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Michael Schwartz

Photo of Michael Schwartz


4800 Oak Grove Drive
M/S 183-701

Pasadena, CA 91109





Member of:

Stratosphere And Upper Troposphere


  • Ph.D., Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1998)
  • B.A., Physics, Carleton College, cum laude, with distinction in Physics (1985)
  • Deep Springs College (1979-1981)

Professional Experience

  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Scientist, Microwave Atmospheric Science Group / Stratosphere and Upper Troposphere Group (1999-Present)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1988-1998)
    • Research Scientist, Research Laboratory of Electronics (1997-1998)
    • Research Assistant, Remote Sensing and Estimation Group (1990-1997)
    • Teaching Assistant, Department of Physics (1988-1990)

Research Interests

  • Retrievals and validation of atmospheric temperature and composition from satellite measurements.
  • Middle atmospheric temperature interannual variability and trends.
  • The impact of the summer Monsoons and of episodic events including PyroCbs, Volcanic eruptions, and overshooting convection on stratospheric composition.
  • Stratospheric Ozone trends and their attribution.

Selected Publications

  1. M.L. Santee, A. Lambert, G.L. Manney, N.J. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, J.L. Neu, M.J. Schwartz, L.F. Millán, F. Werner, W.G. Read, M. Park, R.A. Fuller, and B.M. Ward, "Prolonged and Pervasive Perturbations in the Composition of the Southern Hemisphere Midlatitude Lower Stratosphere from the Australian New Year's Fires," Geophys. Res. Lett. 49, 4, doi:10.1029/2021gl096270.
  2. N. Livesey, W. Read, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, M. Santee, M. Schwartz, L. Millán, R. Jarnot, P. Wagner, D. Hurst, K. Walker, P. Sheese, and G. Nedoluha, "Investigation and amelioration of long-term instrumental drifts in water vapor and nitrous oxide measurements from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder MLS and their implications for studies of variability and trends," Atmos. Chem. Phys. 21, 20, 15409-15430, doi:10.5194/acp-21-15409-2021, October 2021
  3. H. Pumphrey, M. Schwartz, M. Santee, G. Kablick III, M. Fromm, and N. Livesey, "Microwave Limb Sounder MLS observations of biomass burning products in the stratosphere from Canadian forest fires in August 2017," Atmos. Chem. Phys. 21, 22, 16645-16659, doi:10.5194/acp-21-16645-2021, November 2021.
  4. M.J.Schwartz, M.L. Santee, H.C. Pumphrey, G.L. Manney, A. Lambert, N.J. Livesey, L.Millan, J.L.Neu, W.G.Read, F. Werner, “Australian New Year’s PyroCb Impact on Stratospheric Composition” Geophys. Res. Lett. 47, 24, doi:10.1029/2020gl090831, 2020.
  5. Santee, M.L., G.L Manney, N.J. Livesey, M.J. Schwartz, J.L. Neu, and W.G. Read, "A comprehensive overview of the climatological composition of the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone based on 10 years of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder measurements," J. Geophys. Res., 122, doi:10.1002/2016JD026408. May 17, 2017.
  6. Schwartz, M.J., G.L. Manney, M.I. Hegglin, N.J. Livesey, M.L. Santee, and W.H. Daffer, "Climatology and variability of trace gases in extratropical double-tropopause regions from MLS, HIRDLS, and ACE-FTS measurements," Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, 843-867, doi:10.1002/2014JD021964.
  7. Schwartz, M.J., W.J. Read, M.L. Santee, N.J. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, and G.L. Manney, "Convectively Injected Water Vapor in the North American Summer Lowermost Stratosphere," Geophys. Res. Lett. 40, 10, 2316-2321, doi:10.1002/grl.50421, 2013.
  8. Schwartz, M.J., D.E. Waliser, B. Tian, D.L. Wu, J.H. Jiang, and W.G. Read, "Characterization of MJO-Related Upper-Tropospheric Hydrological Processes Using MLS," Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L08812, doi:10.1029/2008GL033675, 2008.
  9. Schwartz, M.J., W.G. Read, N.J. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, M.L. Santee, J.W. Waters, and D.L. Wu, et al., "Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Temperature and Geopotential Height Measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 113, D15S11, doi:10.1029/2007JD008783, 2008.
  10. Schwartz, M.J., W.G. Read, W.V. Snyder, "Polarized radiative transfer for Zeeman-split oxygen lines in the EOS MLS forward model," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, 1182-1191, May 2006.
  11. Jarnot, R.F., V.S. Perun, M.J. Schwartz, " Radiometric and spectral performance and calibration of the GHz bands of EOS MLS," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, 1131-1143, May 2006.
  12. Read, W.G., Z. Shippony, M.J. Schwartz, N.J. Livesey, W.V. Snyder, "The clear-sky unpolarized forward model for the EOS Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS)," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, 1367-1379, May 2006.