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 Stratosphere And Upper Troposphere (329D): People
Michael  Schwartz's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 183-701
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
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Michael Schwartz

  • Deep Springs College (1979-1981)
  • B.A., Physics, Carleton College, cum laude, with distinction in Physics (1985)
  • Ph.D., Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1998)

Research Interests
  • Improvement of EOS MLS retrievals, particularly for the temperature product.
  • Digital spectrometer design and development.
  • Stratosphere-troposphere exchange and processes in the tropopause transition layer.


MLS - Microwave Limb Sounder Icon MLS - Microwave Limb Sounder
The Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) experiments measure naturally-occurring microwave thermal emission from the limb (edge) of Earth's atmosphere to remotely sense vertical profiles of atmospheric gases, temperature, pressure, and cloud ice.

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Scientist, Microwave Atmospheric Science Group (1999-Present)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1988-1998)
    • Research Scientist, Research Laboratory of Electronics (1997-1998)
    • Research Assistant, Remote Sensing and Estimation Group (1990-1997)
    • Teaching Assistant, Department of Physics (1988-1990)

Selected Publications
  1. Schwartz, M.J., W.G. Read, W.V. Snyder, "Polarized radiative transfer for Zeeman-split oxygen lines in the EOS MLS forward model," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, 1182-1191, May 2006.
  2. Jarnot, R.F., V.S. Perun, M.J. Schwartz, "Radiometric and spectral performance and calibration of the GHz bands of EOS MLS," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, 1131-1143, May 2006.
  3. Read, W.G., Z. Shippony, M.J. Schwartz, N.J. Livesey, W.V. Snyder, "The clear-sky unpolarized forward model for the EOS Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS)," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, 1367-1379, May 2006.
  4. Jimenez, C.J., H.C. Pumphrey, I.A. MacKenzie, G.L. Manney, M.L. Santee, M.J. Schwartz, R.S. Harwood, J.W. Waters, "EOS MLS observations of dehydration in the 2004-2005 polar winters," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L16806, doi:10.1029/2006GL025926, 2006.
  5. J. H. Jiang, D. Y. Wang, L. L. Romans, C. O. Ao, M. J. Schwartz, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, M.Lopez-Puertas, B. Funke, S. Gil-Lopez, N. Glatthor, U. Grabowski, M. Hopfner, S. Kellmann, M. Kiefer, A. Linden, G. M. Tsidu, M. Mils, T. Steck, H. Fischer. "Comparison of GPS/SAC-C and MIPAS/ENVISAT Temperature Profiles and Its Possible Implementation for EOS MLS Observations," CHAMP Mission Results for Gravity, Magnetic and Atmospheric Studies, C. Reigber, H. Luehr and P. Schwintzer (Eds.): Springer-Verlag, 2003.
  6. W. J. Blackwell, J. W. Barrett, F. W. Chen, R. V. Leslie, P.W. Rosenkranz, M. J. Schwartz, D. H. Staelin. "NPOESS Aircraft Sounder Testbed-Microwave (NAST-M): Instrument Description and Initial Flight Results," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol.39, No.11, November 2001.
  7. M. J. Schwartz. Observation and Modeling of Atmospheric Oxygen Millimeter-Wave Transmittance, Ph.D. Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department fo Physics, 1998.
  8. S. Spina, M. J. Schwartz, D. H. Staelin, A. J. Gasiewski. "Application of Multilayer Feedforward Neural Networks to Precipitation Cell-Top Altitude Estimation," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol.36, No.1, January 1998.
  9. M. J. Schwartz, J. W. Barrett, P. W. Fieguth, P. W. Rosenkranz, M. S. Spina, D. H. Staelin. "Observations of Thermal and Precipitation Structure in a Tropical Cyclone by Means of Passive Microwave Imagery near 118 GHz," Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol.35, No. 5, 1996.

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