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 Aerosols And Clouds: People
Matthew  Lebsock's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 233-300
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
Curriculum Vitae:

Matthew Lebsock

  • Ph.D. Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado (2009)
  • M.S. Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado (2005)
  • B.A. Physics (Major), Mathematics (Minor), The Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado (2002)

Research Interests
  • Remote sensing of clouds, precipitation, water vapor and aerosol
  • Evaluation of climate and weather model physics
  • Global climate and energetics


CloudSat Icon CloudSat
CloudSat is an experimental satellite that uses radar to study clouds and precipitation from space. CloudSat flys in orbital formation as part of the A-Train constellation of satellites (Aqua, CloudSat, CALIPSO, PARASOL, and Aura).

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA
    • CloudSat Deputy Principal Investigator (2015-Present)
    • Scientist, Aerosol and Clouds group (2015-Present)
    • Scientist, Climate Physics Group (2011-2015)
  • Joint Institute for Regional Earth System Science and Engineering, Los Angeles CA
    • Assistant Researcher (2013-Present)
  • Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University
    • Research Scientist (2009-2011)
    • Graduate Research Assistant (2003-2009)
    • Graduate Teaching Assistant, Atmospheric Radiation (Spring 2007, Spring 2009)

Selected Awards
  • JPL Voyager Award (2019)
  • CSU Atmospheric Science Alumni Award: For outstanding research by a senior PhD student (2009)
  • Outstanding Student Paper Award (AGU Fall Meeting) (2008)
  • NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship (NESSF) (2007-2009)
  • Ball Aerospace Fellow, Colorado State University (2003-2005)

Selected Publications
  1. Richardson, M., Leinonen, J., Cronk, H. Q., McDuffie, J., Lebsock, M. D., and Stephens, G. L.: Marine liquid cloud geometric thickness retrieved from OCO-2's oxygen A-band spectrometer, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 12, 1717-1737,, 2019.
  2. Stephens, G. L., Smalley, M. A., Lebsock, M. D. (2019). The cloudy nature of tropical rains. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 171- 188.
  3. Stephens, G. L., Hakuba, M. Z., Webb, M. J., Lebsock, M., Yue, Q., Kahn, B. H., et al. (2018). Regional intensification of the tropical hydrological cycle during ENSO. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 4361-4370.
  4. Roy, R. J., Lebsock, M., Millán, L., Dengler, R., Rodriguez Monje, R., Siles, J. V., and Cooper, K. B.: Boundary-layer water vapor profiling using differential absorption radar, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 6511-6523,, 2018.
  5. Leinonen, J., Lebsock, M. D., Tanelli, S., Sy, O. O., Dolan, B., Chase, R. J., Finlon, J. A., von Lerber, A., and Moisseev, D.: Retrieval of snowflake microphysical properties from multifrequency radar observations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 11, 5471-5488, 2018.
  6. Greenwald, T. J., Bennartz, R., Lebsock, M., & Teixeira, J. (2018). An Uncertainty Data Set for Passive Microwave Satellite Observations of Warm Cloud Liquid Water Path. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123, 3668-3687.
  7. Naud, C.M., J.F. Booth, M. Lebsock, and M. Grecu, 2018: Observational Constraint for Precipitation in Extratropical Cyclones: Sensitivity to Data Sources. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 57, 991-1009,
  8. Stephens, G., D. Winker, J. Pelon, C. Trepte, D. Vane, C. Yuhas, T. L'Ecuyer, and M. Lebsock, 2018: CloudSat and CALIPSO within the A-Train: Ten Years of Actively Observing the Earth System. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99, 569-581,
  9. K. B. Cooper et al., "Atmospheric Humidity Sounding Using Differential Absorption Radar Near 183 GHz," in IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 163-167, Feb. 2018. doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2017.2776078
  10. Elsaesser, G.S., C.W. O'Dell, M.D. Lebsock, R. Bennartz, T.J. Greenwald, and F.J. Wentz, 2017: The Multisensor Advanced Climatology of Liquid Water Path (MAC-LWP). J. Climate, 30, 10193-10210,
  11. Lebsock, M.D., L'Ecuyer, T.S. & Pincus, R. Surv Geophys (2017): An Observational View of Relationships Between Moisture Aggregation, Cloud, and Radiative Heating Profiles,
  13. Nehrir, A.R., Kiemle, C., Lebsock, M.D. et al. Surv Geophys (2017) Emerging Technologies and Synergies for Airborne and Space-Based Measurements of Water Vapor Profiles, 38: 1445.
  14. Kahn, B. H., Matheou, G., Yue, Q., Fauchez, T., Fetzer, E. J., Lebsock, M., Martins, J., Schreier, M. M., Suzuki, K., and Teixeira, J.: An A-train and MERRA view of cloud, thermodynamic, and dynamic variability within the subtropical marine boundary layer, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 9451-9468,, 2017.
  15. Takahashi, H., M. Lebsock, K. Suzuki, G. Stephens, and M. Wang (2017), An investigation of microphysics and subgrid-scale variability in warm-rain clouds using the A-Train observations and a multiscale modeling framework, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, 7493-7504, doi:10.1002/2016JD026404.
  16. Kalmus, P. and M. Lebsock (2017), Correcting Biased Evaporation in CloudSat Warm Rain. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. PP. 1-11. 10.1109/TGRS.2017.2722469.
  17. Leinonen, J., M. D. Lebsock, L. Oreopoulos, and N. Cho (2016), Interregional differences in MODIS-derived cloud regimes, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 11,648-11,665, doi:10.1002/2016JD025193.
  18. Leinonen, J., M. Lebsock, G. Stephens, and K. Suzuki, 2016: Improved Retrieval of Cloud Liquid Water from CloudSat and MODIS. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 55, 1831-1844, doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0077.1.
  19. Christensen, M., A. Behrangi, T. L'ecuyer, N. Wood, M. Lebsock, and G. Stephens, 2016: Arctic Observation and Reanalysis Integrated System: A New Data Product for Validation and Climate Study. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97, 907-915, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00273.1.
  20. Millán, L., Lebsock, M., Livesey, N., and Tanelli, S., 2016: Differential absorption radar techniques: water vapor retrievals, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 2633-2646, doi:10.5194/amt-9-2633-2016.
  21. Mace, G. G., S. Avey, S. Cooper, M. Lebsock, S. Tanelli, and G. Dobrowalski, 2016: Retrieving co-occurring cloud and precipitation properties of warm marine boundary layer clouds with A-Train data, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 4008-4033, doi:10.1002/2015JD023681.
  22. Behrangi, A., et al. 2016: Status of high-latitude precipitation estimates from observations and reanalyses, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 4468-4486, doi:10.1002/2015JD024546.
  23. Lebsock M.D. and Kentaroh Suzuki, 2016: Uncertainty Characteristics of Total Water Path Retrievals in Shallow Cumulus Derived from Spaceborne Radar/Radiometer Integral Constraints. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 33, 1597-1609, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0023.1.
  24. Millan, L., Lebsock, M. Fishbein, E., Teixeira, J. (2016) Quantifying Marine Boundary Layer Water Vapor beneath Low Clouds with Near-Infrared and Microwave Imagery, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 2016 55:1, 213-225. DOI:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0143.1
  25. Lebsock, M. D., Suzuki, K., Millán, L. F., and Kalmus, P. M. (2015), The feasibility of water vapor sounding of the cloudy boundary layer using a differential absorption radar technique, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 3631-3645, doi:10.5194/amt-8-3631-2015.
  26. Cho, H.-M., Z. Zhang, K. Meyer, M. Lebsock, S. Platnick, A. Ackerman, L. DiGiralamo, L. Labonnote, C. Cornet, J. Riedi, R. Holz (2015), Frequency and causes of failed MODIS cloud property retrievals for liquid phase clouds over global oceans, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, 4132–4154. doi:10.1002/2015JD023161.
  27. Sanghavi, S., Lebsock, M., and Stephens, G.: Sensitivity analysis of polarimetric O2 A-band spectra for potential cloud retrievals using OCO-2/GOSAT measurements (2015), Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 3601-3616, doi:10.5194/amt-8-3601-2015.
  28. Leinonen, J., Lebsock, M. D., Tanelli, S., Suzuki, K., Yashiro, H., and Miyamoto, Y.: Performance assessment of a triple-frequency spaceborne cloud–precipitation radar concept using a global cloud-resolving model (2015), Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 3493-3517, doi:10.5194/amt-8-3493-2015.
  29. Kubar, T.L., G.L. Stephens, M. Lebsock, V.E. Larson, and P.A. Bogenschutz, (2015), Regional Assessments of Low Clouds against Large-Scale Stability in CAM5 and CAM-CLUBB Using MODIS and ERA-Interim Reanalysis Data. J. Climate, 28, 1685–1706. doi:
  30. Kalmus, P., M. Lebsock, J. Teixeira (2014), Observational Boundary Layer Energy and Water Budgets of the Stratocumulus-to-Cumulus Transition (2014), J. Climate, 27(24), doi:10.1175/jcli-d-14-00242.1.
  31. Millán, L., M. Lebsock, N. Livesey, S. Tanelli, and G. Stephens (2014), Differential absorption radar techniques: Surface pressure. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 3959–3970, doi:10.5194/amt-7-3959-2014.
  32. Lebsock, M. and H. Su (2014), Application of Active Spaceborne Remote Sensing for Understanding Biases Between Passive Cloud Water Path Retrievals. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 119, 8962-8979, DOI: 10.1002/2014JD021568.
  33. Behrangi, A., G. Stephens, R.F. Adler, G.J. Huffman, B. Lambrigtsen, M. Lebsock (2014), An Update on the Oceanic Precipitation Rate and Its Zonal Distribution in Light of Advanced Observations from Space. J. Climate, 27, 3957–3965. doi: 
  34. Smalley, M., T. L'Ecuyer, M. Lebsock, J. Haynes (2014), A Comparison of Precipitation Occurrence from the NCEP Stage IV QPE Product and the CloudSat Cloud Profiling Radar. J. Hydrometeor, 15, 444–458. doi:
  35. Rapp, A.D., M.D. Lebsock and T.S. L’Ecuyer (2013), Low cloud precipitationclimatology in the southeastern Pacific marine stratocumulus region using CloudSat. Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 014027, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014027.
  36. Christensen, M. W., G. L. Stephens, and M. D. Lebsock (2013), Exposing biases inretrieved low cloud properties from CloudSat: A guide for evaluating observations and climate data, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 12,120–12,131, doi:10.1002/2013JD020224.
  37. Lebsock, M., H. Morrison, and A. Gettelman (2013), Microphysical implications of cloud-precipitation covariance derived from satellite remote sensing, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50347.
  38. Suzuki, K., G.L. Stephens, and M.D. Lebsock (2013), Aerosol effect on the warm rain formation process: Satellite observations and modeling, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 170-184, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50043.
  39. Behrangi, A., M. Lebsock, S. Wong, and B. Lambrigtsen (2012), On the quantification of oceanic rainfall using spaceborne sensors, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D20105, doi:10.1029/2012JD017979.
  40. Boening, C., M. Lebsock, F. Landerer, and G. Stephens (2012), Snowfall-driven mass change on the East Antarctic ice sheet, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L21501, doi:10.1029/2012GL053316.
  41. Stephens, G.L., J. Li, M. Wild, C.A. Clayson, N. Loeb, S. Kato, T. L'Ecuyer, P.W. Stackhouse, M. Lebsock, T. Andrews. (2012), An Update on the Earth's energy balance in light of new surface energy flux estimates., Nature Geosci. 5, 691-696, doi:10.1038/ngeo1580.
  42. Wood, R., D. Leon, M. Lebsock, J. Snider, and A. D. Clarke (2012), Precipitation driving of droplet concentration variability in marine low clouds, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D19210, doi:10.1029/2012JD018305.
  43. Lebsock, M.D., and T.S. L'Ecuyer (2011), The retrieval of warm rain from CloudSat, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D20209, doi:10.1029/2011JD016076.
  44. Lebsock, M.D., T.S. L'Ecuyer, and G.L. Stephens (2011), Detecting the ratio of rain and cloud water in low-latitude shallow marine clouds, J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 50, 419-432, doi:10.1175/2010JAMC2494.1 (2010).
  45. Sorooshian, A., G. Feingold, M. D. Lebsock, H. Jiang, G. L. Stephens (2010), Deconstructing the Precipitation Susceptibility Construct: Improving Methodology for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation Studies, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D17201, doi:10.1029/2009JD013426.
  46. Lebsock, M.D., C. Kummerow, G.L. Stephens (2010), An Observed Tropical Oceanic Radiative-Convective Cloud Feedback, J. Climate, 23, 2065-2078, doi:10.1175/2009JCLI3091.1.
  47. Sorooshian A., G. Feingold, M.D. Lebsock, H. Jiang, G.L. Stephens (2009), On the precipitation susceptibility of clouds to aerosol perturbations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L13803, doi:10.1029/2009GL038993.
  48. Rapp, A.D., M. Lebsock, C. Kummerow (2009), On the consequences of resampling microwave radiometer observations for use in retrieval algorithms, J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 48, 1981-1993, doi: 10.1175/2009JAMC2155.1.
  49. L'Ecuyer, T. S., W. Berg, J. Haynes, M. Lebsock, and T. Takemura (2009), Global observations of aerosol impacts on precipitation occurrence in warm maritime clouds, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1029/2008JD011273.
  50. Lebsock, M.D., G.L. Stephens, and C. Kummerow (2008), Multisensor satellite observations of aerosol effects on warm clouds, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D15205, doi:10.1029/2008JD009876.
  51. Stephens, G.L., D.G. Vane, S. Tanelli, E. Im,, S. Durden, M. Rokey, D. Reinke, P. Partain, G.G.Mace, R. Austin, T. L'Ecuyer, J. Haynes, M.D. Lebsock, K. Suzuki, D. Waliser, D. Wu, J.Kay, A. Gettleman, Z. Wang,R. Marchand (2008), The CloudSat Mission: Performance and early science after the first year of operation, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00A18, doi:10.1029/2008JD009982.
  52. Lebsock, M.D., T.S. L'Ecuyer, and G.L. Stephens (2007), Information content of near-infrared spaceborne multiangular polarization measurements for aerosol retrievals, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D14206, doi:10.1029.

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