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 Sea Level And Ice (329C): People
Eric  Larour's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 300-323
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Email Contact:
Curriculum Vitae:

Eric Larour
Group Supervisor

  • B.S., Physics Major, Lycée Pasteur, Paris, France (1998)
  • M. Sc., Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Centrale Paris, Paris, France (2001)
  • Ph. D., Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Centrale Paris, Paris, France (2005)

Research Interests
  • Data assimilation of remote sensing observations into projections of ice sheet mass balance and sea level rise.
  • Projections of sea-level rise in a dynamically consistent Earth, constrained by satellite data.
  • Forward modeling of polar ice caps using large-scale, high-resolution, multi-physics, multi-model based finite element ice flow models.
  • Development of high-performance parallelized computer architectures for modeling Cryosphere processes.


ISSM (Ice and Sea-level System Model) is a state of the art ice flow modeling software developed at JPL in collaboration with University of California Irvine.

ISMIP6 (Ice Sheet Model Intercomparison Model for CMIP6) is the primary activity within the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project – phase 6 (CMIP6) focusing on the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets.

OMG (Oceans Melting Greenland) Icon OMG (Oceans Melting Greenland)
OMG uses the GLISTIN-A radar to measure Greenland's receding glaciers, air-dropped ocean sensors to measure the nearby oceans, as well as ship-based sonar and airborne gravity to map the depth and shape of the sea floor around the glaciers.

GRACE, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, provide measurements of the Earth’s gravity field, including the variability of ocean mass.

GRACE Follow-On Icon GRACE Follow-On
GRACE Follow-On, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-On, provides measurements of the Earth’s month-to-month mass variations.

Jason-CS (Sentinel-6) Icon Jason-CS (Sentinel-6)
Launching the first of two satellite altimeters in 2020, Jason-CS (Sentnel-6) will continue measuring ocean surface topography through 2030.

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory (2005-present)
  • 2005-2012

    • Software Engineer, Thermal and Cryogenics Section, Mechanical Division
    • Project lead for the Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM)


    • Scientist, Oceans and Ice Group
    • Project lead for the Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM)
    • Professional Activities

      • Editor The Cryosphere (2011-Present)
      • Member of NASA Sea Level Rise Science Team
      • Member of the JPL CIO Technology Advisory Board (CTAB), standing board for IT expertise to the Office of the CIO (OCIO).
      • Co-Chair for WCRP ISMIP6 (Ice Sheet Model Intercomparison Project) modeling and intercomparison project for inclusion of ice sheet models in the next CMIP6 climate runs.
      • Member of Steering Committee for The Polar Research Coordination Network (which aims to connect the Polar Science, Data and High-Performance and Distributed Computing (HPDC) polar sciences communities.
      • Associate Project Scientist (II) at the Joint Institute for Regional Earth System Science and Engineering (JIFRESSE) at UCLA.

Selected Awards
  • NASA Early Career Achievement Medal for developing the Ice Sheet System Model (2015)
  • JPL Ed Stone Award for Outstanding Research Publication (2015)
  • JPL Team Award for Earth Ventures Proposal (2014)
  • JPL Research Poster Conference Award Winner for ":a prototype coastal sea-level rise projection system for the next century." (2013)
  • NASA Cryospheric Sciences Most Valuable Player (2012)
  • NASA Group Honor Award, ISSM (2011)
  • NASA Group Honor Award, IceBridge (2011)
  • JPL Lew Allen Award (2012)

Selected Publications
  1. L. Caron., E.R. Ivins, E. Larour, S. Adhikari, J. Nilsson and G. Blewitt, GIA model statistics for GRACE hydrology, cryosphere and ocean science, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, doi:10.1002/2017GL076644.
  2. E. Larour, D. Cheng, G. Perez, J. Quinn, M. Morlighem, B. Duong, L. Nguyen, K. Petrie, S. Harounian, D. Halkides, and W. Hayes, A JavaScript API for the Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM) 4.11: towards an online interactive model for the cryosphere community, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 4393-4403, doi:10.5194/gmd-10-4393-2017.
  3. E. Larour, E. Ivins, S. Adhikari, Should coastal planners have concern over where land ice is melting?, Sci. Adv., 3(11), doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700537.
  4. A. Hück, C. Bischof, M. Sagebaum, N. Gauger, B. Jurgelucks, E. Larour and G. Perez, A Usability Case Study of Algorithmic Differentiation Tools on the ISSM Ice Sheet Model, Optim. Methods Softw., doi:10.1080/10556788.2017.1396602.
  5. S. Adhikari, E.R. Ivins, E. Larour, 2017, Mass transport waves amplified by intense Greenland melt and detected in solid Earth deformation, Geophys.l Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2016GL070552.
  6. J.H. Bondzio, M. Morlighem, H. Seroussi, T. Kleiner, M. Rückamp, J. Mouginot, T. Moon, E. Y. Larour, and A. Humbert, The mechanisms behind Jakobshavn Isbræ's acceleration and mass loss: A 3-D thermomechanical model study, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL073309.
  7. H. Seroussi, Y. Nakayama, E. Larour, D. Menemenlis, M. Morlighem, E. Rignot, and A. Khazendar, Continued retreat of Thwaites Glacier, West Antarctica, controlled by bed topography and ocean circulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2017GL072910.
  8. F. Habbal, E. Larour, M. Morlighem, H. Seroussi, C.P. Borstad and E. Rignot, Optimal numerical solvers for transient simulations of ice flow using the Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM versions 4.2.5 and 4.11), Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 155-168, doi:10.5194/gmd-10-155-2017.
  9. E. Larour, J. Utke, A. Bovin, M. Morlighem, and G. Perez, An approach to computing discrete adjoints for MPI-parallelized models applied to Ice Sheet System Model 4.11, Geosci. Model. Dev., 9, 3907-3918, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3907-2016.
  10. N.-J. Schlegel, D.N. Wiese, E.Y. Larour, M.M. Watkins, J.E. Box, X. Fettweis, and M.R. van den Broeke, Application of GRACE to the assessment of model-based estimates of monthly Greenland Ice Sheet mass balance (2003-2012), The Cryosphere, 10, 1965-1989, doi:10.5194/tc- 10-1965-2016.
  11. E. Larour and N. Schlegel, On ISSM and leveraging the Cloud towards faster quantification of the uncertainty in ice-sheet mass balance projections, Computers and Geosciences., 96,
  12. P. M. Alexander, M. Tedesco, N.-J. Schlegel, S. B. Luthcke, X. Fettweis, and E. Larour, Greenland Ice Sheet seasonal and spatial mass variability from model simulations and GRACE (2003-2012), The Cryosphere, 10, 1259-1277, doi:10.5194/tc-10-1259-2016.
  13. M. Morlighem, J. Bondzio, H. Seroussi, E. Rignot, E. Larour, A. Humbert and S. Rebuffi, Modeling of Store Gletscher's calving dynamics, West Greenland, in response to ocean thermal forcing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL067695.
  14. S. Adhikari, E.R. Ivins, and E. Larour, ISSM-SESAW v1.0: mesh-based computation of gravitationally consistent sea-level and geodetic signatures caused by cryosphere and climate driven mass change, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 1087-1109, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1087-2016.
  15. B. Minchew, M. Simons, H. Bjornsson, F. Palsson, M. Morlighem, H. Seroussi, E. Larour, and S. Hensley, Plastic bed beneath Hofsjökull Ice Cap, central Iceland, and the sensitivity of ice flow to surface meltwater flux, J. Glaciol., doi:10.1017/jog.2016.26.
  16. J.H. Bondzio, H. Seroussi, M. Morlighem, T. Kleiner, M. Rückamp, A. Humbert and E. Larour, Modelling calving front dynamics using a level-set method: application to Jakobshavn Isbræ, West Greenland, The Cryosphere, 10, 497-510, doi:10.5194/tc-10-497-2016.
  17. C. Borstad, A. Khazendar, B. Scheuchl, M. Morlighem, E. Larour, and E. Rignot, A constitutive frame-work for predicting weakening and reduced buttressing of ice shelves based on observations of the progressive deterioration of the remnant Larsen B Ice Shelf, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2015GL067365.
  18. T.J. Bracegirdle, N. Bertler, A.M. Carleton, Q. Ding, C.J. Fogwill, J.C. Fyfe, H.H. Hellmer, A. Y. Karpechko, K. Kusahara, E. Larour, P.A. Mayewski, W.N. Meier, L.M. Polvani, J.L. Russell, S.L. Stevenson, J. Turner, J.M. van Wessem, W.J. van de Berg, I. Wainer, A multi- disciplinary perspective on climate model evaluation for Antarctica, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00108.1.
  19. N.-J. Schlegel, E. Larour, H. Seroussi, M. Morlighem and J.E. Box, Ice discharge uncertainties in Northeast Greenland from boundary conditions and climate forcing of an ice flow model, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 29-54, doi:10.1002/2014JF003359.
  20. Larour, E., J. Utke, B. Csatho, A. Schenk, H. Seroussi, M. Morlighem, E. Rignot, N. Schlegel, and A. Khazendar, Inferred basal friction and surface mass balance of North East Greenland Ice Stream using data assimilation of ICESat surface altimetry and ISSM., The Cryosphere, 8, 2335- 2351, doi: 10.5194/tc-8-2335-2014.
  21. Larour, E., N. Schlegel and M. Morlighem, Modeling the Evolution of Polar Ice Sheets, Eos Trans. AGU, 95(45), 411, doi:10.1002/2014EO450005.
  22. H. Seroussi, M. Morlighem, E. Larour, E. Rignot and A. Khazendar, Hydrostatic grounding line parameterization in ice sheet models, The Cryosphere, 8, 2075-2087, doi:10.5194/tc-8-2075- 2014.
  23. Larour, E., A. Khazendar, C. P. Borstad, H. Seroussi, M. Morlighem, and E. Rignot, Representation of sharp rifts and faults mechanics in modeling ice shelf flow dynamics: Application to Brunt/Stancomb-Wills Ice Shelf, Antarctica, J. Geophy. Res.,119, doi:10.1002/2014JF003157.
  24. H. Seroussi, M. Morlighem, E. Rignot, J. Mouginot, E. Larour, M. Schodlok, and A. Khazendar, Sensitivity of the dynamics of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, to climate forcing for the next 50 years, The Cryosphere, 8, 1699-1710, doi:10.5194/tc-8-1-2014.
  25. M. Morlighem, E. Rignot, J Mouginot, H. Seroussi, and E. Larour, Deeply incised submarine glacial valleys beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet. Nat. Geosci., 7, 418-422, doi:10.1038/ngeo2167.
  26. S. Adhikari, E. Ivins, E. Larour, H. Seroussi, M. Morlighem and S. Nowicki, Future Antarctic bed topography and its implications for ice sheet dynamics, Solid Earth, 5, 569-584, doi:10.5194/se-5-569-2014.
  27. M. Morlighem, E. Rignot, J. Mouginot, H. Seroussi and E. Larour, High resolution ice thickness mapping in South Greenland, Ann. Glaciol., 55(67), doi: 10.3189/2014AoG67A088.
  28. M. Morlighem, E. Rignot, J. Mouginot, X. Wu, H. Seroussi, E. Larour and J. Paden, High- resolution bed topography mapping of Russell Glacier, Greenland, inferred from Operation IceBridge data, J. Glaciol., 59(218), doi:10.3189/2013JoG12J235.
  29. H. Seroussi, M. Morlighem, E. Rignot, A. Khazendar, E. Larour, and J. Mouginot, Dependence of greenland ice sheet projections on its thermal regime, J. Glaciol., 59(218), doi:10.3189/2013JoG13J054.
  30. M. Morlighem, H. Seroussi, E. Larour and E. Rignot, Inversion of basal friction in Antarctica using exact and incomplete adjoints of a higher-order model, J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrf.20125.
  31. S. Nowicki, R.A. Bindschadler, A. Abe-Ouchi, A. Aschwanden, E. Bueler, H. Choi, J. Fastook, G. Granzow, R. Greve, G. Gutowski, U. Herzfeld, C. Jackson, J. Johnson, C. Khroulev, E. Larour, A. Levermann, W.H. Lipscomb, M.A. Martin, M. Morlighem, B.R. Parizek, D. Pollard, S.F. Price, D. Ren, E. Rignot, F. Saito, T. Sato, H. Seddik, H. Seroussi, K. Takahashi, R. Walker, and W.L. Wang, Insights into spatial sensitivities of ice mass response to environmental change from the SeaRISE ice sheet modeling project II: Greenland. J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrf.20076.
  32. S. Nowicki, R.A. Bindschadler, A. Abe-Ouchi, A. Aschwanden, E. Bueler, H. Choi, J. Fastook, G. Granzow, R. Greve, G. Gutowski, U. Herzfeld, C. Jackson, J. Johnson, C. Khroulev, E. Larour, A. Levermann, W.H. Lipscomb, M.A. Martin, M. Morlighem, B.R. Parizek, D. Pollard, S.F. Price, D. Ren, E. Rignot, F. Saito, T. Sato, H. Seddik, H. Seroussi, K. Takahashi, R. Walker, and W.L. Wang, Insights into spatial sensitivities of ice mass response to environmental change from the SeaRISE ice sheet modeling project I: Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrf.20081.
  33. N-J. Schlegel, E Larour, H Seroussi, M. Morlighem, and J. E. Box, Decadal-scale sensitivity of northeast Greenland ice flow to errors in surface mass balance using ISSM J. Geophys. Res. - Earth Surface, 118, doi: 10.1002/jgrf.20062.
  34. F. Pattyn, L. Perichon, G. Durand, L. Favier, O. Gagliardini, R. C. A. Hindmarsh, T. Zwinger, T. Albrecht, S. Cornford, D. Docquier, J. Fuerst, D. Goldberg, H. Gudmundsson, A. Humbert, M. Hutten, P. Huybrecht, G. Jouvet, T. Kleiner, E. Larour, D. Martin, M. Morlighem, A. Payne, D. Pollard, M. Ruckamp, O. Rybak, H. Seroussi, M. Thoma, and N. Wilkens. Grounding-line migration in plan-view marine ice-sheet models: results of the ice2sea MISMIP3d intercomparison. J. Glaciol., accepted.
  35. E. Larour, M. Morlighem, H. Seroussi, J. Schiermeier and E. Rignot (2012), Ice flow sensitivity to geothermal heat flux of Pine Island Glacier, Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 117, F04023, doi:10.1029/2012JF002371.
  36. C. P. Borstad, A. Khazendar, E. Y. Larour, M. Morlighem, E. Rignot, M. P. Schodlok, and H. Seroussi (2012), A damage mechanics assessment of the Larsen B ice shelf prior to collapse: toward a physically-based calving law, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L18502, doi:10.1029/2012GL053317.
  37. E. Larour, J. Schiermeier, E. Rignot, H. Seroussi, and M. Morlighem, Sensitivity Analysis of Pine Island Glacier ice flow using ISSM and DAKOTA, J. Geophys. Res., 117, F02009, doi:10.1029/2011JF002146.
  38. H. Seroussi, H. Ben Dhia, M. Morlighem, E. Larour, E. Rignot, and D. Aubry, Coupling ice flow models of varying orders of complexity with the Tiling method, J. Glaciol, 58(210), doi:10.3189/2012JoG11J195.
  39. E. Larour, H. Seroussi, M. Morlighem, and E. Rignot (2012), Continental scale, high order, high spatial resolution, ice sheet modeling using the Ice Sheet System Model, J. Geophys. Res., 117, F01022, doi:10.1029/2011JF002140.
  40. M. Morlighem, E. Rignot, H. Seroussi, E. Larour, H. Ben Dhia, and D. Aubry (2011), A mass conservation approach for mapping glacier ice thickness, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L19503, doi:10.1029/2011GL048659.
  41. Seroussi, H., M. Morlighem, E. Rignot,E. Larour, D. Aubry, H. Ben Dhia, and S. S. Kristensen (2011), Ice flux divergence anomalies on 79north Glacier, Greenland, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L09501, doi:10.1029/2011GL047338.
  42. Khazendar, A., E. Rignot, and E. Larour (2011), Acceleration and spatial rheology of Larsen C Ice Shelf, Antarctic Peninsula, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L09502, doi:10.1029/2011GL046775.
  43. Morlighem, M., E. Rignot, H. Seroussi, E. Larour, H. Ben Dhia, and D. Aubry (2010), Spatial patterns of basal drag inferred using control methods from a full-Stokes and simpler models for Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L14502, doi:10.1029/2010GL043853.
  44. Khazendar, A., E. Rignot, and E. Larour (2009), Roles of marine ice, rheology, and fracture in the flow and stability of the Brunt/Stancomb-Wills Ice Shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 114, F04007, doi:10.1029/2008JF001124.
  45. Khazendar, A., E. Rignot, and E. Larour (2007), Larsen B Ice Shelf rheology preceding its disintegration inferred by a control method, J. Geophys. Res., 34, L19503, doi:10.1029/2008JF001124.
  46. Larour, E., E. Rignot, I. Joughin and D. Aubry (2005) Rheology of the Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica, inferred from satellite radar interferometry data using an inverse control method., Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L05503, doi: 10.1029/2004GL021693.
  47. Larour, E., E. Rignot and D. Aubry (2004) Processes involved in the propagation of rifts near Hemmen Ice Rise, Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica, J. Glaciol., 50, 0022-1430.
  48. Larour, E., E. Rignot and D. Aubry (2004) Modelling of rift propagatoin on Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica, and sensitivity to climate change, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, 0094-8276, doi: 10.1029/2004GL020077.

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