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 Sea Level And Ice (329C): People
Alex  Gardner's Picture
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Curriculum Vitae:

Alex Gardner

Dr. Alex S. Gardner is a Research Scientist in the Solid Earth Group, in the Earth Sciences Section. He studies the Earth's cryosphere (frozen Earth) with a particular focus on glaciers and their impacts on sea level rise and water resources. He is interested in how glaciers respond to natural and human induced forcings as well as how changes in the reflectivity of snow and ice modify the Earth's climate. Alex is a member of the NASA Sea Level Change Team. He joined JPL in 2014.

  • Ph.D., Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, (August 2010)
    • Dissertation title: Surface mass balance of Arctic glaciers: Climate influences and modelling approaches
  • B. Eng., Department of Civil Engineering, Great Distinction, University of Saskatchewan, (May 2005)
    • Awarded the Civil Engineering Alumni Medal for graduating first in class.

Research Interests
  • Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere
    • Photogrammetry
    • Altimetry
    • Time variable gravity
    • Multi-spectral imaging
  • Sea Level Rise
  • Glacier Mass Budget 
  • Climate-Cryosphere Interaction
  • Snow & Ice Reflectance

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology (2014-present)
  • Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Geography Clark University (2012-2014)
  • Research Assistant Professor, George Perkins Marsh Institute Clark University (2012-2014)
  • NSERC Research Fellow, Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences University of Michigan (2010-2012).

Selected Awards
  • NSERC Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • A. Stewart Memorial Graduate Prize (Awarded to top 25 University of Alberta PhD candidates)
  • NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarship D
  • Alberta Ingenuity Student Scholarship
  • NSERC Canada Graduate Scholarship M
  • Civil Engineering Alumni Medal (Top Civil Engineering Graduate)

Selected Publications
  1. Flanner, M. G., A. S. Gardner, S. Eckhardt, A. Stohl, and J. Perket, 2014: Aerosol radiative forcing from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruptions. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, AOP.
  2. Pfeffer, W.T., Arendt, A.A., Bliss, A., Bolch,T., Cogley, J.G., Gardner, A.S., Hagen, J-O., Hock, R., Kaser, G., Kienholz, C., Miles, E.S., Moholdt, G., Moelg, N., Paul, F., Radic, V., Rastner, P., Raup, B., Rich, J., Sharp, M.J. and the Randolph Consortium, 2014. The Randolph Glacier Inventory: a globally complete inventory of glaciers. Journal of Glaciology, 60, 537-552.
  3. Donnellan, A., B. Bills, J.J. Green, R. Goullioud, S. Jones, R. Knight, M. Underhill, J. Goguen, E. M. De Jong, A. Ansar, T. Scambos, P. Morin, B. Hallet, L. Thompson, A.S. Gardner, J. Ekholm, 2014. Studying mountain glacier processes using a staring instrument. Aerospace Conference, 2014 IEEE, 1-17.
  4. Gardner, A.S., G. Moholdt, J.G. Cogley, B. Wouters, A.A. Arendt, J. Wahr, E. Berthier, R. Hock, W.T. Pfeffer, G. Kaser, S.R.M. Ligtenberg, T.Bolch, M.J. Sharp, J.O. Hagen, M.R. van den Broeke, and F. Paul, 2013: A reconciled estimate of glacier contributions to sea level rise: 2003 to 2009. Science, 340, 852-857. (Featured Article)
  5. IPCC. 2013. Working Group 1 Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5), Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Chapter 4: Observations: Cryosphere. Co-ordinating Lead Authors: D.G. Vaughan, J.C. Comiso; Lead Authors: I.Allison, J.Carrasco, G.Kaser, R.Kwok, P.Mote, T.Murray, F.Paul, J.Ren, E.Rignot, O.Solomina, K.Steffen, T.Zhang; Contributing Authors: A.A.Arendt, D.B.Bahr, M.van den Broeke, R.Brown, J.G.Cogley, A.S. Gardner, S.Gerland, S.Gruber, C.Haas, J-O. Hagen, R.Hock, D.Holland, M.Huss, T.Markus, B.Marzeion, R.Massom, G.Moholdt, P.P. Overduin, A.Payne, W.T.Pfeffer, T.Prowse, V.Radic, D.Robinson, M.Sharp, K.Shiklomanov, S.Smith, S.Stammerjohn, I.Velicogna, P.Wadhams, A.Worby, L.Zhao. 102pp.
  6. IPCC. 2013. Working Group 1 Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5), Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Chapter 13: Sea Level Rise. Co-ordinating Lead Authors: J. A. Church, P.U. Clark; Lead Authors: A. Cazenave, J.M. Gregory, S. Jevrejeva, A. Levermann, M.A. Merrifield, G.A. Milne, R.S. Nerem, P.D. Nunn, A.J. Payne, W.T. Pfeffer, D. Stammer, A.S. Unnikrishnan; Contributing Authors: D. Bahr, J.E. Box, D.H. Bromwich, M. Carson, W. Collins, X. Fettweis, P. Forster, A.S. Gardner, W.R. Gehrels, R. Giesen, P.J. Gleckler, P. Good, R.G. Graversen, R. Greve, S. Griffies, E. Hanna, M. Hemer, R. Hock, S.J. Holgate, J. Hunter, P. Huybrechts, G. Johnson, I. Joughin, G. Kaser, C. Katsman, L. Konikow, G. Krinner, A. Le Brocq, J. Lenaerts, S. Ligtenberg, C.M. Little, B. Marzeion, K.L. McInnes, S.H. Mernild, D. Monselesan, R. Mottram, T. Murray, G. Myhre, J.P. Nicholas, F. Nick, M. Perrette, D. Pollard, V. Radić, J. Rae, M. Rummukainen, C. Schoof, A. Slangen, J.H. van Angelen, W.J. van de Berg, M. van den Broeke, M. Vizcaíno, Y. Wada, N.J. White, R.Winkelmann, J. Yin, M. Yoshimori, K. Zickfeld. 124pp.
  7. Arendt, A., Luthcke, S., Gardner, A.S., O'neel, S., Hill, D., Moholdt, G., and Abdalati, W., 2013: Analysis of a GRACE global mascon Solution for Gulf of Alaska Glaciers, Journal of Glaciology, 59, 913-924.
  8. Lenaerts, J.T.M., J.H. van Angelen, M.R. van den Broeke, A.S. Gardner, B. Wouters, and E. van Meijgaard, 2013: Irreversible mass loss of Canadian Arctic Archipelago glaciers. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1-5.
  9. Gardner, A.S., G. Moholdt, A. Arendt, and B. Wouters, 2012: Accelerated contributions of Canada's Baffin and Bylot Island glaciers to sea level rise over the past half century, The Cryosphere, 6, 1103-1125, 10.5194/tc-6-1103-2012.
  10. Moholdt, G., B. Wouters, and A.S. Gardner, 2012: Recent mass changes of glaciers in the Russian High Arctic. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L10502.
  11. Gardner, A.S., G. Moholdt, B. Wouters, G.J. Wolken, D.O. Burgess, M.J. Sharp, J.G. Cogley, C. Braun, and C. Labine, 2011: Sharply increased mass loss from glaciers and ice caps in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Nature, 473(7347), 357-360. (Cover Feature)
  12. Kuipers Munneke, P., M.R. van den Broeke, J.T.M. Lenaerts, M. G. Flanner, A.S. Gardner, and W.J. van de Berg, 2011: A new albedo parameterization for use in climate models over the Antarctic ice sheet. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, D05114.
  13. Sharp, M., Burgess, D.O., Cawkwell, F., Copland, L., Davis, J.A., Dowdeswell, E.K., Dowdeswell, J.A., Gardner, A.S., Mair, D., Wang, L., Williamson, S.N., Wolken, G.J. and Wyatt, F., in press. Recent glacier changes in the Canadian Arctic. In Global Land Ice Measurements from Space: Satellite Multispectral Imaging of Glaciers. Kargel, J.S., Bishop, M.P., Kaab, A., Raup, B.H., and Leonard, G. Eds. Springer-Praxis. 20ms.
  14. Gardner, A.S. and M.J. Sharp, 2010: A review of snow and ice albedo and the development of a new physically based broadband albedo parameterization. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, F01009.
  15. Gardner, A.S., M.J. Sharp, R. M. Koerner, C. Labine, S. Boon, S. J. Marshall, D. O. Burgess, and D. Lewis, 2009: Near-surface temperature lapse rates over Arctic glaciers and their implications for temperature downscaling. Journal of Climate, 22, 4281-4298.
  16. Gardner, A.S. and M.J. Sharp, 2009: Sensitivity of net mass balance estimates to near-surface temperature lapse rates when employing the degree-day method to estimate glacier melt. Annals of Glaciology, 50, 80-86.
  17. Gardner, A.S. and M. Sharp, 2007: Influence of the Arctic Circumpolar Vortex on the mass balance of Canadian High Arctic glaciers. Journal of Climate, 20, 4586–4598.

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