NASA Logo Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology View the NASA Portal
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
NASA Banner
JPL Science
JPL Science Division Home
Planetary Science Planetary Science
Astrophysics & Space Sciences Astrophysics & Space Sciences
Earth Science Earth Science
Center for Climate Sciences (3292)
Earth Surface And Interior (329A)
Ocean Circulation And Air Sea Interaction (329B)
Sea Level And Ice (329C)
Stratosphere And Upper Troposphere (329D)
Atmospheric Physics And Weather (329E)
Terrestrial Hydrology (329F)
Carbon Cycle And Ecosystems (329G)
Laboratory Studies And Atmospheric Observations (329H)
Tropospheric Composition (329I)
Aerosols And Clouds (329J)
Directorate Science Affiliates Directorate Science Affiliates
Open Postdoc Positions Open Postdoc Positions
Brochures Brochures
 Tropospheric Composition (329I): People
Brendan  Fisher's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 183-601
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Email Contact:
Curriculum Vitae:

Brendan Fisher

Brendan Fisher is a member of the Tropospheric Composition Group in the Earth Science Section at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He is member of the OCO-2 science and validation teams, is the TES instrument scientist, and is part of the OCO-3 team. As part of the OCO-2 project, he is intimately involved in the atmospheric retrieval of XCO2 algorithm and validation of the product. As the TES instrument scientist, Brendan provides the interface between the science, algorithm and operations teams and provides extensive knowledge of the hardware, on-orbit operations and how these interact with the calibration and product generation for the project. Brendan has extensive experience with flight projects from early build to on-orbit operations, instrument calibration and validation, remote sensing, and atmospheric retrieval algorithms.

  • B.S. in Physics, University of California, San Diego (1987)
  • M.S. in Physics, University of California, San Diego (1989)
  • Ph.D. in Physics, University of California, San Diego (1994)

Research Interests
  • Planetary Atmospheres: thermal structure, dynamics, composition of the earth and gas giants, Jupiter, Saturn.
  • Remote sensing
  • Infrared instrumentation for ground and spacecraft application: design, development and use.
  • Data science: algorithm and numerical methods, particularly atmospheric sounding, data visualization, user interfaces, hardware control.


TES (Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer) is one of four science instruments aboard NASA's Aura satellite, which was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California on July 15, 2004.

OCO-2 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory Icon OCO-2 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) is a mission designed to make precise, time-dependent global measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) from an Earth orbiting satellite.

OCO-3 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3 Icon OCO-3 - Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3

The Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3, or OCO-3, is a future space instrument designed to investigate important questions about the distribution of carbon dioxide on Earth as it relates to growing urban populations...

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory (1996 - Present)
    • OCO-3 Validation Lead (2018-present)
    • TES Instrument Scientist (2016-present)
    • OCO-2 Science and Validation Teams (2009-present)
    • Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Calibration, Validation, and Science Teams (2006-2009)
    • Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) project (2000 - Present)
    • Mars 98 Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander (1999-2000)
    • Caltech Postdoctoral Scholar (1998 - 1999)
    • NASA/NRC Resident Research Associate (1996 - 1998)
  • University of Rochester, Instructor/Fellow (1995 - 1996)

Selected Awards
  • JPL Team Bonus Award as a member of the OCO-2 Science Team (2017)
  • NASA Honors Award as a member of the OCO-2 validation team (2016)
  • NASA Honors Award as a member of the OCO-2 L2 algorithm team (2016)
  • JPL Team Bonus Award as a member of the TES instrument recovery team (2016)
  • JPL Team Bonus Award as a member of the OCO-2 L2 algorithm development team (2016)
  • JPL Discovery Award relating to OCO-2 L2 algorithms (2016)
  • JPL Team Bonus Award as a member of the OCO-2 project (2015)
  • NASA Honors Award as a member of the TES team (2014)
  • JPL Team Bonus Award as a member of the OCO-2 project (2014)
  • NASA Honors Award as a member of the Aura Project (2005)
  • NASA Honors Award as a member of the Aura Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer instrument and ground data system development teams (2005)
  • Goddard Space Flight Center Group Achievement Award as a member of the Aura Team (2005)

Selected Publications
  1. Eldering, A., Wennberg, P.O., Crisp, D., Schimel, D.S., Gunson, M.R., Chatterjee, A., Liu, J., Schwandner, F. M., Sun, Y., O'Dell, C. W., Frankenberg, C., Taylor, T., Fisher, B., Osterman, G. B., Wunch, D., Hakkarainen, J., Tamminen, J. Weir, B. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 early science investigations of regional carbon dioxide fluxes. Science, 358 (6360), eaam5745.
  2. Lee, R.A.M., O'Dell, C.W., Wunch, ., Roehl, C.M. , Osterman, G.B., Blavier, J.F. , Rosenberg, R, Chapsky, L., Frankenberg, C., Hunyadi-Lay, S.L., Fisher, B.M., Rider, D.M., Crisp, D.,; Pollock, R. Preflight Spectral Calibration of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 55, 5, 2499-2508. 2017. DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2016.2645614.
  3. Crisp, D., Pollock, H.R., Rosenberg, R., Chapsky, L., Lee, R.A.M., Oyafuso, F.A., Frankenberg, C., O'Dell, C.W., Bruegge, C.J., Doran, G.B., Eldering, A., Fisher, B.M., Fu, D.J., Gunson, M.R., Mandrake, L., Osterman, G.B., Schwandner, F.M., Sun, K., Taylor, T.E., Wennberg, P.O., Wunch, D. The on-orbit performance of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) instrument and its radiometrically calibrated products. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 1, 59-81. 2017. DOI: 10.5194/amt-10-59-2017.
  4. Fisher, B.M., Orton, G.S, Liu, J., Schneider, T., Ressler, M.E, Hoffman, W.F.: The organization of Jupiter's upper tropospheric temperature structure and its evolution, 1996-1997. Icarus, 280, 268-277, 2016.,
  5. Crisp, D., Chapsky, L., Eldering, A.,Fisher, B., Frankenberg, C., Gunson, M. R., Lee, R., Osterman, G. B.,Oyafuso, F., O'Dell, C. W., Pollock, R., Taylor, T. E., Wennberg, P. O., and Wunch, D.: The On-Orbit Performance of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2), Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 59-81, 2017., doi:10.5194/amt-10-59-2017
  6. Eldering, A., O'Dell, C. W., Wennberg, P. O., Crisp, D., Gunson, M. R., Viatte, C., Avis, C., Braverman, A.,Castano, R., Chang, A., Chapsky, L., Cheng, C., Connor, B., Dang, L., Doran, G.,Fisher, B., Frankenberg,C., Fu, D., Granat, R., Hobbs, J., Lee, R. A. M., Mandrake, L., McDuffie, J., Miller, C. E., Myers, V., Natraj,V., O'Brien, D. M., Osterman, G. B., Oyafuso, F., Payne, V. H., Pollock, H. R., Polonsky, I., Roehl,C. M., Rosenberg, R., Schwandner, F., Smyth, M., Tang, V., Taylor, T. E., To, C.,Wunch, D., and Yoshimizu,J.: The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2: First 18 months of Science Data Products, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 549-563, 2017., doi:10.5194/amt-10-549-2017
  7. Wunch, D., Wennberg, P.O., Osterman, G.,Fisher, B.., Naylor, B., Roehl, C.M., O'Dell, C., Mandrake, L., Viatte, C., Griffith, D.W., Deutscher, N.M., Velazco, V.A., Notholt, J., Terringer, T., Pollard, D., Robinson, J., Morino, I., Uchino, O., Hase, F., Blumenstock, T., Kiel, M., Geist, D.G., Arnold, S.G., Strong, K., Medonca, J., Kivi, R., Heikkinen, P., Iraci, L., Podolske, J., Hillyard, P.W., Kawakami, S., Dubey, M.K., Parker, H.A., Sepulveda, E., Rdoriguez, O.E.G., Te, Y., Jeseck, P., Gunson, M.R., Crisp, D., Eldering, A.: Comparisons of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) XCO2 measurements with TCCON. 2017. doi:10.5194/amt-2016-227.
  8. Taylor, T.E., O'Dell, C.W., Frankenberg, C., Partain, P.T., Cronk, H.Q., Savtchenko, A, Nelson, R.R, Rosenthal, E.J., Chang. A.Y., Fisher, B.., Osterman, G.O., Pollock, R.H., Crisp, D., Eldering, A., Gunson, M.R.: Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) cloud screening algorithms: validation against collocated MODIS and CALIOP data. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 973-989, 2016,, doi:10.5194/amt-9-973-2016
  9. H. Nguyen, G. Osterman, D. Wunch, C. O'Dell, L. Mandrake, P. Wennberg, Fisher, B. and R. Castano: A method for colocating satellite XCO2 data to ground-based data and its application to ACOS-GOSAT and TCCON. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 2631-2644, doi:10.5194/amt-7-2631-2014, 2014
  10. H. Lindqvist, C. W. O'Dell, S. Basu, H. Boesch, F. Chevallier, N. Deutscher, L. Feng, Fisher, B.., F. Hase, M. Inoue, R. Kivi, I. Morino, P. I. Palmer, R. Parker, M. Schneider, R. Sussmann, and Y. Yoshida: Does GOSAT capture the true seasonal cycle of carbon dioxide? Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 13023-13040, doi:10.5194/acp-15-13023-2015, 2015
  11. D. Wunch, P. O. Wennberg, G. C. Toon, B. J. Connor, B. Fisher, B.M. Osterman, C. Frankenberg, L. Mandrake, C. O'Dell, P. Ahonen, S. C. Biraud, R. Castano, N. Cressie, D. Crisp, N. M. Deutscher, A. Eldering, M. L. Fisher, D. W. T. Griffith, M. Gunson, P. Heikkinen, G. Keppel-Aleks, E. Kyrö, R. Lindenmaier, R. Macatangay, J. Mendonca, J. Messerschmidt, C. E. Miller, I. Morino, J. Notholt, F. A. Oyafuso, M. Rettinger, J. Robinson, C. M. Roehl, R. J. Salawitch, V. Sherlock, K. Strong, R. Sussmann, T. Tanaka, D. R. Thompson, O. Uchino, T. Warneke, and S. C. Wofsy: A method for evaluating bias in global measurements of CO2 total columns from space. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 12317-12337, doi:10.5194/acp-11-12317-2011, 2011

Group Home Page
People in this Group
Group Projects

JPL Privacy Statement Sitemap Contact Site Manager