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Charles Miller

Photo of Charles Miller


4800 Oak Grove Drive
M/S 183-501

Pasadena, CA 91109





Curriculum Vitae:

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Member of:

Carbon Cycle And Ecosystems

Deputy Science Lead, Arctic Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE) Principal Investigator


  • B.S., Chemistry and History, Duke University, cum laude and departmental prize in Chemistry (1986)
  • Ph.D., Physical Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley (1991)

Professional Experience

  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory (2003 - present)
    • Principal Scientist (2010 - present)
    • Project Scientist (2005 - present)
    • Research Scientist (2003-2005)
    • Principal Investigator, Carbon in Arctic Reservoirs Vulnerability Experiment (CARVE), (2010-2016)
  • Deputy Principal Investigator, Orbiting Carbon Observatory (2001 - 2009)
  • Visiting Associate in Environmental Science & Engineering, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology (2012 - present)
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Haverford College (1997 - 2003)
  • National Research Council Resident Research Associate, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (1994 - 1997)
  • Welch Postdoctoral Fellow, Rice University (1991-1994)

Research Interests

  • Carbon Cycle Science
  • Arctic-Boreal Systems
  • Megacity Emissions and Remote Sensing
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Photochemistry
  • Molecular Spectroscopy

Selected Awards

  • NASA Outstanding Public Leadership Medal: Advancing NASA's Carbon Cycle Science Program, 2016
  • NASA Group Achievement Award: CARVE Implementation Team, 2016
  • NASA Group Achievement Award: CARVE Team, 2014
  • NASA Group Achievement Award: SMD American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Team, 2011
  • NASA Group Achievement Award: Molecular Spectroscopy Team, 2006
  • Remote Sensing: Best Paper Award, 2015

Selected Publications

  1. Duren, Riley, Andrew Thorpe, Kelsey T. Foster, Talha Rafiq, Francesca M. Hopkins, Vineet Yadav, Brian Bue, David R. Thompson, Steve Conley, Nadia Colombi, Christian Frankenberg, Ian McCubbin, Michael Eastwood, Mathias Falk, Jorn Herner, Bart E. Croes, Robert Green, Charles Miller, California's Methane Super-Emitters, accepted, Nature 2018-11-17032A
  2. Cawse-Nicholson, K., S. Hook, C.E. Miller, D.R. Thompson, Intrinsic dimensionality in combined visible to thermal infrared imagery, accepted,.IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, MS JSTARS-2019-00075.R2
  3. Cusworth, D. H., Jacob, D. J., Varon, D. J., Chan Miller, C., Liu, X., Chance, K., Thorpe, A. K., Duren, R. M., Miller, C. E., Thompson, D. R., Frankenberg, C., Guanter, L., and Randles, C. A.: Potential of next-generation imaging spectrometers to detect and quantify methane point sources from space, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,, accepted, 2019.
  4. Nassar, Ray, Chris McLinden, Christopher E. Sioris, C. T. McElroy, Joseph Mendonca, Johanna Tamminen, Cameron G. MacDonald, Cristen Adams, Céline Boisvenue, Adam Bourassa, Ryan Cooney, Doug Degenstein, Guillaume Drolet, Louis Garand, Ralph Girard, Markey Johnson, Dylan B.A. Jones, Felicia Kolonjari, Bruce Kuwahara, Randall V. Martin, Charles E. Miller, Norman O'Neill, Aku Riihelä, Sébastien Roche, Stanley P. Sander, William R. Simpson, Gurpreet Singh, Kimberly Strong, Alexander P. Trishchenko, Helena van Mierlo, Zahra Vaziri Zanjani, Kaley A. Walker & Debra Wunch (2019). The Atmospheric Imaging Mission for Northern Regions: AIM-North, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing.
  5. Kevin R. Gurney, Risa Patarasuk, Jianming Liang, Yang Song, Darragh O'Keeffe, Preeti Rao, James Whetstone, Riley Duren, Annmarie Eldering, and Charles E. Miller, The Hestia Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Data Product for the Los Angeles Megacity (Hestia-LA), Earth System Science Data, 11, 1309-1335, 2019.
  6. Schimel, D., Schneider, F., JPL Carbon and Ecosystem Participants, 2019. Flux towers in the sky: Global ecology from space. (Tansley Review) New Phytologist.
  7. Miller, CE, PC Griffith, SJ Goetz, L Hoy, N Pinto, I McCubbin, A Thorpe, M Hofton, D Hodkinson, C Hansen, J Woods, E Larson, ES Kasischke, and HA Margolis, An overview of ABoVE airborne campaign data acquisitions and science opportunities, Environmental Research Letters, 14, no. 8 (2019) (ABoVE Special Collection).
  8. Yadav, Vineet, Kim Mueller, Kris Verhulst, Riley Duren, Thomas Nehrkorn, Jooil Kim, Ray F. Weiss, Ralph Keeling, Stanley Sander, Marc Fischer, Sally Newman, Matthias Falk, Toshihiro Kuwayama, Talha Rafiq, James Whetstone, Anna Karion, Charles Miller (2019), Spatio-temporally resolved methane fluxes from the Los Angeles Megacity, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 124, 5131-5148.
  9. Manizza, M., Menemenlis, D., Zhang, H., Miller, C. E.(2019). Modeling the recent changes in the Arctic Ocean CO2 sink (2006-2013). Global Biogeochem. Cycles,33, 420-438.
  10. Yi, Y., Kimball, J. S., Chen, R. H., Moghaddam, M., and Miller, C. E.: Sensitivity of active-layer freezing process to snow cover in Arctic Alaska, The Cryosphere, 13, 197-218,, 2019.
  11. Yung, Yuk L., Pin Chen, Kenneth Nealson, Sushil Atreya, Patrick Beckett, Jennifer G. Blank, Bethany Ehlmann, John Eiler, Giuseppe Etiope, James G. Ferry, Francois Forget, Peter Gao, Renyu Hu, Armin Kleinböhl, Ronald Klusman, Franck Lefèvre, Charles Miller, Michael Mischna, Michael Mumma, Sally Newman, Dorothy Oehler, Mitchio Okumura, Ronald Oremland, Victoria Orphan, Radu Popa, Michael Russell, Linhan Shen, Barbara Sherwood Lollar, Robert Staehle, Vlada Stamenković, Alexis Templeton, Ann C. Vandaele, Sébastien Viscardy, Christopher R. Webster, Paul O. Wennberg, Michael L. Wong, John Worden. Astrobiology 18, 1221-1242 (2018).
  12. Wallace, J. Kent, Charles Miller, Shannon Kian Zareh, Amy Mainzer, Thomas S. Pagano, Cynthia B. Brooks, Daniel T. Jaffe, Dan Wilson, Annmarie Eldering, Dejian Fu, Randall Bartos, Yuri Beregovski, Mayer Rud, James P. McGuire, Andre Wong, Didier Keymeulen, Peter Sullivan, Elliott Liggett, Michael Bernas. CARBO - The Carbon Observatory Instrument Suite - the next generation of Earth observing instruments for global monitoring of carbon gases. Proceedings Volume 10785, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XXII;107850U (2018). SPIE Remote Sensing, 2018, Berlin, Germany.
  13. Jeong, Su-Jong, A. Anthony Bloom, David Schimel, Colm Sweeney, Nicholas C. Parazoo, David Medvigy, Gabriela Schaepman-Strub, Chunmiao Zheng, Christopher R. Schwalm, Deborah N. Huntzinger, Anna M. Michalak, Charles E. Miller, 2018. Accelerating rates of Arctic carbon cycling revealed by long-term atmospheric CO2 measurements, Science Advances, Vol. 4, no. 7, eaao1167 (2018). DOI:10.1126/sciadv.aao1167
  14. Carranza, V., Rafiq, T., Frausto-Vicencio, I., Hopkins, F. M., Verhulst, K. R., Rao, P., Duren, R. M., and Miller, C. E.: Vista-LA: Mapping methane-emitting infrastructure in the Los Angeles megacity, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 653-676,, 2018.
  15. Fisher, J. B., D. J. Hayes, C. R. Schwalm, D. N. Huntzinger, E. Stofferahn, K. Schaefer, Y. Luo, S. D. Wullschleger, S. J. Goetz, C. E. Miller, P. Griffith, S. Chadburn, A. Chatterjee, P. Ciais, T. A. Douglas, H. Genet, A. Ito, C. S. R. Neigh, B. Poulter, B. M. Rogers, O. Sonnentag, H. Tian, W. Wang, Y. Xue, Z.-L. Yang, and N. Zeng (2018), Missing pieces to modeling the Arctic-Boreal puzzle, Environ. Res. Lett., 13(2), 020202. (ABoVE Special Collection)
  16. Parazoo, N. C., Koven, C. D., Lawrence, D. M., Romanovsky, V., and Miller, C. E.: Detecting the permafrost carbon feedback: talik formation and increased cold-season respiration as precursors to sink-to-source transitions, The Cryosphere, 12, 123-144,, 2018.
  17. Schwandner, F.M., Gunson, M.R., Miller, C.E., Carn, S.A., Eldering, A., Krings, T., Verhulst, K.R., Schimel, D.S., Nguyen, H.M., Crisp, D. and O'Dell, C.W., 2017. Spaceborne detection of localized carbon dioxide sources. Science, 358, p.eaam5782. DOI:10.1126/science.aam5782
  18. Verhulst, K. R., Karion, A., Kim, J., Salameh, P. K., Keeling, R. F., Newman, S., Miller, J., Sloop, C., Pongetti, T., Rao, P., Wong, C., Hopkins, F. M., Yadav, V., Weiss, R. F., Duren, R. M., and Miller, C. E.: Carbon dioxide and methane measurements from the Los Angeles Megacity Carbon Project - Part 1: calibration, urban enhancements, and uncertainty estimates, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 8313-8341,, 2017.
  19. Veraverbeke, Sander, Brendan M. Rogers, Mike L. Goulden, Randi R. Jandt, Charles E. Miller, Elizabeth B. Wiggins, James T. Randerson, Lightning as a major driver of recent extreme fire years in North American boreal forests, Nature Climate Change (2017). doi:10.1038/nclimate3329. Advance online publication: 26 June 2017. NCLIMATE3329
  20. Commane, Róisín, Jakob Lindaas, Joshua Benmergui, Kristina A. Luus, Rachel Y.-W. Chang, Bruce C. Daube, Eugénie S. Euskirchen, John M. Henderson, Anna Karion, John B. Miller, Scot M. Miller, Nicholas C. Parazoo, James T. Randerson, Colm Sweeney, Pieter Tans Kirk Thoning, Sander Veraverbeke, Charles E. Miller, Steven C. Wofsy, Rising carbon dioxide emissions from Arctic tundra driven by early winter respiration, PNAS 2017; published ahead of print May 8, 2017, doi:10.1073/pnas.1618567114.
  21. Luus, K.A., R. Commane, J. S. Benmergui, N. C. Parazoo, S. E. Euskirchen, C. Frankenberg, J. Joiner, J. Lindaas, C. E. Miller, W. C. Oechel, D. Zona, S. Wofsy, J. C. Lin (2017), Tundra photosynthesis captured by satellite observed solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2016GL070842
  22. Miller, Scot M., Charles E. Miller, Roisin Commane, Rachel Y.W. Chang, Steven J. Dinardo, John M. Henderson, Anna Karion, Jakob Lindaas, Joe R. Melton, John B. Miller, Colm Sweeney, Steven C. Wofsy, Anna M. Michalak, A multi-year estimate of methane fluxes in Alaska from CARVE atmospheric observations, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 30, doi:10.1002/2016GB005419.
  23. Miller, Charles E., Christian Frankenberg, Andreas C. Kuhnert, Gary D. Spiers, Annmarie Eldering, Mayer Rud, Thomas S. Pagano, Daniel W. Wilson, Cynthia Brooks, Daniel T. Jaffe (2016), Capturing Complete Spatial Context in Satellite Observations of Greenhouse Gases, SPIE Imaging Spectrometry XXI, Paper 9976-9
  24. Parazoo, Nicholas C., Colm Sweeney, Roisin Commane, Steven C. Wofsy, Charles Koven, David Lawrence, Jakob Lindaas, Rachel Y.-W. Chang, Charles E. Miller, Detecting Patterns of Changing Carbon Flux in Alaska, PNAS 2016 113 (28) 7733-7738; 2016, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1601085113
  25. Cressie N., R. Wang, M. Smyth, and C. E. Miller (2016), Statistical bias and variance for the regularized inverse problem: Application to space-based atmospheric CO2 retrievals, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 5526-5537, doi:10.1002/2015JD024353
  26. Sweeney, Colm, Ed Dlugokencky, Charles E. Miller, Anna Karion, Steve Wofsy, Steve Dinardo, John Miller, Lori Bruhwiler, Andrew Crotwell, Tim Newberger, Pieter Tans (2016), Increases in long-term CH4 emissions during fall in North Slope Alaska, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL069292.
  27. Karion, A., Sweeney, C., Miller, J. B., Andrews, A. E., Commane, R., Dinardo, S., Henderson, J. M., Lindaas, J., Lin, J. C., Luus, K. A., Newberger, T., Tans, P., Wofsy, S. C., Wolter, S., and Miller, C. E.: Investigating Alaskan methane and carbon dioxide fluxes using measurements from the CARVE tower, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 5383-5398, doi:10.5194/acp-16-5383-2016, 2016.
  28. Zona D., B. Gioli, R. Commane, J. O. W. Lindaas, S. C. Wofsy, C.E. Miller, S. J. Dinardo, S. Dengel, C. Sweeney, A. Karion, R. Y.-W. Chang, J. M. Henderson, P. Murphy, V. Moreaux, A. Liljedahl, J. D. Watts, J. S. Kimball, D. A. Lipson, W. C. Oechel, Cold season emissions dominate the Arctic tundra methane budget, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113, 40-45 (2016). doi: 10.1073/pnas.1516017113
  29. Chang, R. Y. W., Miller, C. E., Dinardo, S. J., Karion, A., Sweeney, C., Daube, B. C., ... & Wofsy, S. C. (2014). Methane emissions from Alaska in 2012 from CARVE airborne observations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(47), 16694-16699. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1412953111
  30. Elliott, B.M., K. Sung, C.E. Miller. FT-IR spectra of 13C- and 18O-enriched CO2 in the ν3 region: Highly accuracy frequency calibration and spectroscopic constants for 16O12C18O, 18O12C18O and 16O13C16O. J. Mol. Spectrosc. 312, 78-86 (2015). doi:10.1016/j.jms.2015.02.007
  31. Elliott, BM, K. Sung, C.E. Miller, FT-IR spectra of 17O-enriched CO2 in the ν3 region: Highly accuracy frequency calibration and spectroscopic constants for 16O12C17O, 17O12C17O and 17O12C18O. J. Mol. Spectrosc. 304, 1 (2014). DOI: 10.1016/j.jms.2014.08.001
  32. Kort, E.A., C. Frankenberg, C.E. Miller, T. Oda, Space-based Observations of Megacity Carbon Dioxide, Geophys Res Lett 39, L17806 (2012). doi:10.1029/2012GL052738
  33. Duren, RM, C. E. Miller, Measuring the Carbon Emissions of Megacities, Nature Climate Change 2, 560-562 (2012). doi:10.1038/nclimate1629.
  34. Long, D. A., A. Cygan, R. D. van Zee, M. Okumura, C. E. Miller, D. Lisak, J. T. Hodges, Frequency-stabilized cavity ring-down spectroscopy (Frontiers Article), Chem. Phys. Lett. 536, 1-8 (2012).
  35. Miller, C.E., et al., Precision requirements for space-based XCO2 data.J. Geophys. Res. 112, D10314, (2007). doi:10.1029/2006JD007659.
  36. Miller, C. E., M. Montgomery, R. Onorato, C. Johnstone, T. McNicholas, B. Kovaric and L. R. Brown, Near Infrared Spectroscopy of Carbon Dioxide. II. 16O13C16O and 16O13C18O Line Positions. J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228, 355 (2004). doi:10.1016/j.jms.2004.07.013
  37. Miller, C. E., L. R. Brown, Near Infrared Spectroscopy of Carbon Dioxide. I. 16O12C16O Line Positions. J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228, 329 (2004). doi:10.1016/j.jms.2003.11.001
  38. Yung, Y.L., C.E. Miller, Isotopic Fractionation of Stratospheric Nitrous Oxide via Photolysis, Science 278, 1778 (1997).