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Surendra Adhikari

Photo of Surendra Adhikari


4800 Oak Grove Drive
M/S 300-323

Pasadena, CA 91109


Office: 818.354.1835 <BR> Cell: 626.487.2976

Curriculum Vitae:

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Member of:

Earth Surface and Interior

Employed By



  • PhD, Geography, University of Calgary, Canada (2012).
  • MSc, Engineering Geology, Free University of Brussels, Belgium (2007).
  • BE, Agricultural Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Nepal (2004).

Professional Experience

  • Scientist, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2017 onwards.
  • NASA Postdoctoral Program (NPP) Fellow, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2015-2016.
  • Postdoctoral Scholar in Geophysics, California Institute of Technology 2013-2014.

Research Interests

I do some (earth system) science, particularly related to ice, sea level, solid earth, and space geodesy.

Selected Awards

  • John Wahr Early Career Award, AGU Geodesy Section (2021).
  • Charles Elachi Award (2020).
  • NASA Early Career Public Achievement Medal (2019).
  • NASA Group Achievement Award for ISSM (2019).
  • JPL Outstanding Postdoctoral Research Award (2016).
  • NASA Postdoctoral Program Fellowship (2014).
  • Syvitski Student Modeler Award, University of Colorado Boulder, USA (2013).
  • Outstanding Doctorate Student Presentation Award, University of Calgary, Canada (2010).

Selected Publications

  1. E. R. Ivins, L. Caron, S. Adhikari, E. Larour, 2021: Notes on a compressible extended Burgers model of rheology, Geophysical Journal International, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggab452.
  2. S. Adhikari, G.A. Milne, L. Caron, S.A. Khan, K.K. Kjeldsen, J. Nilsson, E. Larour, E.R. Ivins, 2021: Decadal to centennial timescale mantle viscosity inferred from modern crustal uplift rates in Greenland, Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1029/2021GL094040.
  3. F. Beaud, S. Aati, I. Delaney, S. Adhikari, J.-P. Avouac, 2021: Generalized sliding law applied to the surge dynamics of Shisper Glacier and constrained by timeseries correlation of optical satellite images, The Cryosphere Discussions, doi: 10.5194/tc-2021-96.
  4. K. Hansen, M. Truffer, A. Aschwanden, K. Mankoff, M. Bevis, A. Humbert, M. van den Broeke, B. Noel, A. Bjork, W. Colgan, K. Kjaer, S. Adhikari, V. Barletta, S.A. Khan, 2021: Estimating ice discharge at Greenland’s three largest outlet glaciers using local bedrock uplift, Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL094252.
  5. T. Frederikse, S. Adhikari, T.J. Daley, S. Dangendorf, R. Gehrels, F. Landerer, M. Marcos, T. Newton, G. Rush, A. Slangen, G. Woppelmann, 2021: Constraining 20th-century sea-level rise in the South Atlantic Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 126, e2020JC016970
  6. E. Larour, L. Caron, M. Morlighem, S. Adhikari, T. Frederikse, N.-J. Schlegel, E.R. Ivins, B.D. Hamlington, R. Kopp, S. Nowicki, 2020: ISSM-SLPS: geodetically compliant Sea-Level Projection System for the Ice-sheet and Sea-level System Model v4.14, Geoscientific Model Development, 13, 4925-4941, doi: 10.5194/gmd-13-4925-2020.
  7. S. Adhikari, E.R. Ivins, E. Larour, L. Caron, H. Seroussi, 2020: A kinematic formalism for tracking ice-ocean mass exchange on the Earth's surface and estimating sea-level change, The Cryosphere, 14, 2819-2833, doi: 10.5194/tc-14-2819-2020.
  8. T. Frederikse, F.W. Landerer, L. Caron, S. Adhikari, D. Parkes, V. Humphrey, S. Dangendorf, P. Hogarth, L. Zanna, L. Cheng, H. Wu, 2020: The causes of sea-level rise since 1900, Nature, 584, 393-397, doi: 10.1038/s41586-020-2591-3.
  9. E.R. Ivins, L. Caron, S. Adhikari, E. Larour, M. Scheinert, 2020: A linear viscoelasticity for decadal to centennial time scale mantle deformation, Reports on Progress in Physics, doi: 10.1088/1361-6633/aba346.
  10. B.D. Hamlington and 50 others including S. Adhikari, 2020: Understanding of contemporary regional sea-level change and the implications for the future, Review of Geophysics, doi: 10.1029/2019RG000672.
  11. B.D. Hamlington, T. Frederikse, R.S. Nerem, J.T. Fasullo, S. Adhikari, 2020: Investigating the acceleration of regional sea‐level rise during the satellite altimeter era. Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1029/2019GL086528.
  12. I. Delaney and S. Adhikari, 2020:  Increased subglacial sediment discharge in a warming climate: consideration of ice dynamics, glacial erosion and fluvial sediment transport. Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1029/2019GL085672.
  13. R.R. Wijngaard, Steiner J.F., Kraaijenbrink P.D.A., Klug C., Adhikari S., Banerjee A., Pellicciotti F., van Beek L.P.H., Bierkens M.F.P., Lutz A.F. and Immerzeel W.W., 2019: Modeling the response of the Langtang Glacier and the Hintereisferner to a changing climate since the Little Ice Age. Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 7, 143. doi: 10.3389/feart.2019.00143.
  14. S. Adhikari, E.R. Ivins, T. Frederikse, F.W. Landerer, L. Caron, 2019: Sea-level fingerprints emergent from GRACE mission data, Earth System Science Data, 11, 629-646, doi: 10.5194/essd-11-629-2019.
  15. E. Larour, H. Seroussi, S. Adhikari, E.R. Ivins, L. Caron, M. Morlighem, N. Schlegel, 2019: Slowdown in Antarctic mass loss from solid-Earth and sea-level feedbacks, Science, doi: 10.1126/science.aav7908.
  16. C. Milliner, K. Materna, R. Burgmann, Y. Fu, A.W. Moore, D. Bekaert, S. Adhikari, D. Argus, 2018: Tracking the weight of Hurricane Harvey's stormwater using GPS data, Science Advances, 4, eaau2477, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aau2477.
  17. S. Adhikari, L. Caron, B. Steinberger, J.T. Reager, K.K. Kjeldsen, B. Marzeion, E. Larour, E.R. Ivins, 2018: What drives 20th century polar motion? Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 502. 126-132, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.08.059.
  18. B.D. Hamlington, A. Burgos, P.R. Thompson, F.W. Landerer, C.G. Piecuch, S. Adhikari, L. Caron, J.T. Reager, E.R. Ivins, 2018: Observation-driven estimation of the spatial variability of 20th century sea level rise, Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, doi: 10.1002/2017JC013486.
  19. L. Caron, E.R. Ivins, E. Larour, S. Adhikari, J. Nilsson, G. Blewitt, 2018: GIA model statistics for GRACE hydrology, cryosphere and ocean science, Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1002/2017GL076644.
  20. Larour, E., Ivins, E.R., and Adhikari, S., 2017, Should coastal planners have concern over where land ice is melting? Science Advances, 3, e1700537, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1700537
  21. Adhikari, S., Ivins, E. R., and Larour, E., 2017, Mass transport waves amplified by intense Greenland melt and detected in solid Earth deformation, Geophysical Research Letters, 44, doi: 10.1002/2017GL073478.
  22. Thompson, P. R., Hamlington, B. D., Landerer, F. W., and Adhikari, S., 2016, Are long tide gauge records in the wrong place to measure global mean sea level rise? Geophysical Research Letters, 43,10403-10411 doi:10.1002/2016GL070552.
  23. Adhikari, S. and Ivins, E. R., 2016, Climate-driven polar motion: 2003-2015, Science Advances, 2, e1501693.
  24. Adhikari, S., Ivins, E. R., and Larour, E., 2016, ISSM-SESAW v1.0: mesh-based computation of gravitationally consistent sea level and geodetic signatures caused by cryosphere and climate driven mass change, Geoscientific Model Development, 9, 9769-9816, doi: 10.5194/gmd-9-1087-2016.
  25. Adhikari, S. and Tsai, V. C., 2015, A model for subglacial flooding along a preexisting hydrological network during the rapid drainage of supraglacial lakes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 120, 580-603, doi: 10.1002/2014JF003339.
  26. Adhikari, S., Ivins, E. R., Larour, E., Seroussi, H., Morlighem, M. and Nowicki, S., 2014, Future Antarctic bed topography and its implications for ice sheet dynamics, Solid Earth, 5, 569–584, doi: 10.5194/se-5-569-2014.
  27. Adhikari, S. and Marshall, S. J., 2013, Influence of high-order mechanics on simulation of glacier response to climate change: insights from Haig Glacier, Canadian Rocky Mountains, The Cryosphere, 7, 1527–1541, doi: 10.5194/tc-7-1527-2013.
  28. Adhikari, S. and Marshall, S. J., 2012, Parameterization of lateral drag in flowline models of glacier dynamics, Journal of Glaciology, 58, 212, 1119–1132, doi: 10.3189/2012JoG12J018.
  29. Adhikari, S. and Marshall, S. J., 2012, Glacier volume-area relation for high-order mechanics and transient glacier states, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L16505, doi: 10.1029/ 2012GL052712.
  30. Adhikari, S. and Marshall, S. J., 2012, Modelling dynamics of valley glaciers, in Miidla, P. (ed.), Numerical Modelling, InTech Publ., 115–142, ISBN: 978-953-51-0219-9.
  31. Adhikari, S. and Marshall, S. J., 2011, Improvements to shear-deformational models of glacier dynamics through a longitudinal stress factor, Journal of Glaciology, 57, 206, 1003–1016, doi: 10.3189/ 002214311798843449.
  32. Adhikari, S., Marshall, S. J. and Huybrechts, P., 2011, On characteristic timescales of Glacier AX010 in the Nepalese Himalaya, Bulletin of Glaciological Research, 29, 19–29, doi: 10.5331/bgr.29.19.
  33. Adhikari, S. and Huybrechts, P., 2009, Numerical modelling of historical front variations and the 21st century evolution of Glacier AX010, Nepal Himalaya, Annals of Glaciology, 50, 52, 27–34, doi: 10.3189/172756409789624346.