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 Stratosphere And Upper Troposphere (329D): People
Michael  Schwartz's Picture
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
M/S 183-701
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
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Michael Schwartz

  • Ph.D., Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1998)
  • B.A., Physics, Carleton College, cum laude, with distinction in Physics (1985)
  • Deep Springs College (1979-1981)

Research Interests
  • Retrievals and validation of atmospheric temperature and composition from satellite measurements.
  • Middle atmospheric temperature interannual variability and trends.
  • UT/LS water vapor, with a particular emphasis on the summer monsoons and the role of overshooting convection in hydrating the stratosphere.
  • Stratospheric Ozone trends and their attribution.


MLS - Microwave Limb Sounder Icon MLS - Microwave Limb Sounder
The Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) experiments measure naturally-occurring microwave thermal emission from the limb (edge) of Earth's atmosphere to remotely sense vertical profiles of atmospheric gases, temperature, pressure, and cloud ice.

Professional Experience
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Scientist, Microwave Atmospheric Science Group (1999-Present)
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1988-1998)
    • Research Scientist, Research Laboratory of Electronics (1997-1998)
    • Research Assistant, Remote Sensing and Estimation Group (1990-1997)
    • Teaching Assistant, Department of Physics (1988-1990)

Selected Publications
  1. Santee, M.L., G.L Manney, N.J. Livesey, M.J. Schwartz, J.L. Neu, and W.G. Read, "A comprehensive overview of the climatological composition of the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone based on 10 years of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder measurements," J. Geophys. Res., 122, doi:10.1002/2016JD026408. May 17, 2017.
  2. Schwartz, M.J., G.L. Manney, M.I. Hegglin, N.J. Livesey, M.L. Santee, and W.H. Daffer, "Climatology and variability of trace gases in extratropical double-tropopause regions from MLS, HIRDLS, and ACE-FTS measurements," Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, 843-867, doi:10.1002/2014JD021964.
  3. Schwartz, M.J., W.J. Read, M.L. Santee, N.J. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, and G.L. Manney, "Convectively Injected Water Vapor in the North American Summer Lowermost Stratosphere," Geophys. Res. Lett. 40, 10, 2316-2321, doi:10.1002/grl.50421, 2013.
  4. Schwartz, M.J., D.E. Waliser, B. Tian, D.L. Wu, J.H. Jiang, and W.G. Read, "Characterization of MJO-Related Upper-Tropospheric Hydrological Processes Using MLS," Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L08812, doi:10.1029/2008GL033675, 2008.
  5. Schwartz, M.J., W.G. Read, N.J. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, M.L. Santee, J.W. Waters, and D.L. Wu, et al., "Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Temperature and Geopotential Height Measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 113, D15S11, doi:10.1029/2007JD008783, 2008.
  6. Schwartz, M.J., W.G. Read, W.V. Snyder, "Polarized radiative transfer for Zeeman-split oxygen lines in the EOS MLS forward model," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, 1182-1191, May 2006.
  7. Jarnot, R.F., V.S. Perun, M.J. Schwartz, " Radiometric and spectral performance and calibration of the GHz bands of EOS MLS," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, 1131-1143, May 2006.
  8. Read, W.G., Z. Shippony, M.J. Schwartz, N.J. Livesey, W.V. Snyder, "The clear-sky unpolarized forward model for the EOS Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS)," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, 1367-1379, May 2006.
  9. Jimenez, C.J., H.C. Pumphrey, I.A. MacKenzie, G.L. Manney, M.L. Santee, M.J. Schwartz, R.S. Harwood, J.W. Waters, "EOS MLS observations of dehydration in the 2004-2005 polar winters," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L16806, doi:10.1029/2006GL025926, 2006.
  10. W. J. Blackwell, J. W. Barrett, F. W. Chen, R. V. Leslie, P.W. Rosenkranz, M. J. Schwartz, D. H. Staelin. "NPOESS Aircraft Sounder Testbed-Microwave (NAST-M): Instrument Description and Initial Flight Results," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol.39, No.11, November 2001.
  11. M.J. Schwartz, J. W. Barrett, P. W. Fieguth, P. W. Rosenkranz, M. S. Spina, D. H. Staelin, "Observations of Thermal and Precipitation Structure in a Tropical Cyclone by Means of Passive Microwave Imagery near 118 GHz," Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 35, No. 5, 1996.

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