V., S. Bettadpur, F. Landerer and M. Watkins (2012): Remote Sensing of Earth's Gravity Field (GRACE). Encyclopedia of Sustainability, Springer.
  25. Landerer, F. W., and S. C. Swenson (2012), Accuracy of scaled GRACE terrestrial water storage estimates, Water Resour. Res., 48, W04531, doi:10.1029/2011WR011453.
  26. Landerer, F. W., J. O. Dickey, and A. Guentner, 2010: Terrestrial water budget of the Eurasian pan_Arctic from GRACE satellite measurements during 2003-2009, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D23115, doi:10.1029/2010JD014584.
  27. Roemmich, D., Willis, J., Gilson, J., Stammer, D., Koehl, A., Yemenis, T., Chambers, D. P., Landerer, F. W., Marotzke, J., Gregory, J. Suzuki, T., Church, J., White, N., Domingues, C., Cazenave, A. and LeTraon, P.-Y., 2010: Global Ocean warming and sea level rise. In: Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability, Blackwell Publishing.
  28. Landerer, F. W., Jungclaus, J. H., Marotzke, J., 2009: Long-term polar motion excited by ocean thermal expansion, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L17603, doi:10.1029/2009GL039692. 
  29. Landerer, F. W., Jungclaus, J. H., Marotzke, J., 2008: ENSO Signals in Sea Level, Surface Mass Redistribution, and Degree-Two Geoid Coefficients, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C08014, doi:10.1029/2008JC004767.
  30. Landerer, F. W., Jungclaus, J. H., Marotzke, J., 2007: Ocean Bottom Pressure Changes Lead to a Decreasing Length-of-Day in a Warming Climate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L06307, doi:10.1029/2006GL029106.
  31. Landerer, F. W., Jungclaus, J. H., Marotzke, J., 2007: Regional dynamic and steric sea level change in response to the IPCC-A1B scenario, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 296--312.

Other publications:

Landerer, F. W. (2007) Sea level and hydrological mass redistribution in the Earth system: variability and anthropogenic change, Ph.D. thesis, Hamburg.

Landerer, F. W. (2012), Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) - Applications to the State of California in support of development of California Footprints, An EPA-AMI Project, Project Report - 1.1, Jet Propulsion Laboratory / California Institute of Technology.

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